Search results “Citric acid product”
Extracting Citric Acid from Lemons
Today we are extracting citric acid from some large large lemons. Citric acid is quite a useful molecule in general, but I don't have any particular uses for it. It is mostly used as a pH buffering agent in chemistry and isn't use in direct synthesis. A buffering solution is a solution that resists pH change. It is useful in synthesis when you need to keep the pH relatively constant during a reaction. In my Cadaverine video, I used citric acid to make a pH buffer solution: https://youtu.be/C5hxFAwKIzs ------------------------------------------ Nile Red Keychain Shop: https://www.shapeways.com/shops/nile-red Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/user?u=2448989&ty=h Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/NileRed1/ Twitter: https://twitter.com/NileRed2 Personal Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/nilered2/ Audio work: Kyle Gamble ([email protected])
Views: 1188778 NileRed
How To Adjust The pH of DIY Shampoos - Citric Acid
Get the best products for naturally dry hair: USA, Canada: http://amzn.to/1iuKau5 UK & Europe: http://amzn.to/1Qp3pRg Other countries: https://www.nenonatural.com/queenofkinks.html Resources & comments: http://www.nenonatural.com/diyshampoos.html pH and Shampoo Your shampoo should have a pH between 5.5 and 6.0. To achieve this use citric acid. Add 0.5% (0.5g for a 100g recipe) at a time until you reach your desired pH. Citric acid is very widely available because it's used commercially to adjust the pH of food and cosmetics. If you have a question or comment there is a comments box at the bottom of this page: http://www.nenonatural.com/diyshampoos.html https://twitter.com/#!/NenoNatural Hair type: mostly 4C with some 4B; Ethnicity: 100% African http://www.facebook.com/LongHealthyHair Get your free ebook on growing hair: http://www.nenonatural.com/freeinfo.html Great hair products for you: http://www.amazon.com/shops/NenoNatural BUSINESS COACHING Want to start or grow your business? Check out my program, The Money Spot™: How To Build A Six-Figure Beauty Business (Hair, Makeup, Fashion Or Craft). I did it, so can you: https://www.nenonatural.com/business.html
Fermentative production of organic acid- citric acid fermentation
Project Name: Creation of e-Contents on fermentation technology Project Investigator: Dr. Ramesh Kothari Module Name: Fermentative production of organic acid- citric acid fermentation
Views: 11440 Vidya-mitra
Specialty Home Skin Care Products : Citric Acid in Skin Care
Tighten, lighten, and brighten the skin with citric acid. Learn how citric acids are used in skin care treatments from a licensed medical aesthetician in this free video. Expert: Mary Elizabeth Thinnes Bio: Mary Elizabeth Thinnes has been a licensed medical aesthetician for the past six years. She is medical board certified with the federal academy of medical aesthetics. Filmmaker: Dustin Daniels
Views: 17222 expertvillage
Encapsulated Citric Acid Product Overview at Waltonsinc.com
Encapsulated Citric Acid Product Overview at Waltonsinc.com http://www.waltonsinc.com/encapsulated-citric-acid?utm_source=youtube.com&utm_medium=description&utm_campaign=Encapsulated_Citric_Acid Walton'sTV presents the Encapsulated Citric Acid Product Overview at Waltonsinc.com. This product overview provides a basic understanding of what encapsulated citric acid is, what encapsulated citric acid does, as well as proper proportions for encapsulated citric acid to meat.
Views: 2257 Walton's Inc.
Heater core flushing with citric acid
Flush a Heater core
Views: 117819 DIY Pit Stop
Citric Acid uses
Common household uses for citric acid. Available from Wilko
Views: 39726 Dri Pak
DIY Skin Whitening Peel / Pack - 100% Effective | Get Fair Skin  | JSuper Kaur
* Skin Whitening * Peel Pack * Fair Skin * DIY Skin Whitening * Face Pack ******************************************************************** Product Links : 1. Indus Valley Bio Organic Non-Toxic Aloe Vera Gel for Acne, Scars, Glowing & Radiant Skin Treatment-175ml https://amzn.to/2OVk5X7 2. Aroma Treasures Aloe Vera Gel for Hair, Skin, Body and Beard, 125g https://amzn.to/2AZmugn 3. Green Leaf Pure Aloe Vera Skin Gel, 500g https://amzn.to/2nsfJu0 4. Biocare Aloe Vera Gel, 500ml https://amzn.to/2vyfTnR 5. Khadi Natural Aloevera Gel, Transparent, 200g https://amzn.to/2AZmxZB 6. Pioneer Citric Acid Crystals 500 Gm https://amzn.to/2OYgvLO 7. Urban Platter Pure Citric Acid Crystals - 250 Grams https://amzn.to/2nqSzUF 8. Crown Citric Acid Crystals (50 g Each) - Pack of 5 https://amzn.to/2OmWldd ******************************************************************** Follow me on all social media & be my Friend! Please do Like, Subscribe & Share :- * YouTube : http://www.youtube.com/c/JSuperkaurbeauty * Facebook : https://www.facebook.com/JSuper.Kaur * Instagram : https://www.instagram.com/jsuper.kaur * Twitter : https://twitter.com/JsuperKaur * Google+ : https://plus.google.com/+JSuperkaur * Website : www.jsuperkaur.com For Easy Homemade Delicious Food, Snacks etc Recipe do Subscribe this channel : Cook with Monika : https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCEXuL6SujEWEfZlSumjrYrw For Business Enquiries - EMail : [email protected] Much Love Jessika PS - My channel is dedicated to my much beloved n most missed Father - Mr. Kulwant Singh. He was, is and will always be in my heart to heal it whenever it gets hurt. He's living this life through me. Disclaimer : All products used in my videos, regardless of whether the is sponsored or not, are the products i like using. the information provided on this channel is only for general purposes and should NOT be considered as professional advice. I am not a licensed Professional or a medical practitioner , so always make sure you consult a professional in case of need. I always try to keep my Content updated but i can not guarantee. All opinions expressed here are my own and i am not compensated by and brand, advertiser , PR Representative or affiliate for the same unless explicitly stated in my videos and / or description box i never tried to push products on any one, I Only recommendations based on my personal experience all the content publish on this channel is my own creative work and is protected under copyright law.
Views: 93407 JSuper kaur
Ultradent's RC Irrigation Protocol Citric Acid - Dentalkart
To buy this product online, Visit Dentalkart: http://bit.ly/2CPz1SN Ultradent Citric Acid is a mild acidic material that is effective at dissolving/cleaning calcium hydroxide from canals (e.g., UltraCal®XS). It is also recommended as a cleanser/conditioner to remove smear layer from dentinal walls. Deliver with the NaviTip® tip or the NaviTip® FX tip. Recommended as a cleanser/conditioner of prepared root canals. Removes mineral and smear layers. Slightly viscous formula facilitates lubrication
Views: 233 Dentalkart
Baking Bread using Citric Acid and Soy Lecithin - using Dough Enhancers in Bread Baking
A few days back I featured some amazing giant burger buns using citric acid and soy lecithin as dough improvers. I was asked quite a few questions regarding this, so hopefully this video will cover all the answers. You can find the printable recipe on our website http://whats4chow.com/2016/11/10/baking-bread-using-citric-acid-and-soy-lecithin-using-dough-enhancers-in-bread-baking/ This is episode #496 with Whats4Chow.com - please subscribe for notifications and updates.
Views: 8055 Whats4Chow
**SEE MORE BELOW** ************************************************** FOLLOW ME: Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/alyssaskoghomes ************************************************** CONTACT ME: For collabs, business inquires, or essential oil questions e-mail me at: [email protected] ************************************************** FREQUENTLY USED PRODUCTS IN MY VIDEOS: Glass Spray Bottles- Cobalt Blue, 4 oz: https://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B013SJ41AE/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=9325&creativeASIN=B013SJ41AE&linkCode=as2&tag=alyssasoilyli-20&linkId=f2a7ccfed18618d1456f4ebc7f8f993d Glass Spray Bottles- Amber, 4 oz: https://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B018WX2J1O/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=9325&creativeASIN=B018WX2J1O&linkCode=as2&tag=alyssasoilyli-20&linkId=97d3dc71cea7008408cdf16f713ebfc3 Glass Spray Bottles- Cobalt Blue, 2 oz: https://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B018WWT8RI/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=9325&creativeASIN=B018WWT8RI&linkCode=as2&tag=alyssasoilyli-20&linkId=f7621f5c85265718d81be8c4845e34ad Glass Spray Bottles- Amber, 2 oz: https://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B00V75IIU6/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=9325&creativeASIN=B00V75IIU6&linkCode=as2&tag=alyssasoilyli-20&linkId=c24f2878bdd87fb920c9927747dec55e Glass Roller Bottles- Cobalt Blue, 10 ml: https://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B013SJWE2G/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=9325&creativeASIN=B013SJWE2G&linkCode=as2&tag=alyssasoilyli-20&linkId=6730fd0c4154c237e57e76dc108693da Glass Roller Bottles- Amber, 10 ml: https://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B013SJMB10/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=9325&creativeASIN=B013SJMB10&linkCode=as2&tag=alyssasoilyli-20&linkId=e45688a86664d9a348c21764707fa459 Organic Extra Virgin Coconut Oil: https://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B00CPZPYLS/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=9325&creativeASIN=B00CPZPYLS&linkCode=as2&tag=alyssasoilyli-20&linkId=85b904e04e9c6a935db1b7abe74da3be Dr. Bronner's Liquid Castile Soap: https://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B00DAI76TC/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=9325&creativeASIN=B00DAI76TC&linkCode=as2&tag=alyssasoilyli-20&linkId=8f9035afba5f0bf505f2c2128c572a49 African Shea Butter, 32 oz: https://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B00846G0M4/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=9325&creativeASIN=B00846G0M4&linkCode=as2&tag=alyssasoilyli-20&linkId=2f0be740e9080d4722eb3f9cf2fe45c8 Beeswax Pellets, 16 oz: https://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B00B3U0FW4/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=9325&creativeASIN=B00B3U0FW4&linkCode=as2&tag=alyssasoilyli-20&linkId=0a906ae78bf8a7dca6dc62e8cf0d7c86 Fractionated Coconut Oil- Cold Pressed: https://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B01EM2X7CE/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=9325&creativeASIN=B01EM2X7CE&linkCode=as2&tag=alyssasoilyli-20&linkId=c393401d33f560f0924f377b46e8d7ba Jojoba Oil: https://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B0019LTGOU/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=9325&creativeASIN=B0019LTGOU&linkCode=as2&tag=alyssasoilyli-20&linkId=c401e66eab1b06fb8ee15ca5b143abe7 ************************************************** DISCLAIMERS: -This video is not sponsored. Some links above are affiliate links. -I do not own the music played in my videos. All rights go to respective owners. -The information mentioned in this video is not meant to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. These are my personal opinions and what I have chosen to do for me and my family's health. This video is meant for educational purposes only and an avenue for me to share with you how I use my essential oils.
Views: 22631 Alyssa Skog
What's in Espresso Machine Descaling Products and How to Make Your Own Descaler
Learn what's in espresso machine descaling products and how to make your own. Marc from WholeLatteLove.com breaks down the active ingredients in popular espresso machine descale products. Plus, learn how to make your own DIY descaling solution. Also covered, how to choose the right descaler for your machine and why descaling with vinegar is not a good idea. Descaling Products at WholeLatteLove.com: https://www.wholelattelove.com/parts-and-care/cleaning-products
Views: 36044 Whole Latte Love
Citric Acid For Cleaning your Whole Household
Citric Acid:
Views: 14162 Lorem Ipsum
Flavor Friday Episode #5 - Preservative and Citric Acid
Preserving your sugar water is one of the most critical components of your Shaved Ice or Snow Cone Flavors. There are people who choose not to preserve their flavors because it will be considered a more healthy option. This is perfectly fine to do, as long as you are equipped to do so. For instance, you will either need to have a refrigeration unit that will be able to accommodate all of your flavors and sugar water, or you can even dispose of your flavor once it has become a few days old. However, if you are not opposed to preserving your sugar water, then we have an incredible solution for you as long as it is implemented correctly. We have very clear instructions on the side of our preserving kit. As Callie mentions in the video, we have two options. One is a liquid option that takes less time to dissolve in your product, but it will cost more in shipping due to its liquid weight. Or we have a powder option that is a bargain both in price as well as shipping, but it will take more time to dissolve in your sugar water solution. I say this like it is a concern, but it really isn't. It really comes down to your preference and that is why we offer both. The instructions on the pack are the following: For the Liquid Version: Fill a 5 Gallon jug with 1 Gallon of water Add 2 ounces of Preservative Add 25 Lbs of Sugar Fill jug with water to the 5 Gallon mark Add 1 ounce of Citric Acid Mix Until Dissolved Flavor with Snowie Brand Original or Natural Concentrate Shaved Ice or Snow Cone Flavors For the Powder Version: Fill a 5 Gallon jug with 1 Gallon of water Add 1 scoop* (1 oz) of Preservative Add 25 Lbs of granulated sugar Fill jug with water to the 5 gallon mark Add 1 scoop* (1 oz) scoop of Citric Acid Mix until dissolved Flavor with Snowie Brand Original or Natural Concentrate Shaved Ice or Snow Cone Flavors The biggest reason we decided to do a Flavor Friday episode on this subject is because this is one of the most common mistakes done by our customers, especially when they are new to the business. The number one thing you need to pay attention to when going through these instructions is how the Preservative is one of the first products in the jug and Citric Acid is one of the last. You never want to put these products in at the same time. As Callie illustrates in the video, the Citric Acid is not put into the sugar water to create more of a twang in your flavor. It is simply to cause a reaction that will kick off the Preservative. However, if you put these products in your sugar water at the same time, they will simply bind to one another creating a solid like substance that we illustrate on the Snowie Shovel. If you notice this kind of substance floating in your sugar water, then you can be assured your sugar water is not well preserved and you will want to use your product in a timely manner and then wash your jug well to make sure it is good and ready for a truly preserved batch. We will be offering deals every week on the products that we talk about during Flavor Friday. So for this week, we have a deal for you that will go until our next Flavor Friday Episode. You can get a 10% discount on either our liquid or powder Preservative and Citric Acid kits. All you need to do is use the coupon: "Why yes, I am preserved!" See you next week! https://snowie.com/product/preservative-citric-acid-kit/ https://snowie.com/webinar/snowie-webinar-14-making-sugar-water-shaved-ice-flavors/
Views: 3113 Snowie Shaved Ice
How to descale a kettle - with citric acid
How to descale a kettle with citric acid. better than scrubbing, vinegar or lemon juice! Just one tea spoon, boil and boom! Done You can probably pick this up from pretty much any supermarket I would have thought! RØDE VideoMic GO On Camera Microphone - Black/Red: https://www.amazon.co.uk/gp/product/B00GQDORA4/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=twon01-21&camp=1634&creative=6738&linkCode=as2&creativeASIN=B00GQDORA4&linkId=7fd672af408990c965bf93fb71de3e11 Where to purchase the canon 700D camera: https://www.amazon.co.uk/gp/product/B00BYOY9AS/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=twon01-21&camp=1634&creative=6738&linkCode=as2&creativeASIN=B00BYOY9AS&linkId=a0ffa60aaaaa02d005b077ca57d88836 Music: Almost Original (Instrumental) by Joakim Karud http://soundcloud.com/joakimkarud Music provided by Audio Library https://youtu.be/r20_9c0fzGk Ocean by THBD https://soundcloud.com/thbdsultan Creative Commons — Attribution 3.0 Unported— CC BY 3.0 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/b... Music provided by Audio Library https://youtu.be/VAz3HfbdKyQ
Views: 2732 Kingsmokey69
Citric Acid Will Make Your Food Better Because Science
Apple cider vinegar products : https://goo.gl/VouqyW Citric Acid Will Make Your Food Better Because Science
Views: 53 Alan Jackson
Views: 193 TheHouseOfJoseph
Synthesis of Citric Acid
Objective of this assigmnet is to learn about the biological process of production of citric acid-- Created using PowToon -- Free sign up at http://www.powtoon.com/ . Make your own animated videos and animated presentations for free. PowToon is a free tool that allows you to develop cool animated clips and animated presentations for your website, office meeting, sales pitch, nonprofit fundraiser, product launch, video resume, or anything else you could use an animated explainer video. PowToon's animation templates help you create animated presentations and animated explainer videos from scratch. Anyone can produce awesome animations quickly with PowToon, without the cost or hassle other professional animation services require.
Views: 8859 Rosadibah
Krebs cycle / Citric acid cycle / TCA cycle & ATP count   Mnemonic series # 9
Krebs cycle / Citric acid cycle / TCA cycle & ATP count Mnemonic series # 9 The citric acid cycle (also known as the Krebs Cycle or TCA cycle/Tricarboxylic Acid Cycle) is actually a part of the much larger process called cellular respiration, the process where your body harvests energy from the food you eat. Yes, t he citric acid cycle has the same citric acid found in oranges and other citrus fruits! The citric acid cycle is called a cycle because the starting molecule, oxaloacetate (which has 4 carbons), is regenerated at the end of the cycle. Throughout the citric acid cycle, oxaloacetate is progressively transformed into several different molecules (as carbon atoms are added to and removed from it), but at the end of the cycle it always turns back into oxaloacetate to be used again. Energy can be captured from this cycle because several of the steps are energetically favourable. When a step is favoured, it means that the products of the reaction have lower energy than the reactants. The difference in energy between the products and the reactants is the energy that is released when the reaction takes place (see enzyme kinetics). The released energy is captured as the electron shuttles (NAD^\text{+} ​+ ​​ start superscript, plus, end superscript and FAD) are reduced to NADH and FADH_{2} ​2 ​​ start subscript, 2, end subscript . To start the cycle, an enzyme fuses acetyl CoA and oxaloacetate together so that citric acid is formed (a 2-carbon molecule + a 4-carbon molecule = a 6-carbon molecule!). This is the first molecule that is made in the cycle and is where the cycle gets its name. Enzymes then proceed to speed up (or “catalyze”) a sequence of rearrangements that convert the newly made citric acid molecule into a series of slightly different molecules. These enzymes only change the rate that these rearrangements occur, not the outcome. here the products of Citric acid cycle Oxaloacetate citrate isocitrate alpha-keto glutarate succinyl CoA succinate fumarate malate From one citric acid cycle, the following products are formed: 1 GTP 3 NADH 1 FADH_{2} ​2 CO2 ​​ ​​
Views: 17789 Medinaz
Clean as a Whistle Spring Soap {irish clone soap} S3W3
we are reproducing a famous maker's Irish deodorant soap. Supplies needed to make this soap: Citric Acid http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B000OZFECU/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=B000OZFECU&linkCode=as2&tag=soaping101-20&linkId=RJKU3PTR7X4U7XI4 Rosemary Oleoresin Extract http://www.soap-making-resource.com/rosemary-oleoresin.html Oval Silicone Mold http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B00H6XXJXY/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=B00H6XXJXY&linkCode=as2&tag=soaping101-20&linkId=H24AW4VOZ4N6DX7X Cuisinart Stickblender: http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B00ARQVM5O/ref=as_li_ss_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=B00ARQVM5O&linkCode=as2&tag=soaping101-20 Lye: http://goo.gl/dWw81A Soapmaking Oils: http://goo.gl/dWw81A _______________________ Like Soaping101 on facebook: http://www.facebook.com/soaping101 Royalty free music by Kevin MacLeod.
Views: 48430 Soaping101
Using citric acid for rust removal
Citric acid can be bought from drugstore (they use it in jelly or such to adjust acidity) but it is very expensive there. Therefore Finnish rodders buy it from some agriculture-store. It is not expensive. Officially it is used as pigs obstruent! I dipped those parts in citric acid for overnight, next day brushed it with wirebrush and flushed it with water. Then again back to citric acid over night and wirebrushed + flushed it next day. Flushing is important, you'll want to get all acid away, otherwise steel will turn to yellow. You can't use this method on all parts because of hydrogen embrittlement. So no pedals, frames, brake drums, engine blocks or such to citric acid!!! And yeah, parts should be clean -I've cleaned 'em with fuel- because grease will neutralize acid. Ratio was 3% Parts must be dried soon as you get them flushed, I quess you guys know why... Music on the background: Junior Brown; "Sugarfoot Rag" Possibilities to comment this video was removed because answers to most of those questions can be found from this description. Been copy-pasting that text above too many times... Also, too many people don't seem to understand that there are other methods than just media/sand blasting...
Views: 399953 FuelFetish
How to read skin care ingredients| Dr Dray
Emollients soften and smooth skin: coconut oil, jojoba oil, sesame oil, almond oil, other plant oils, squalene, olive oil/oleic acid, cetearyl alcohol, cetyl alcohol , stearic acid, stearyl alcohol Occlusives seal in moisture and create a protective barrier: shea butter, cocoa butter, mineral oil, lanolin, petrolatum, paraffin, beeswax, triethylhexanoin *NB: Occlusive does not mean “pore clogging” Humectants attract water to the skin: glycerin, propylene glycol, sorbitol, sodium PCA, hyaluronic acid, allantoin, urea Surfactants dissolve dirt and oils and are used in cleansers. They also make things feel slippery and glide on easily: sodium laureth sulfate, cocomidopropyl betaine, disodium cocamphodiacetate, ammonium laurel sulfate, polysorbate 85 or polysorbate 60, sodium lauryl sulfate, cocamide DEA Binders and emulsifiers create a stable mixture of different ingredients: butylene glycol (also a humectant), polysorbates, glyceryl stearate (also an emollient and makes things pearly), cetearyl alcohol (emollient tood), cetyl alcohol (emollient too) , stearic acid (surfactant & emollient too), stearyl alcohol (emollient too), PEG or PEG-100 stearate (emollient & surfactant too), Triethanolamine (buffer too), palmitates (emollients too), Ceteareth 20 Texturizes thicken or add slippage to a product, so it can be smoothly applied: alkyl benzoate (also an emollient), carbomer, polymers (PEG or seaweed), dimethicone & cyclomethicone (both silicones that are also emollients), polysorbate 20 & 80 (surfactants too), pentaerythrityl tetraotanoate, caprylic and succinic triglycerides (emollients too), sodium chloride Buffers neutralize acid and balance the pH of a product, making it less irritating: sodium bicarbonate, citric acid, triethanolamine Preservatives kill bacteria and prevent contamination: Tocopherol acetate (vitamin E derivative; emollients and antioxidant), propylene and butylene glycols (humectants), disodium and tetrasodium EDTA, diazolidiyl and imidazolydyl urea, parabens, methyliosthiazolinone, ascorbyl palmitate (vitamin C derivative), benzoic acid, benzyl alcohol Some FAQs: What oils are good for skin? https://youtu.be/CgmffkJNJLY What ingredients clog pores? https://youtu.be/He8vWQp6EDM I am skin type X, what is a good face wash? https://youtu.be/Xwd2heDYy_A Should we avoid SLS? https://youtu.be/cPDDgAXUQTY Do you have a video on skincare for pregnancy? no Fragrance free skin care (good for all skin types) BEST FACE WASH http://amzn.to/2uUf2y3 BEST FACE MOISTURIZER http://amzn.to/2hhRoGS BEST BODY WASH http://amzn.to/2vgTVqw BEST BODY CREAM http://amzn.to/2uPfTQn BEST SHAMPOO http://amzn.to/2uSzBJo BEST CONDITIONER http://amzn.to/2uPF85i BEST HAIR SPRAY http://amzn.to/2f7aIG2 BEST SUNSCREEN (FACE) http://amzn.to/2uPtLdF BEST SUNSCREEN (BODY) http://amzn.to/2hihyta BEST SUNSCREEN (LIPS) http://amzn.to/2hiYhHQ BEST DEODORANT http://amzn.to/2uSNbNa BEST DANDRUFF SHAMPOO http://amzn.to/2vhqhBL BEST LIP BALM http://amzn.to/2uXedD5 BEST SHAVE CREAM http://amzn.to/2vgzxWG COMMON ALLERGENS IN SKIN CARE/COSMETICS Fragrance, methylchloroisiothiazolinone/methyisothiazolinone (MCI), parabens, lanolin, cocamidopropyl betaine, acrylates, antibiotics (neomycin found in Neosporin), tosylamide, paraphenylene diamine (hair dyes), nickel (eyelash curler) Some fragrance names Balsam of peru (myroxylon pereirae) Cinnamic aldehyde Cinnamyl alcohol Hydroxycitronellal Isoeugenol Eugenol Oak moss absolute Oil of Bergamot alpha-amyl cinnamic aldehyde geraniol Linalool Lavender Perfumes Toilet water Colognes Masking perfumes Unscented perfumes Aroma chemicals Essential oils Cassia oil Cinnamon Cloves Citronella Ethylene bassylate Sweet Orange Sweet Basil Citrus Lemon peel Limonene 💜Subscribe! https://goo.gl/GS67rQ 💜Social media Instagram @drdrayzday Facebook @DrDrayzDay Twitter: @drdrayzday 📪Mail: PO Box 542234 Houston, TX 77254 Disclaimer: This video is not intended to provide diagnosis, treatment or medical advice. Content provided on this Youtube channel is for informational purposes only. Please consult with a physician or other healthcare professional regarding any medical or health related diagnosis or treatment options. Information on this Youtube channel should not be considered as a substitute for advice from a healthcare professional. The statements made about specific products throughout this video are not to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent disease.
Views: 48841 Dr Dray
How to remove rust with citric acid
I was happy with the results of citric acid as rust remover. Like and Coment if you enjoyed this video. Citric acid is a weak organic acid that has the chemical formula C6H8O7. More than a million tons of citric acid are manufactured every year. It is used widely as an acidifier, as a flavoring and chelating agent.Although a weak acid, exposure to pure citric acid can cause adverse effects. Inhalation may cause cough, shortness of breath, or sore throat. Over-ingestion may cause abdominal pain and sore throat. Exposure of concentrated solutions to skin and eyes can cause redness and pain.
Views: 217 Epic Ireland
Fermented Citric Acid Market 2018 Growth Drivers, Product Value and Volume Analysis By 2025
Fermented Citric Acid Market report provided the market status, market share, growth rate, future trends, market drivers, opportunities and challenges, risks and entry barriers, sales, distributors and Porter's Five Forces Analysis forecasts to 2025. For More Info:@https://www.reportsnreports.com/reports/1822051-global-fermented-citric-acid-market-insights-forecast-to-2025.html For More Inquiry:@https://www.reportsnreports.com/contacts/inquirybeforebuy.aspx?name=1822051
Views: 2 William lucas
how to grow ergot
this video is protected under fair use copyright law; for informational, educational and research purposes. ergot is isolated on a petri dish then transferred to liquid culture using malt extract agar for the petri dishes and light malt extract (or something similar) for the liquid cultures.. prepare a nutrient medium using malt extract agar.. "Dissolve in distilled water to make 1 liter. Adjust to Ph 4 with ammonium hydroxide solution to increase alkalinity or citric acid to increase acidity. Sterilize nutrient. This medium is placed in cotton-stoppered slants or in covered but not airtight petri dishes and inoculated with ergot. Temperature is maintained at 27°C; pH4 is maintained by periodic testing and adjustment. The culture is allowed to grow for 2 weeks under these conditions. After this time clusters of the fungus will be seen on the surface. 2) Large-Scale Production Construct aerated culture jugs as in the diagram below. http://postimg.org/image/f03fex3ip/ In a blender homogenize the activated ergot with its growing media. Fill all culture jugs 3/4 way with formula given above. Inoculate the jugs with portions of the homogenized active ergot culture. Keep jugs out of bright light at 25°C for 10 days with constant aeration. After 10 days adjust the culture to 1% ethanol by introducing 2 oz of 50/50 ethanol/water solution at injection point. Aeration must be momentarily stopped to do this. As soon as ethanol solution is added reconnect glass tubing to rubber tubing at injection point and resume aeration. Let growth continue for 14 more days. 3) Extraction After the total 24 days growth the culture is made acidic with tartaric acid solution and homogenized in a blender. After 1 hour adjust this to pH9 with ammonium hydroxide solution. Extract in a separation funnel with benzene or 50/50 chloroform/isobutanol. Extract again with alcoholic tartaric acid. Evaporate to dryness under reduced pressure. The dried product is the tartrate salt of the mixed ergot alkaloids. In this form it is fairly stable. It must be converted to the less stable free base before commencing synthesis of LSD-25. To do so adjust to pH9 with ammonium hydroxide, extract in chloroform and evaporate chloroform under reduced pressure." d-lysergic acid diethylamide LSD-25 rye ergot fungus sclerotium Ergine Hypocreaceae ergotamine ergopeptine Claviceps purpurea ; africana (sorghum); paspali ryegrass grass seed d-lysergic acid amide d-lysergamide alkaloid ergoline psychedelic seeds Turbina corymbosa ololiuhqui, Argyreia nervosa Hawaiian baby woodrose Ipomoea tricolor morning glories, tlitliltzin ergine isoergine synthetic synthesis LSA iso-LSA iso-LSD psychedelic Claviceps africana fusiformis paspali purpurea sorghi zizaniae lutea fungus
Views: 94517 Falcorr
DIY Bath Bombs without Citric Acid!
Today's video is about how to make bath bombs without citric acid. Enjoy! These bath bombs are also really great for moisturizing the body!! Tag me on insta with your finished product!!! I will comment and like -Use code lizzyr for 20% off at https://luxbrand.co/ -Use code MiamiGirls for 20% off at https://hotmiamishades.com/ ✔️INSTAGRAM: https://www.instagram.com/elizabethramirez21/ ✔️TWITTER: https://mobile.twitter.com/eliza_rami17 ✔️EMAIL:[email protected]
Views: 65940 Lizzy R
Krebs / citric acid cycle | Cellular respiration | Biology | Khan Academy
Overview of the Krebs or Citric Acid Cycle Watch the next lesson: https://www.khanacademy.org/science/biology/cellular-respiration-and-fermentation/oxidative-phosphorylation/v/oxidative-phosphorylation-and-the-electon-transport-chain?utm_source=YT&utm_medium=Desc&utm_campaign=biology Missed the previous lesson? https://www.khanacademy.org/science/biology/cellular-respiration-and-fermentation/glycolysis/v/glycolysis-overview?utm_source=YT&utm_medium=Desc&utm_campaign=biology Biology on Khan Academy: Life is beautiful! From atoms to cells, from genes to proteins, from populations to ecosystems, biology is the study of the fascinating and intricate systems that make life possible. Dive in to learn more about the many branches of biology and why they are exciting and important. Covers topics seen in a high school or first-year college biology course. About Khan Academy: Khan Academy is a nonprofit with a mission to provide a free, world-class education for anyone, anywhere. We believe learners of all ages should have unlimited access to free educational content they can master at their own pace. We use intelligent software, deep data analytics and intuitive user interfaces to help students and teachers around the world. Our resources cover preschool through early college education, including math, biology, chemistry, physics, economics, finance, history, grammar and more. We offer free personalized SAT test prep in partnership with the test developer, the College Board. Khan Academy has been translated into dozens of languages, and 100 million people use our platform worldwide every year. For more information, visit www.khanacademy.org, join us on Facebook or follow us on Twitter at @khanacademy. And remember, you can learn anything. For free. For everyone. Forever. #YouCanLearnAnything Subscribe to Khan Academy's Biology channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC82qE46vcTn7lP4tK_RHhdg?sub_confirmation=1 Subscribe to Khan Academy: https://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=khanacademy
Views: 3873875 Khan Academy
The Krebs Cycle Overview Animation (Citric Acid or TCA Cycle)
cellular respiration I. Energy flow & chemical cycling a. Autotrophs -- producers i. Solar energy à chemical energy b. Heterotrophs -- consumers i. Live off chemical energy c. Photosynthesis: i. Ingredients: 1. CO2 and H2O ii. Products: 1. Glucose and O2 d. Cellular respiration i. Plants & animals ii. In mitochondria iii. Waste products are ingredients for photosynthesis (& vice-versa) II. Cellular respiration a. Series of reactions that i. Are oxidations ii. Are also dehydrogenations 1. Lost electrons are accompanied by hydrogen ions (protons) b. Therefore, what is actually lost is a hydrogen atom (1 electron, 1 proton) c. Cells harvest energy by breaking bonds and shifting electrons from one molecule to another i. Aerobic respiration - final electron acceptor is oxygen (O) ii. Anaerobic respiration - final electron acceptor is inorganic molecule other than oxygen(N, etc) iii. Fermentation - final electron acceptor is an organic molecule (analogous to ^, no O)(lipid) d. Glucose = fuel e. Many steps f. 1 glucose may = 32 ATP! (usually 30 or so molecules) g. Hydrogen transfer h. Redox reaction (*******KNOW THIS FORMULA on slide pic) i. Glucose is oxidized ii. Oxygen is reduced III. ATP production a. The goal of cellular respiration is to produce ATP i. Energy is released from oxidation reaction in the form of electrons ii. Electrons are shuttled by electron carriers (e.g. NAD+) to an electron transport chain iii. Electron energy is converted to ATP IV. How cells make ATP a. Cells catabolize organic molecules and produce ATP in two ways: i. Substrate-level phosphorylation (transferring phosphate group from a substrate)(see slide) ii. Aerobic respiration V. 4 stages of cellular respiration a. Glycolysis i. Glucose à 2 pyruvate (~half glucoses) ii. 2 ATP iii. 2 NADH (electron carrier) b. Pyruvate oxidation i. 2 NADH c. Krebs cycle (aka citric acid cycle) i. 2 ATP ii. 6 NADH iii. 2 FADH2 d. Electron transport chain VI. Stage 1: glycolysis a. Enzymes found in cytosol b. Priming reactions i. 2 molecules of ATP invested ii. Glucose is phosphorylated twice c. Cleavage reactions i. One 6-carbon glucose broken into two 3-carbon sugar molecules d. Energy-harvesting reactions i. 3-carbon sugars à pyruvate ii. 4 ATP molecules produced directly (2 net ATP) iii. Electrons transferred to 2 NADH VII. Transporting electrons a. Electron path from glucose to oxygen b. Electron acceptors i. Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide = NAD+ 1. NAD+ + 2H+ + 2e- à NADH + H+ ii. Flavin adenine dinucleotide = FAD(only used in Krebs) 1. FAD + 2H+ + 2e- à FADH2 c. Electron transport chain i. Stepwise transfer of electrons from one protein to another 1. Releases small amounts of energy with each transfer VIII. Recycling NADH a. As long as food molecules are available to be converted into glucose, a cell can produce ATP i. Continual ATP production results in accumulation of NADH and NAD+ depletion 1. NADH must be recycled into NAD+ a. With oxygen i. Aerobic respiration b. Without oxygen i. Anaerobic respiration ii. Fermentation IX. Pyruvate oxidation (see slide pic) a. For each pyruvate molecule i. NAD+ reduced to NADH ii. Pyruvate converted to acetic acid(loss of CO2) 1. Acetyl Coenzyme A (Acetyl CoA) a. coenzyme A 'escorts' acetic acid into krebs X. Running totals so far... (SEE SLIDE) a. Stage 3: Krebs cycle b. Occurs in the mitochondria c. Each acetyl CoA bonds to a 4-C "acceptor" molecule to form a 6-C product d. 6-C molecule is i. Oxidized (lose electron) 1. NADH ii. Decarboxylated (loss CO2) 1. CO2 e. 5-C molecule is oxidized & decarboxylated again i. NADH & CO2 f. Some energy used to transfer a phosphate group to an ADP molecule to form ATP directly g. 4-C molecule is oxidized i. NADH ii. FADH2 h. 4-C molecule is recycled XI. Running totals so far... (SEE SLIDE) XII. Harvesting energy a. Series of redox reactions (the steps) i. Release energy ii. Repositioning electrons closer to oxygen atoms XIII. Stage 4: electron transport chain a. NADH & FADH2 transport electrons from food to transport chains b. ETCs use this energy to pump H+ ions across mitochondrial membrane c. O2 pulls those electrons down the chain, causing release of H+ ions d. H+ ions flow into ATP synthase i. Chemiosmosis e. Each pair of electrons brought by NADH i. ~2.5 ATP f. Each pair of electrons brought by FADH2 i. ~1.5 ATP
Views: 37659 Dongem Biology
The Citric Acid Cycle: An Overview
NDSU VCell Production's animation "The Citric Acid Cycle: An Overview". For more information please see http://vcell.ndsu.edu/animations. In the matrix of the mitochondrion, the Citric Acid Cycle uses Acetyl CoA molecules to produce energy through eight chemical reactions. This animation provides an overview of the pathway and its products.
Views: 143624 ndsuvirtualcell
Is Citric Acid Used As A Preservative?
What is citric acid, and it natural? What's the deal with acid? . This weak acid has been used as an additive in processed foods for more than 100 years a preservative, sour flavoring, or emulsifying agent the ph of citric makes it useful preservative. Citric acid is a natural preservative, 1tsp er quart of liquid to preserve the final use chemical preservatives regulated by maximum permitted levels. How to use citric acid as a preservative. Citric acid is a natural found in fruits such as lemons, limes, peaches, plums, grapefruit and oranges. How citric acids preserve food? Quora. Tv articles how to use citric acid as a preservative class "" url? Q webcache. Good & bad preservatives askmen. What fruits have citric acid? It should not be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment acid, preservative, all animal species, safety, efficacy. Aspirin, also known 16 aug 2007 where it's found citric acid is used extensively in soft drinks as a preservative and to enhance flavor. Most commonly used organic acids include citric, succinic, malic, tartaric, citric acid is also to preserve the color of fresh cut fruit or as a pre treatment for frozen and dried (see preservative section). As a food additive or grade product, citric acid is used as flavoring and preservative the most common some of fast ingredients are salt has been for centuries to preserve meats fish 29 jul 2014 when chelating ingredient, it binds metal ions like you may see listed 'natural preservative' foods jan 2012 not. Food preservation how much citric acid to use preserve preservatives food and agriculture organization of the united ingredients used in home penn state extension. It can be used as an anti oxidant that help retard rancidity, but it will also mess with the ph of your product 19 dec 2014 here we explore question is citric acid natural? Calcium hydroxide and sulfuric are often in processing. The use of ascorbic acid as a preservative is not linked to any side effects. Is it good for our health? A silky is citric acid effective as a preservative in homemade mixtures and home canning healthy canningbeverage the most common top 10 point of interest! more questions about preservatives! when should you use preservative? . Since many bacteria are unable to grow in an acidic environment, citric acid is often added jams, jellies, candy, canned foods, and even meat products as a preservative. How to use citric acid as a preservative examples of food additives the sprucewhat you need know about. Googleusercontent search. The acid adds a sour punch to whatever 24 jun 2015 preservatives are divided into three categories antimicrobials, antioxidants and ascorbic. How can citric acid be used for acidity in home canning? 2 is actually when as a technological additive (preservative) all animal species the most commonly acidulant industry. And candies, and act as a preservative antioxidant in creams, fats, mayonnaises, dairy products 10 may 2010 you might ex
Views: 871 Bun Bun 2
The Citric Acid Cycle: The Reactions
NDSU VCell Production's animation "The Citric Acid Cycle: The Reactions". For more information please see http://vcell.ndsu.edu/animations. In the matrix of the mitochondrion, the Citric Acid Cycle uses Acetyl CoA molecules to produce energy through eight chemical reactions. This animation provides a look at the substrates and products for each reaction in the pathway.
Views: 61071 ndsuvirtualcell
Where to find citric acid in Walmart!
Find pure essential oils to add to your recipe containing citric acid here: www.eoilup.com
Views: 200237 YL Vibrant Wellness
Potassium permanganate and citric acid
Hot water plus a bit of potassium permanganate and almost immediate results. Solution changes the color of the color purple. After the addition of citric acid solution after a few minutes of pure again is clear.
Views: 80363 igor30
5 Chemicals That Are in (Almost) Everything You Eat
Discover 5 key chemicals that we use to make our food taste the way it’s supposed to taste, look the way we expect it to look, and generally survive the journey to our tables intact. Hosted by: Michael Aranda ---------- Dooblydoo thanks go to the following Patreon supporters -- we couldn't make SciShow without them! Shout out to Justin Ove, John Szymakowski, Fatima Iqbal, Justin Lentz, David Campos, and Chris Peters. ---------- Like SciShow? Want to help support us, and also get things to put on your walls, cover your torso and hold your liquids? Check out our awesome products over at DFTBA Records: http://dftba.com/scishow Or help support us by becoming our patron on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/scishow ---------- Looking for SciShow elsewhere on the internet? Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/scishow Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/scishow Tumblr: http://scishow.tumblr.com Instagram: http://instagram.com/thescishow Sources: http://articles.chicagotribune.com/1989-03-02/entertainment/8903230478_1_breakfast-cereals-convenience-foods-bht http://www.fda.gov/Food/IngredientsPackagingLabeling/FoodAdditivesIngredients/ucm094211.htm http://www.webmd.com/diet/the-truth-about-seven-common-food-additives http://cspinet.org/reports/chemcuisine.htm#banned_additives http://cspinet.org/new/201405071.html http://www.cnn.com/HEALTH/indepth.food/additives/table.html http://web.archive.org/web/20060818132159/http://www.cfsan.fda.gov/~lrd/colorfac.html http://www.livestrong.com/article/288335-the-most-common-food-preservatives/ http://www.britannica.com/science/emulsifier http://www.webmd.com/diet/the-truth-about-seven-common-food-additives http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2957945/ red dye #5 http://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/compound/6093299#section=Top http://www.tfl.com/web/files/eubanazodyes.pdf http://www.livescience.com/35905-red-dye-no-2-truth.html http://www.ddwcolor.com/colorant/carotenoids/ xanthan gum http://www.accessdata.fda.gov/scripts/cdrh/cfdocs/cfcfr/cfrsearch.cfm?fr=172.695 http://www.fda.gov/ucm/groups/fdagov-public/@fdagov-foods-gen/documents/document/ucm261607.pdf http://www.ift.org/knowledge-center/read-ift-publications/science-reports/scientific-status-summaries/fat-replacers.aspx http://www.foodadditivesworld.com/stabilisers.html carrageenan http://www.fao.org/docrep/006/y4765e/y4765e0a.htm citric acid http://kitchenscience.sci-toys.com/oxidation http://recipes.howstuffworks.com/10-ingredients-fast-food1.htm http://pubs.acs.org/cen/science/8045/8045sci2.html http://www.efsa.europa.eu/en/efsajournal/pub/4009 http://www.drugs.com/inactive/citric-acid-anhydrous-397.html http://foodreference.about.com/od/Food-Additives/a/What-Is-Citric-Acid.htm http://www.fgsc.net/asilomar/citric.html sodium benzoate http://www.fao.org/docrep/V5030e/V5030E0d.htm http://www.fda.gov/Food/FoodborneIllnessContaminants/ChemicalContaminants/ucm055815.htm#table1
Views: 748079 SciShow
RO MEMBRANE CLEANING CITRIC ACID. CSM and Dow Filmtec Reverese osmosis membrane of water filter. Disclaimer : Please flush the membrane more than 2 hours after the process. This video is for education purpose only. you have to take full safety measures for your self. Kindly test the product water for Ph and TDS after cleaning and flushing more than 2 hours. Use of Citric acid in large quantity can be harmful to skin. The Up loader will not be responsible for any thing wrong happens with you. -~-~~-~~~-~~-~- Please watch: "Autoflush For RO - Installation and wiring" https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=g9NVyNGibm4 -~-~~-~~~-~~-~-
Views: 146342 Reviewmaza
Breville 870XL/Barista Express -  Descaling with Dezcal (citric acid)
Trying some Dezcal citric acid descaling powder in my espresso machine. In an earlier video: https://youtu.be/om76cs3_frc I used the white vinegar descaling process described in the Breville owner's manual. This time I thought I would try using a citric acid descaler, so I picked up this Urnex Dezcal descaling powder: http://amzn.to/2lIhCBa MSDS: http://www.cw-usa.com/common/images/other/dezcal-msds.pdf You mix a package of powder (or 1oz/28gm) of citric acid with 1qt/1L of warm water and stir to dissolve. Add that to the machine's tank and run it through using a long press on the one shot brew button. After that is done, run 3 volumes of clean water through to rinse. I found the tank holds about 2qts. so I did 1 tank full, refilled then ran about half that second tank though. On the last of the rinse water, I add a cleaning tablet and adapter to the filter basket and run the cleaning cycle: https://youtu.be/1FTTlwDa36g After that I follow up with wiping down the exterior of the machine: https://youtu.be/P0r_FQp5H2w My take is that this product does a decent job descaling. Some folks are concerned that vinegar might harm internal components and citric acid may be safer. There's no odor like vinegar and as far as storage, 12 pkgs. of this powder takes a fraction of the space that a gal. jug of vinegar would. Cost wise it may be a bit more expensive than vinegar. Both citric acid and vinegar are bio-degradable and safe, they are both used in food products. You can buy citric acid for canning at many grocery stores, although the Dezcal product has some corrosion inhibitors in it to protect aluminum components plus some sulfamic acid. Sulfamic acid and other descaling options: https://scottiestech.info/2009/04/22/descaling-appliances-which-acid-is-best/ http://www.gaggiausersgroup.com/index.php?topic=110.0 Be sure to rate, comment and share. And as always, thanks for watching!
Views: 16216 R Brown
Citric acid + baking soda + water reaction
Delta h- 78.8 Endothermic reaction Citric acid is an acidic and the baking soda is a base Formula- H3C6H5O7 + 3 NaHCO3 --- 3CO2 + 3 H2O + Na3C6H5O7
Views: 86551 logan hughes
Cleaning Agates & Chalcedony, Citric Acid VS Creek Scum
I clean up my chalcedony with everything from warm soapy water to oven cleaner but nothing moves the scum from my rocks... until a lemon proves stronger than I thought 🤣 Check out Kevin Nix’s channel, he helped me identify the spherical rhyolite in this video. He does some amazing things with his rocks, and knows his stuff. https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCXMYs-m5Tt-5__GCC114qIQ
Views: 77889 Rookie Rockhounding
The citric acid by-product mainly referred to as Hydroxycitric
Inside of its rind, there's between 20% and 30% of the citric acid by-product mainly referred to as Hydroxycitric acid (HCA). http://www.healthydailydose.org/utopian-garcinia-cambogia-reviews/
Views: 27 Sameer Kahe
Artificial Fruit Soda Creates Cancer Causing By-Product...and Looks Like Piss
http://truthstreammedia.com/artificial-fruit-drink-creates-cancer-causing-by-product/ On top of the high fructose corn syrup, this imitation fruit beverage risks a known reaction of citric acid and sodium benzoate to create the carcinogen benzene right in the bottle (and the plastic makes it worse). The soda companies and the FDA knew in 1990; the public found out in 2006 that these ingredients were creating a public health hazard no one wants to address. From the American Chemical Society in 1993 - Benzene production from decarboxylation of benzoic acid in the presence of ascorbic acid and a transition-metal catalyst http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/jf00029a001 From 2008 Belgian study - Benzene formation from Sodium/Potassium Benzoate and Citric Acid is worsened by plastic bottle packaging http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/jf072580q 2008: Diet Coke to drop additive in DNA damage fear http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-1021820/Diet-Coke-drop-additive-DNA-damage-fear.html Sodium Benzoate, Artificial Colors & ADHD/Hyperactivity in Children: Key Southampton Study from 2007- Food additives and hyperactive behaviour in 3-year-old and 8/9-year-old children in the community: a randomised, double-blinded, placebo-controlled trial http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140673607613063/abstract
Views: 12841 Truthstream Media
Ahern's BB 350 at OSU - 29. Citric Acid Cycle
Contact me at [email protected] Facebook friend me at https://www.facebook.com/kevin.g.ahern Highlights Citric Acid Cycle 1. The citric acid cycle occurs in mitochondrial matrix. 2. The oxidative decarboxylation of pyruvate, is a reaction that occurs AFTER glycolysis in the mitochondrion, but BEFORE the Citric Acid Cycle. The reaction is catalyzed by the pyruvate dehydrogenase complex, to form acetyl-CoA. Five coenzymes are involved - TPP (thiamine pyrophosphate), NAD, FAD, Coenzyme A, and lipoic acid. TPP carries the decarboxylated two carbon piece to lipoic acid, which is where the oxidation occurs. 3. The cyclic pathway of the citric acid cycle is generally considered to "start" with addition of acetyl-CoA to oxaloacetate (OAA) to form citrate. This first reaction uses energy of the high energy thioester bond to form citrate. Coenzyme A is released. 4. Rearrangement of citrate to isocitrate is catalyzed by aconitase. 5. The first oxidative decarboxylation in the citric acid cycle occurs in the third step, yielding NADH and a five carbon compound, alpha-ketoglutarate. The enzyme is isocitrate dehydrogenase. 6. Oxidative decarboxylation of alpha-ketoglutarate by alpha-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase occurs in the fourth step. The product of the reaction is succinyl-CoA. AlphaKGDH uses the same coenzymes and almost exactly the same mechanism as pyruvate dehydrogenase. 7. The fifth step is the only step where a triphosphate is directly produced (substrate level phosphorylation). GTP is the triphosphate, and coenzyme A is released in the process. This is catalyzed by succinyl-CoA synthetase. 8. Step six involves oxidation of succinate (by FAD, to produce FADH2), catalyzed by succinate dehydrogenase. It is the only enzyme of the cycle not found in the mitochondrial matrix. Instead, it is embedded in the inner mitochondrial membrane. Fumarate is the product. The oxidation reaction that makes fumarate is different in being a reaction where protons and electrons are taken away to make a double bond and for this reason, FAD is needed instead of NAD. 9. Addition of water to the double bond in fumarate yields L-malate in the seventh reaction, catalyzed by fumarase. The eighth step of the citric acid cycle involves oxidation of malate (by NAD+ to produce NADH) to yield oxaloacetate. This reaction is the simple oxidation of an alcohol to a ketone and is catalyzed by malate dehydrogenase. It is unusual in being a rare oxidation that requires input energy. This reaction is "pulled" by the next reaction (first reaction) in which oxaloacetate is made into citrate. Breaking of the bond between acetate and coenzyme A (CoA) releases energy, which drives that reaction forward. 10. Both alphaketoglutarate and oxaloacetate can readily be converted into the amino acids glutamate and aspartate, respectively. Remember from previously that pyruvate can be converted to alanine, as well. 11. The citric acid cycle is called anaplerotic, which means "to fill up" because several of its intermediates are important in other anabolic and catabolic pathways. Alpha-ketoglutarate, for example, can be converted easily to glutamic acid (and vice-versa) and oxaloacetate can be converted to glucose or aspartic acid (and vice-versa). 12. The citric acid cycle is regulated largely at the level of availability of NAD+ and FAD. When these are low in abundance, the pathway slows or stops at the places where NAD+ or FAD are needed. 13. The citric acid cycle plays roles in catabolism AND anabolism. Many amino acids and fatty acids can be converted into molecules that get oxidized in the citric acid cycle. On the other hand, intermediates in the citric acid cycle can readily be converted to amino acids and/or fatty acids. 14. The most important intermediates for conversion between the citric acid cycle and amino acids are oxaloacetate (aspartic acid) and alpha ketoglutarate (glutamate). In addition, pyruvate (not a citric acid cycle intermediate directly) can be converted easily into alanine. Acetyl-CoA, which is a product of fatty acid oxidation, is used in the citric acid cycle.
Views: 1780 Kevin Ahern
Ajent Citric Acid 100% Pure Food Grade Non GMO
I hope you enjoy this video. I would highly recommend this product on: http://amzn.to/2sc5XwZ
Views: 92 Sant
Citric Acid Market Size, Share, Analysis, Trends & Forecast (2018-2025)
The global citric acid market size is projected to be valued at USD 4.34 billion by 2025. Browse full [email protected]://bit.ly/2FUhQ4e A publication on the “Global Citric Acid Market Size 2017 By End-Use (Food & Beverages, Household, Pharmaceuticals, Cosmetics, and Others), By Region And Forecast 2018 To 2025” was launched by Adroit Market Research today. The publication covers the estimates for the global citric acid market size for a period of 11 years, from 2015 to 2025. The report also covers the global citric acid market trends along with a deep dive into key regions and countries. The global citric acid market analysis has been undertaken using tools such as Porter’s Five Forces, import-export and pricing. The report also covers the global citric acid market 2018 trends with an in-depth assessment of drivers, restraints and value chain. Food & beverage was the largest end-use of the citric acid and is projected to account for 61.4% of the global citric acid market 2018 revenues. Furthermore, the segment is also projected to continue dominating the citric acid market with a healthy growth rate over the forecast period. Citric acid is extensively used in non-alcoholic soft drinks where the citric acid content can be as high as 0.5% and as a flavoring agent along with a preservative. Of all categories of beverage sector, soft drinks witnessed significant growth in 2017 and are projected to maintain the momentum in coming years. This is one of the key factors to escalate the citric acid market size. The global citric acid market size is projected to be valued at USD 4.34 billion by 2025 driven by its extensive use in numerous end-use industries such as food & beverages, pharmaceutical, household applications, cosmetics, metal finishing, and industrial applications. The growth of these end-use industries is expected to augment the growth of the global citric acid market between 2018 and 2025. Request sample copy of Citric Acid Market at: https://www.adroitmarketresearch.com/contacts/request-sample/263 Citric acid is also used in dairy products, jellies, jams, and cake fillings to embed a tart-like flavor and to increase the shelf life. The global citric acid market analysis showed that growth in sales of detergents and household cleaning products is also contributing significantly to the sales of the chemical. Changing lifestyle and consumer inclination for easy-to-handle sophisticated products is, in turn, propelling the global citric acid market growth. The global citric acid market trends showed that Asia Pacific is projected to witness remarkable growth in consumption over the forecast period. Strong economic prospects coupled with rising per capita income is responsible for the present boom in the food & beverage industry in Asia Pacific. Food & beverage and household segment are witnessing steady growth across the globe owing to which overall consumption of citric acid is set to rise considerably over the forecast period. Archer Daniels Midland Company, Cargill, Incorporated., Jungbunzlauer Suisse AG, Basel, COFCO, Gadot Biochemical Industries Ltd. are some of the top players of the global citric acid market. Product differentiation is the key strategy presently followed by market players. Key segments of the global citric acid market End Use Overview, 2015-2025 (USD Million) (Kilo Tons) • Food & Beverages • Household • Pharmaceuticals • Cosmetics • Others Regional Overview, 2015-2025 (USD Million) (Kilo Tons) • North America • Europe • Asia Pacific • Central & South America • Middle East & Africa Enquire more details of the report at: https://www.adroitmarketresearch.com/researchreport/purchase/263
#28 Biochemistry Citric Acid Cycle Lecture for Kevin Ahern's BB 451/551
1. Contact me at [email protected] / Friend me on Facebook (kevin.g.ahern) 2. Download my free biochemistry book at http://biochem.science.oregonstate.edu/biochemistry-free-and-easy 3. Take my free iTunes U course at https://itunes.apple.com/us/course/biochemistry/id556410409 4. Check out my free book for pre-meds at http://biochem.science.oregonstate.edu/biochemistry-free-and-easy 5. Course video channel at http://www.youtube.com/user/oharow/videos?view=1 6. Check out all of my free workshops at http://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLlnFrNM93wqyTiCLZKehU1Tp8rNmnOWYB&feature=view_all 7. Check out my Metabolic Melodies at http://www.davincipress.com/metabmelodies.html 8. Take my courses for credit (wherever you live) via OSU's ecampus. For details, see http://ecampus.oregonstate.edu/soc/ecatalog/ecourselist.htm?termcode=all&subject=BB 9. Course materials at http://oregonstate.edu/instruct/bb451 1. Both oxidative decarboxylation (in higher cells) and non-oxidative decarboxylation (in yeast) use an enzymatic activity called the pyryvate dehydrogenase complex to convert pyruvate from glycolysis into acetyl-Coa for the citric acid cycle. This enzyme complex is in the mitochondrion and requires that pyruvate from the cytoplasm be transported to the mitochondrion. This complex includes the following: Pyruvate decarboxylase (your book calls it "Pyruvate Dehydrogenase Component" (E1) Dihyrolipoamide transacetylase (E2) Dihyrolipoamide dehydrogenase (E3) It also uses the coenzymes, Thiamine Pyrophosphate (TPP), Lipoamide, NAD, FAD, and Coenzyme A (also called CoASH or CoA). 2. The mechanism of the reaction catalyzed by the complex is very similar to that catalyzed by the alpha-keto-glutarate dehydrogenase complex of the Citric Acid Cycle. Both involve oxidation of alpha-keto acids. 3. In aerobic higher organisms, the reaction mechanism involves binding of pyruvate by an ionized TPP, decarboxylation, transfer to the lipoamide molecules, linkage of the acetyl group to CoASH to form acetyl-CoA, transfer of the electrons from the oxidation to FAD (forming FADH2) and transfer of electrons from FADH2 to NAD+ to form NADH. 4. In yeast fermentation, the reaction that occurs stops at the decarboxylation step with resolution to form acetealdehyde without loss/gain of electrons (no oxidation/reduction). Thus, enzyme activities E2 and E3 above are not needed in yeast fermentation. Acetaldehye in yeast fermentation is converted to ethanol. Note that when oxygen is present, fermentation in yeast does not occur and activities E2 and E3 catalyze reactions just like animal cells, producing acetyl-CoA. 5. Mitochondria are the "power plants" of the cell and are the places where much oxidation occurs. 6. The citric acid cycle occurs in the mitochondrial matrix (inner portion of mitochondrion) and is found in almost every cell. In the cycle, two carbons are added from acetyl-CoA and two carbons are released as carbon dioxide. 7. Biological oxidations in the citric acid cycle involve NAD+ (reduced to NADH) and FAD (reduced to FADH2). In the citric acid cycle, three NADH and one FADH2 are produced, along with one high energy phosphate (GTP in animals, ATP in plants and bacteria) per acetyl-CoA that enters the cycle (Remember that one molecule of glucose yields two acetyl-CoAs for the cycle). 8. The citric acid cycle consists of two main parts - release of CO2 (first part) and conversion to oxaloacetate (second part). You are NOT responsible for the structures of molecules in the citric acid cycle, but you need to know the names of the intermediates, the number of carbons they contain and the names of the enzymes. 9. In the "first" reaction of the citric acid cycle, citrate synthase catalyzes the joining of the acetyl group from acetyl-CoA to oxaloacetate to make citrate. This reaction is VERY energetically favorable, due to breaking of the thioester bond in acetyl-CoA. The energetically favorable reaction helps to "pull" the relatively unfavorable reaction preceding it. 10. Aconitase catalyzes the rearrangement of citrate to isocitrate. For your information - Aconitase is inhibited by fluorocitrate. Fluoroacetate is a poison that can be used by citrate synthase to make fluorocitrate. 11. The first decarboxylation of the citric acid cycle is catalyzed by isocitrate dehydrogenase and the reaction is strongly favored to the right. The products of this reaction are NADH and alpha ketoglutarate. 12. Alpha ketoglutarate is an important intermediate for its involvement in anaplerotic reactions related to transamination (we'll talk about these later). The mechanism of the enzyme acting on alpha ketoglutarate (alpha ketoglutarate dehydrogenase complex) is virtually identical to the mechanism of action of the pyruvate dehydrogenase complex and involves all of the same coenzymes. The products of this reaction are succinyl-CoA and NADH
Views: 17532 Kevin Ahern
How to Wreck Your Aquaponics System - A Story of Citric Acid and Impatience
Sometimes against my better judgment, I do stupid things. This was one of those times...... If you have been following along with the aquaponics system I have been struggling with pH being too high since the beginning. This has had a negative effect on growth for far too long and I was beginning to get impatient. The results of my actions here are not entirely negative, but far from optimal. It started with my filling the grow beds with the wrong type of rock in the beginning, river rock containing calcium carbonate. This caused the pH to be stuck at 8.2 and no matter what I did (adding vinegar, phosphoric acid, etc) nothing would lower it below that. I then switched out all of the rock with a new type which is pH neutral and that made an impact right away. However, I could still not get the pH to drop much below 8, it would keep bouncing back. I then discovered that my hard water contained high amounts of calcium carbonate and so I added a filter to the auto top-off. This started to make a bigger impact and I was able to get the pH dropped down to 7.5-7.6 over a period of about three months. I had to keep siphoning off water and trying to let the new filtered water slowly replace the hard water over time. Having run this system at a high pH now for about a year I was starting to get impatient. This is where I went wrong. At this same period I was also just getting my new Tilapia added to the system and getting then used to the water conditions. I began looking for something stronger than the vinegar I had been adding to lower the pH and thought that a hydroponics pH down powered should do the trick. It was advertised as a pure phosphoric acid which would add phosphorous to the system and lower the pH. This was going to finally get my into the 6.5-70 range that I wanted to be at and I was excited to get the product and give it a try. I know that changing pH drastically is a bad idea, especially with new baby fish, especially with a full cycled system, especially when I didn't read the label and the pH down power contained Citric Acid! Citric acid is a powerful antibacterial and will kill the needed bacteria that are the heart of the aquaponics system. I started by adding the power one teaspoon at a time every couple of hours and testing the pH. The first day was exciting and I was able to drop the pH to 7, no fish dead, and all water tests looked good. Then I discovered the label with that listed citric acid as a component in this pH down powder. At this point I probably should have stopped using it but I was so close to getting the pH down to 6.5 and thought that if it was only a small component of the pH down product it would probably be ok. The next day I came down to the system to discover dead fish and ammonia levels off the charts. I had killed the bacteria colony and probably all of them. The new fish were struggling to survive and I quickly saved the surviving 17 of 30 and moved them to a small tank away from my stupidity. The silver lining here is that the pH is now at exactly 6.5, however it is going to take weeks if not months for the system to balance back out. Many veteran aquaponics system owners have a similar story to tell and so I thought I would share mine. I hope that this helps someone else out there to be careful and never add anything that contains citric acid! This is proof, even in small amounts it will kill the bacteria! API Freshwater Master Test Kit - http://amzn.to/1xGbMDA All of these products and more recommended items from the SSL Family are available at the Simple Suburban Living General Store - http://astore.amazon.com/simpsubulivi-20 Please check us out at www.simplesuburbanliving.com and follow us on.... http://www.pinterest.com/simplesuburban/ http://www.facebook.com/simplesuburbanliving http://www.twitter.com/simplesuburban5 http://www.instagram.com/simplesuburbanliving
Views: 8054 SSLFamilyDad
Cellular Respiration  Glycolysis, Krebs cycle, Electron Transport 3D Animation
Cellular Respiration Glycolysis, Krebs cycle, Electron Transport Animation Cellular Respiration animation #Respiration #Glycolysis #Krebs_cycle #Electron_transport_chain Please → Like, comment, share and subscribe 👍🏻❤️
Views: 334799 McGraw-Hill Animations
Regulation of citric acid cycle
This biochemistry lecture explains the TCA cycle regulation mechanism. http://shomusbiology.weebly.com/ Download the study materials here- http://shomusbiology.weebly.com/bio-materials.html The regulation of the TCA cycle is largely determined by product inhibition and substrate availability. NADH, a product of all dehydrogenases in the TCA cycle with the exception of succinate dehydrogenase, inhibits pyruvate dehydrogenase, isocitrate dehydrogenase, α-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase, and also citrate synthase. Acetyl-coA inhibits pyruvate dehydrogenase, while succinyl-CoA inhibits alpha-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase and citrate synthase. When tested in vitro with TCA enzymes, ATP inhibits citrate synthase and α-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase; however, ATP levels do not change more than 10% in vivo between rest and vigorous exercise. There is no known allosteric mechanism that can account for large changes in reaction rate from an allosteric effector whose concentration changes less than 10%.[17] Calcium is used as a regulator. It activates pyruvate dehydrogenase phosphatase which in turn activates the pyruvate dehydrogenase complex. Calcium also activates isocitrate dehydrogenase and α-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase.[18] This increases the reaction rate of many of the steps in the cycle, and therefore increases flux throughout the pathway. Citrate is used for feedback inhibition, as it inhibits phosphofructokinase, an enzyme involved in glycolysis that catalyses formation of fructose 1,6-bisphosphate,a precursor of pyruvate. This prevents a constant high rate of flux when there is an accumulation of citrate and a decrease in substrate for the enzyme. Recent work has demonstrated an important link between intermediates of the citric acid cycle and the regulation of hypoxia-inducible factors (HIF). HIF plays a role in the regulation of oxygen homeostasis, and is a transcription factor that targets angiogenesis, vascular remodeling, glucose utilization, iron transport and apoptosis. HIF is synthesized consititutively, and hydroxylation of at least one of two critical proline residues mediates their interaction with the von Hippel Lindau E3 ubiquitin ligase complex, which targets them for rapid degradation. This reaction is catalysed by prolyl 4-hydroxylases. Fumarate and succinate have been identified as potent inhibitors of prolyl hydroxylases, thus leading to the stabilisation of HIF.[19] Source of the article published in description is Wikipedia. I am sharing their material. © by original content developers of Wikipedia. Link- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page
Views: 10845 Shomu's Biology

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