Caspian Sea in Aktau
Views: 2957 Ержан Жалкасов
Azerbaijan Baku Beauty Beside Caspian Sea - Travel Vlog
Views: 1234 Travel With MD
The Beautiful Caspian Sea he Caspian Sea is the largest inland body of water in the world and accounts for 40 to 44% of the total lacustrine waters of the world. The coastlines of the Caspian are shared by Azerbaijan, Iran, Kazakhstan, Russia, and Turkmenistan. The Caspian is divided into three distinct physical regions: the Northern, Middle, and Southern Caspian. The Northern–Middle boundary is the Mangyshlak Threshold, which runs through Chechen Island and Cape Tiub-Karagan. The Middle–Southern boundary is the Apsheron Threshold, a sill of tectonic origin between the Eurasian continent and an oceanic remnant, that runs through Zhiloi Island and Cape Kuuli. The Garabogazköl Bay is the saline eastern inlet of the Caspian, which is part of Turkmenistan and at times has been a lake in its own right due to the isthmus that cuts it off from the Caspian. Differences between the three regions are dramatic. The Northern Caspian only includes the Caspian shelf, and is very shallow; it accounts for less than 1% of the total water volume with an average depth of only 5–6 metres (16–20 ft). The sea noticeably drops off towards the Middle Caspian, where the average depth is 190 metres (620 ft). The Southern Caspian is the deepest, with oceanic depths of over 1,000 metres (3,300 ft), greatly exceeding the depth of other regional seas, such as the Persian Gulf. The Middle and Southern Caspian account for 33% and 66% of the total water volume, respectively. The northern portion of the Caspian Sea typically freezes in the winter, and in the coldest winters ice forms in the south as well. Over 130 rivers provide inflow to the Caspian, with the Volga River being the largest. A second affluent, the Ural River, flows in from the north, and the Kura River flows into the sea from the west. In the past, the Amu Darya (Oxus) of Central Asia in the east often changed course to empty into the Caspian through a now-desiccated riverbed called the Uzboy River, as did the Syr Darya farther north. The Caspian also has several small islands; they are primarily located in the north and have a collective land area of roughly 2,000 km2 (770 sq mi). Adjacent to the North Caspian is the Caspian Depression, a low-lying region 27 metres (89 ft) below sea level. The Central Asian steppes stretch across the northeast coast, while the Caucasus mountains hug the western shore. The biomes to both the north and east are characterized by cold, continental deserts. Conversely, the climate to the southwest and Afrikaans: die Kaspiese See Arabic: بحر قزوين Azerbaijani: Xəzər dənizi Belarusian: Каспійскае мора Bulgarian: Каспийско море Bengali: ক্যাস্পিয়ান সাগর Bosnian: Kaspijsko more Catalan: el mar Caspi Cebuano: ang Dagat Caspian Czech: Kaspického moře Welsh: Môr Caspian Danish: Det Kaspiske Hav German: das Kaspische Meer Greek: την Κασπία Θάλασσα English: the Caspian Sea Esperanto: the Caspian Sea Spanish: el Mar Caspio Estonian: Kaspia meri Basque: Kaspiar Itsasoa Persian: دریای خزر Finnish: Kaspianmeri French: la mer Caspienne Irish: an Chais Mhuir Galician: o mar Caspio Gujarati: કેસ્પિયન સમુદ્ર Hausa: Ƙasar Caspian Hindi: कैस्पियन सागर Hmong: the Caspian Sea Croatian: Kaspijsko more Haitian Creole: lanmè a kaspyèn Hungarian: a Kaszpi-tengeren Armenian: Կասպից ծով Indonesian: Laut Kaspia Igbo: Oké Osimiri Caspian Icelandic: Caspian Sea Italian: il Mar Caspio Hebrew: הים הכספי Japanese: カスピ海 Javanese: Segara Caspian Georgian: კასპიის ზღვა Kazakh: Каспий теңізі Khmer: សមុទ្រកាសព្យែន Kannada: ಕ್ಯಾಸ್ಪಿಯನ್ ಸಮುದ್ರ Korean: 카스피해 Latin: the Caspian Sea Lao: ທະເລ Caspian Lithuanian: Kaspijos jūra Latvian: Kaspijas jūra Malagasy: ny Ranomasina Caspienne Maori: te moana Caspian Macedonian: Каспиското Море Malayalam: കാസ്പിയൻ കടൽ Mongolian: Каспийн тэнгис Marathi: कॅस्पियन समुद्र Malay: Laut Caspian Maltese: il-Baħar Kaspju Myanmar (Burmese): အဆိုပါကက်စပီယန်ပင်လယ် Nepali: कास्पियन सागर Dutch: de Kaspische Zee Norwegian: Det kaspiske hav Chichewa: Nyanja ya Caspian Punjabi: ਕੈਸਪੀਅਨ ਸਾਗਰ Polish: Morze Kaspijskie Portuguese: o mar Cáspio Romanian: Marea Caspică Russian: Каспийское море Sinhala: කැස්පියන් මුහුදේ Slovak: v Kaspickom mori Slovenian: Kaspijsko morje Somali: badda Caspian Albanian: Deti Kaspik Serbian: Каспијско море Sesotho: Leoatle la Caspian Sundanese: Laut Kaspia Swedish: Kaspiska havet Swahili: Bahari ya Caspian Tamil: காஸ்பியன் கடல் Telugu: కాస్పియన్ సముద్రం Tajik: баҳри Каспий Thai: ทะเลแคสเปี้ยน Filipino: ang Dagat Caspian Turkish: Hazar Denizi Ukrainian: Каспійське море Urdu: کیسپین سمندر Uzbek: Kaspiy dengizi Vietnamese: biển Caspian Yiddish: די קאַספּיאַן ים Yoruba: Okun Caspian Chinese: 里海 Chinese (Simplified): 里海 Chinese (Traditional): 里海 Zulu: i-Sea Caspiantourism, hotels, hotel, holiday, resort, landmarks, weather, economy, industry, architecture, shopping, museum, school, housing, floods, storm, flood,
Views: 455 Cities of the World
Driving from Tehran to Babolsar, North of Iran, close to the Caspian Sea. Parkway - Modares - Sadr - Babaei - Pardis - Haraz - Damavand - Amol - Babolsar Thanks for Watching, Please don't forget to subscribe the channel and check out my other videos :) ►Get Spark: https://click.dji.com/AC98o-Z0clqPmji85mq1iA?pm=link ►Get Mavic: https://click.dji.com/ALhZ7fWNHfrjqcHTRgaGcQ?pm=link ►Get Osmo Pocket: https://click.dji.com/AM1ECu8kdc8j8Wi7c8be2A?pm=link ►Get Osmo Mobile2: https://click.dji.com/AGf3YVWQfjodxNywhvjrbA?pm=link DONATIONS: ♥ BITCOIN: 3BvZZZhD2EaVX3rtr12r7kZB14FGRfLQgq ♥ ETHERIUM: 0x4812754bb4faca69ea7ec89a708fe390d81a9718 ♥ LITECOIN: LPJCcnLZNoqk8bmGkZfg6o8dgTRjQf9uVe ♥ DASH: XtS8b9LkmHqAHUA9PTQXKJfWK6qvE5WG23 ♥ MONERO: 4DCx5E9pauZMF7BPPTnsP9iqVXTBV2qgTcc8pgR52GJfTkAFVLaMH8jXzkxSCjao4JbF5LAs1aUPN4tQNWXKAcY1c8GFvWxaiMZKCpd7e7
Views: 33692 MZWORKS
Russians are awesome - we love Russiahttps://www.facebook.com/Russians-are-awesome-we-love-Russia-669830899802209/timeline/
Views: 16544 John Sommers
Lahijan (Persian: Lāhijān, also known as, Lāhijān) is a Caspian sea resort in and the capital of Lahijan County, Gilan Province, Iran. At the 2016 census, its population was 167,544 in 58,378 families.آتش سوزی لاهیجان جنگل لاهیجان آتش جنگل لاهیجان آتش لاهيجان Lahijan wildfire, Lahijan forest, Lahijan forest fire, Lahijan fire, The resort Lahijan has both traditional and modern architecture. The city, which has an Iranian-European urban structure, lies on the northern slope of the Alborz mountains. Its culture and climatic favorable condition have made Lahijan a major tourist hub in northern Iran. The city is basically founded on the sediments remaining from big rivers in Gilan, including the Sefid-Rud (White River). Historically, the city was the major business center and the capital of East Gilan during the time of special rulers. Lahijan has also been a tourism hub of the Islamic world during differen This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (August 2012) (Learn how and when to remove this template message) Tea in Iran The real colour of the Tea Tea plant. The history of tea culture in Iran started at the end of the 15th century. Before that coffee was the main beverage in Iran. However, most of the coffee producing countries were located far from Iran, making shipping very difficult. With a major tea producing country, China, located on a nearby trading path, "the silk road", and the shipping of tea was much easier. That was a main reason why tea became much popular in Iran. As a result, the demand for tea grew, and more tea needed to be imported to match Iran's consumption. Iran failed in their first attempt to cultivate tea in their own country in 1882 with seeds from India. In 1899 Prince Mohammad Mirza known as "Kashef Al Saltaneh" who was born in Lahijan, imported Indian tea and started its cultivation in Lahijan. Kashef, who was the first mayor of Tehran and an Iranian ambassador to India under British rule, knew that the British would not allow him to learn about the secrets of tea production, as it was their biggest business in India at the time. So being fluent in French, the prince pretended to be a French laborer and started to work in the tea plantations and factories to learn how to produce tea. Ultimately his plan was to take back some samples of this tea to Iran to cultivate. He was successful in this endeavor only because of his diplomatic immunity which stopped the British from searching his secretly stashed sample. At the time, Kashef brought 3000 saplings into his country from the Northern part of India, Kangra. He started the cultivation in the region Gilan, south of the Caspian Sea. The climate there was well suited for tea cultivation, and the tea industry quickly expanded in Gilan and Mazanderan region. Kashef’s mausoleum in Lahijan is now part of the "Iran's National Tea Museum". Iran's National Tea Museum and Kashef Osaltane's tomb. In 1934 the first modern style tea factory was built. Now there are up to 107 tea factories and a total of 32,000 hectare of tea farms. Most of the farms are located the hillsides of Iran like the farms in Darjeeling. These farms produce an orthodox style of black tea. The color of Iranian tea is red and taste is fairly light, and it is delicious without adding any milk or sugar. The total production of black tea in 2009 was approximately 60’000 tons. Tea in Lahijan A statue in Lahijan Historically, Lahijan is the first town in Iran to have tea plantations. With its mild weather, soil quality and fresh spring water, Lahijan stands to have the largest area of tea cultivation in Iran. But today the country's tea industry is deep in trouble and the verdant gardens that once sustained millions of farmers and their workers are used only for grazing sheep and other personal purposes. Despite having one of the world's most avid tea drinking populations, the Iranian tea economy is reeling from an influx of foreign imports and smugglers who, local traders complain, often have close family ties to powerful figures in the Islamic government. The consequences are plain to see. In Lahijan, the historic capital of Iran's tea industry, land that was once a lush vista of tea bushes is now occupied by houses and flats, built by tea factory owners who have moved into the building trade in response to their industry's decline. Several of the town's tea mills are derelict. Others are at a stand-still or operating at half capacity. Some 40% of the half-million tea farmers in tea-rich Gilan province have gone out of business, because the factories are no longer buying their crops. Hundreds of thousands of pickers have been forced out of work. Cookies (Kulucheh)t eras in Iran's history.
Views: 1050 Cities of the World
A very amateur video of my short trip in North of Iran and Caspian coastline. These shots are taken mostly in Kelachay and Ramsar. It goes from the beautiful roads of Caspian coastline to the bazaars around. I hope you all enjoy my very first video. *And about the music on the background I must say, I enjoyed listening to that while spending my days and nights there with a great friend of mine who is also a local there. That's the only reason.
Views: 1115 Farshad Shalforosh
Last year I travelled to the Caspian Sea with the intention of sailing around it in a specially-adapted inflatable canoe and hoped to film a documentary about my trip and about the region. Unfortunately, due to circumstances beyond my control, my plans had to change at the last moment. I still tried to film my trip but the changes meant the documentary I had envisioned making no longer matched up with what I was filming. For 9 months the footage of my trip has been stuck on my computer, seen only by me, as I tried to figure out what I wanted to do with it. I have decided that if I don't upload it now then I might never get around to it, so I have decided to try and upload (a loosely edited version of) what I have. I'm not quite sure how I would describe this video; referring to it as 'Holiday footage' doesn't quite do it justice (I think), so perhaps calling it a 'Video Diary' is a better idea. MUSIC: Heifervescent - It's Coming Together - Pondlife Fiasco Creative Commons License 2.0 - http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/ Elle Lefant - Runaways - Pulse Creative Commons License 3.0 - http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/ Dj Fab - On the moon - Echoes from the past Creative Commons License 3.0 - http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/
Views: 36467 gardiner12
On the road from Caspian sea to Tehran - Time lapse/video Nowshahr/Namakabrud/Kelardasht/Rudbarak/Dizin/Alborz... Video by Rhino Mood (Mahdi Mollaey) Music : Chaartar - Asheghaaneh tanhast
Views: 21191 Rhino Mood
Iran, May 25th 2018: This is the Gulf Of Gorgan, a place where a little part of the Caspian Sea is cut off from the main body by a strip of land. The water is very quiet. And in some parts it is pretty dried up. Walking from China to Germany, posting daily videos. Currently in Iran, about halfway through. This video is from 2018, a walking day. Here's the blog post it belongs to: ▶ https://thelongestway.com If you have any ADDITIONAL QUESTIONS, please refer to: ▶▶▶ http://crehage.com/faq CONNECT WITH ME: ▶OFFICIAL SITE: http://crehage.com ▶FACEBOOK: https://facebook.com/crehage ▶TWITTER: https://twitter.com/crehage ▶INSTAGRAM: https://www.instagram.com/christophrehage ▶▶▶SUBSCRIBE to my channel: http://bit.ly/1BcQ6Ol
Views: 836 Christoph Rehage
Roadtrip of 4 dutch students across the Caspian sea by a cargoship to Kyrgyzstan. With a white Opel Astra of 750 euro, a tent and a trunk full of gear. The travel of bribes, long roads, beautiful views, nice people and lots of vodka. The route: The Netherlands, Germany, Czech Republic, Hungary, Serbia, Bulgaria, Turkey, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Caspain sea, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, Russia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Germany, The Netherlands
Views: 2605 Jip van Vulpen
Ramsar (Marmar Palace & Old Hotel) by Caspian Sea, Mazandaran Province, Iran Ramsar's wooded hills roll down nearly to the coast of the Caspian Sea while the powerful outlines of the Alborz mountains range from an impressive background. The palace built by order of the last King of Iran in 1937 in the wooded hill overlooking Ramsar, the setting of which is one of the most magnificent anywhere along the Caspian coast. It built in a historical garden of Ramsar and its relative structures are on national record and under support of the Cultural Heritage Organization of Iran. This garden covers an area of 60,000 sq.m. and is one of the beautiful and traditional gardens in Mazandaran province and Iran. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mazandaran_Province http://poeticliterature.com/
Views: 6773 farhad4art
Azerbaijan on the map resembles a bird that flies from the east with wide open wings. Baku, the capital looking to the Caspian, is a rapidly developing industrial city. This ancient country, once an important stop on the Great Silk Road, has many exciting places - the Bronze Age petroglyphs, medieval minarets and mosques and the famous Azerbaijani carpets. About a third of the population of Azerbaijan lives in the capital, the largest metropolis of the South Caucasus. This beautiful city is located around the ideal bay, the Baku Gulf in the lower part of the Absheron Peninsula. Baku and the 70-kilometer peninsula enjoy sunny and surprisingly dry weather. Azerbaijan is still a Klondike of "black gold". So they call not only oil, but also black caviar. Its extraction is now strictly controlled and limited by state quotas. The best caviar in the world is the caviar of the Caspian Sea. Russia, Iran, Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan and Turkmenistan border the Caspian Sea, which is the largest lake in the world. The surface of the Caspian Sea is 374,000 square kilometers. km. One of its advantages is the prevalence of 80-90% of sturgeon in it. From sturgeon get caviar, which is a "symbol of luxury". Sturgeon is in fact a prehistoric species of the animal world, surviving to this day since the time of the existence of dinosaurs.
Views: 730 Holiday Azerbaijan
Our second trip in August to Iran. Climbing Damavand, swimming in the Caspian Sea, historic sights in Tehran (Golestan Palace) and Qazvin, awesome scenery of Alborz Mountains with Alamut Castle and Evan Lake. Beautiful nature and very kind people! So don´t be shy and GO TO IRAN!!!
Views: 10490 kotasmichael
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Views: 5 Awais Janjua Eleven
Get to know the ancient and beautiful people, culture, and landscape of Iran. Join The Traveler bookstore and Cross Cultural Journeys of Bainbridge Island on an unforgettable journey to some of the marvels of Iran, from Shiraz to the Caspian Sea, April 19-May 3, 2017. Learn more at http://crossculturaljourneys.com/iran-iranian-odyssey-the-traveler/
Views: 479 Cross Cultural Journeys
A hypnotizing bliss will overcome you after watching this moment.
Views: 73 MajicMoment
Travel with me to the beautiful country of Azerbaijan . Like & Share & if Subscribe - Dont forget to press the bell icon Best comments will be pinned and follow back Azerbaijan, the nation and former Soviet republic, is bounded by the Caspian Sea and Caucasus Mountains, which span Asia and Europe. Its capital, Baku.
Views: 314 Sultan Vlogs
Recorded this video during my flight to Baku, through the beautiful Caucasian Mountains. Thanks for watching!
Views: 1303 Craig Rzayev
What happened to the Ekranoplan, the huge ground effect vehicle the Soviets developed in the cold from the 1960's to the 1980's. This was a part plane, part boat that could fly just above the above the sea surface and carry huge loads of personnel or weapons at high speed. We look at its development, its inventor and its ultimate demise. Pateron : https://www.patreon.com/curiousdroid Sponsors : Luke, Muhammad Tauha Ali, Pascal Hausammann, Florian Hesse. Space Ventures Investors, Katy, Joal Rehmann, Pyloric, Blair Leduc, Laszia Antal, Chad Mellor, Michael Douglas, Bjorn Nyblad, Giacomo Catenazzi, AMIR BLACHMAN, Larry Ackerman, Ara Kirakosyan, Bernt-Olov Hellstram,Tayar Jundi, Johan Rombaut, Tobias Pettersson, Kevin Hinnen, Mitchel J. Mullin II, Lucius Kwok, Hunter Schwisow, Peter Cote, Cody Belichesky, Mogoreanu Daniel, Douglas Gustafson, Marcus Chiado, Jorn Magnus Karlsen. Presented by Paul Shillito Written and Researched by Andy Munzer Additional Material by Paul Shillito
Views: 1153295 Curious Droid
A team of researchers from universities around the world have joined together to determine why the Caspian Sea is shrinking. In the study published last month in the journal Geophysical Research Letters, the team says, "With continued warming in the northern hemisphere, one can expect yearly accumulated evaporation rates over the Caspian Sea to continue increasing for the foreseeable future." Evaporation is closely related to rising temperatures, a trend expected to continue with climate change. The Caspian Sea and its resources are of much interest to the surrounding countries, and while scientists can't be certain, the future of the sea appears to be at risk. http://gizmodo.com/scientists-think-they-know-why-the-caspian-sea-is-shrin-1798538633 http://www.wochit.com This video was produced by YT Wochit News using http://wochit.com
Views: 1602 Wochit News
The Caspian Sea, called by Iranians as Darya Khizer (also Darya Mazandaran because of its proximity to Mazandaran province of Iran) is the largest enclosed inland body of water on Earth by area, also classed as the world's largest lake. The Sea is bounded by Russia, Azerbaijan, Turkmenistan, Kazakhstan and Iran. It is spread almost on the entire north of Iran and there are many beautiful coastal cities and towns with sunny sandy beaches such as Astara, Choobar, Bandar Anzali, Ramsar, Chaloos, Nosheher, Noor, Fereydun Kenar, Babolsar, etc. We were at Caspian Sea from 31st March to 4th April, 2013. This evening was turned into midnight on the Fereydun Kenar Beach. Fereydun Kenar is a coastal town of Northern Iran on the shores of Caspian Sea with peaceful atmosphere and sandy beaches, in the galaxy of other towns like Babolsar, Mehmoodabad, Noor, Shehr-e-Nau, Chaloos, etc. It is about 240 km from Tehran by Haraaz Highway. -~-~~-~~~-~~-~- Please watch: "Farhat Abbas Shah, Dubai Mushaera 1996" https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dEkvQ583sQo -~-~~-~~~-~~-~-
Views: 229 Syed Tassaduq Hussain Bukhari
Mysterious, shrouded in legends and tales Sabayil castle is of particular interest because it is located directly under the water, 350 meters from the shore, and often for this reason is called the Atlantis of the Caspian Sea. It was constructed on a rocky island in the Baylovskoy Bay by Shirvanshah Fariburz III, in 1235. In 1306, the fortress went into the water because of the strong earthquake in the south of the Caspian Sea and the dramatic rise of the sea level. It was only in the early 18th century, when the Caspian Sea retreated, that the island resurfaced. The mystery of Bayil castle has intrigued the scientists, travellers, researchers and archaeologists who have visited Baku over the centuries. More information: http://www.visions.az/baku,177/ Disclaimer: In the comment section, make sure you dont spam and dont use inappropriate language.
Views: 28347 CaspianReport
Beautiful Red And Pink Flowers Bed Near Caspian Sea Baki Baku Azerbaycan Azerbaijan by Rnkhan
Views: 5 Travel Entertainment by RnKhan
Centuries-long history is reflected in its medieval landmarks, where the special place is given to the Old city called Icheri Sheher. On the other hand, it is a fast-growing megapolis with glittering skyscrapers and unusual architectural monuments of the 21st century.
Views: 10 Kronan Safari
The Amazing Sunset View At Caspian Sea, Aktau (Kazakhstan).
Views: 284 Incredible Vision
These craft were originally developed by the Soviet Union as very high-speed military transports, and were based mostly on the shores of the Caspian Sea and Black Sea. The largest had max take-off weight over 544 tonnes. About 120 ekranoplans (A-90 Orlyonok class) were initially planned to enter military service in the Soviet Navy. After the collapse of the Soviet Union smaller ekranoplans for non-military use have been under development. The CHDB had already developed the eight-seat Volga-2 in 1985, and Technologies and Transport developed a smaller version by the name of Amphistar.
Views: 6187397 R2A Watches
Trip from north to south of Iran. Visited major cities and sights using various types of transportation. Itinerary: Tehran - Kashan - Isfahan - Shiraz - Persepolis - Bandar Abbas - Hormuz Island - Kerman - Kaluts - Yazd - Qazvin - Garmaroud - Alborz Mountains - Ramsar - Caspian Sea - Tehran Filmed on Panasonic GX85.
Views: 66691 Daniel Dostalik
غروب زیبا - دریای کاسپين ☉🌊🌊🇮🇷 Dusk of the beautiful sun - Caspian Sea - Iran #طبیعت #طبیعت_ایران #طبیعت_گردی #ایران_گردی #ساحل #دریا #دریا_کاسپین #ابر #غروب #زیبا #هوای_پاک #چشم_انداز #آرامش #nature #iran_nature #tabiat #aksiine #ir_photographer #am_iranaks #baartarinha #film #📱 #☉ #🌊 #beach #beautiful_sunset
Views: 278 javad ghasabani_gh
Welcome to my travelchannel.On my channel you can find almost 1000 films of more than 70 countries. See the playlist on my youtube channel.Enjoy! https://www.youtube.com/user/nurettinodunya/playlists Beautiful Iran ایرانِ زیباHighlights (North to South /2015) Part 1: Tabriz,Kerman,Mahan,Rayen,Bam,Shahdad,Kelout Desert,Yazd,Chak Chak, Iran: Iran officially the Islamic Republic of Iran, is a country in Western Asia. It is bordered to the northwest by Armenia, the de facto independent Nagorno-Karabakh Republic and Azerbaijan; with Kazakhstan and Russia across the Caspian Sea; to the northeast by Turkmenistan; to the east by Afghanistan and Pakistan; to the south by the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman; and to the west by Turkey and Iraq. Comprising a land area of 1,648,195 km2 (636,372 sq mi), it is the second-largest nation in the Middle East and the 18th-largest in the world. With 78.4 million inhabitants, Iran is the world's 17th most populous nation. It is the only country that has both a Caspian Sea and an Indian Ocean coastline. Iran has long been of geostrategic importance because of its central location in Eurasia and Western Asia, and its proximity to the Strait of Hormuz. Geography: Iran is the 18th largest country in the world, with an area of 1,648,195 km2 (636,372 sq mi). Its area roughly equals that of the United Kingdom, France, Spain, and Germany combined, or somewhat more than the US state of Alaska. Iran lies between latitudes 24° and 40° N, and longitudes 44° and 64° E. Its borders are with Azerbaijan (611 km (380 mi)) (with Azerbaijan-Naxcivan exclave (179 km (111 mi) )) and Armenia (35 km (22 mi)) to the north-west; the Caspian Sea to the north; Turkmenistan (992 km (616 mi)) to the north-east; Pakistan (909 km (565 mi)) and Afghanistan (936 km (582 mi)) to the east; Turkey (499 km (310 mi)) and Iraq (1,458 km (906 mi)) to the west; and finally the waters of the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman to the south. Mount Damavand, Iran's highest point, is located in Amol County, Mazanderan. Iran consists of the Iranian Plateau with the exception of the coasts of the Caspian Sea and Khuzestan Province. It is one of the world's most mountainous countries, its landscape dominated by rugged mountain ranges that separate various basins or plateaux from one another. The populous western part is the most mountainous, with ranges such as the Caucasus, Zagros and Alborz Mountains; the last contains Iran's highest point, Mount Damavand at 5,610 m (18,406 ft), which is also the highest mountain on the Eurasian landmass west of the Hindu Kush. The northern part of Iran is covered by dense rain forests called Shomal or the Jungles of Iran. The eastern part consists mostly of desert basins such as the Dasht-e Kavir, Iran's largest desert, in the north-central portion of the country, and the Dasht-e Lut, in the east, as well as some salt lakes. This is because the mountain ranges are too high for rain clouds to reach these regions. The only large plains are found along the coast of the Caspian Sea and at the northern end of the Persian Gulf, where Iran borders the mouth of the Arvand river. Smaller, discontinuous plains are found along the remaining coast of the Persian Gulf, the Strait of Hormuz and the Gulf of Oman. Iran's climate ranges from arid or semiarid, to subtropical along the Caspian coast and the northern forests. On the northern edge of the country (the Caspian coastal plain) temperatures rarely fall below freezing and the area remains humid for the rest of the year. Summer temperatures rarely exceed 29 °C (84.2 °F).Annual precipitation is 680 mm (26.8 in) in the eastern part of the plain and more than 1,700 mm (66.9 in) in the western part. United Nations Resident Coordinator for Iran Gary Lewis has said that "Water scarcity poses the most severe human security challenge in Iran today" To the west, settlements in the Zagros basin experience lower temperatures, severe winters with below zero average daily temperatures and heavy snowfall. The eastern and central basins are arid, with less than 200 mm (7.9 in) of rain, and have occasional deserts. Average summer temperatures exceed 38 °C (100.4 °F). The coastal plains of the Persian Gulf and Gulf of Oman in southern Iran have mild winters, and very humid and hot summers. The annual precipitation ranges from 135 to 355 mm (5.3 to 14.0 in).
Views: 17193 Nurettin Yilmaz