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Oracle Tutorial - is NULL and is NOT NULL
 
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Oracle Tutorials - is NULL and is NOT NULL
Views: 101 Tech Acad
Oracle interview question difference between null functions
 
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Difference between NVL,NVL2, NULLIF and COALESCE NVL function will check whether the first input parameter is null, if first input parameter is null then the function returns the second parameter value as output. NVL2 function will check the first parameter, and return second parameter if the first parameter is not null, otherwise returns third parameter. NULLIF will compare the input parameters ( first and second parameter ), and returns NULL of both are same, otherwise returns the first parameter value. COALESCE, returns the first not null expression in the given input parameters. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- List of all the SQL and PLSQL interview questions https://easy-learning-tech.blogspot.com/p/oracle-sql-plsql-interview-questions.html
Views: 562 Siva Academy
NULL Value in Oracle Database | Oracle Tutorials for Beginners
 
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NULL Value in Oracle Database | Oracle Tutorials for Beginners NULL Value in Oracle Database NULL Value in Oracle SQL NULL Value in SQL NULL Value in Oracle Database Oracle Tutorials for Beginners Oracle Tutorials for Beginners Oracle PL/SQL Tutorials for Beginners Oracle PL/SQL Tutorials for Beginners Oracle PL/SQL Tutorials for Beginners how to select null values in oracle oracle compare null values in where clause null=null in oracle how to handle null in case statement in oracle how to check null value in oracle stored procedure oracle nvl null value in oracle query how to check empty column value in oracle how to select null values in oracle oracle is null vs = null oracle nvl oracle is not null oracle decode oracle isnull oracle case when null select null from table in oracle oracle compare null values in where clause oracle select null how to check empty column value in oracle oracle sql not null or empty oracle is not null how to handle null in case statement in oracle oracle isnull oracle nvl
Views: 630 Oracle PL/SQL World
NOT NULL, DEFAULT, CHECK Constraints (Domain Integrity) in SQL Server
 
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NOT NULL, DEFAULT, CHECK Constraints (Domain Integrity) in SQL Server Check my blog for more on Constraints and related sample SQL Queries: http://sqlwithmanoj.com/2010/11/23/integrity-constraints/ Check the whole "SQL Server Basics" series here: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLU9JMEzjCv14f3cWDhubPaddxRvx1reKR Check my SQL blog at: http://sqlwithmanoj.com/ Check my SQL FB Page at: https://www.facebook.com/sqlwithmanoj
Views: 15290 SQL with Manoj
Differences between ISNULL and NULLIF - sql server interview questions
 
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Hi friends, in this session I am gonna discuss the differences between ISNULL and NULLIF. Both ISNULL and NULLIF are built in system functions in sql server. Lot of people get confused between these 2 system functions. Lets discuss about each of these system functions separately so that you will get better idea. 1st lets discuss about ISNULL. ISNULL: ISNUL is a system function which replaces NULL with the specified replacement value. The functionalityof ISNULL is : 1. 1st it will Evaluate the expression which is in parameter 1. 2. it will compare the evaluated expression with null. if the paramter 1 = NULL ? 3. If parameter1 is equal to null i.e., if parameter 1 is null, then isnull function returns replacement value. if parameter1is not NULL, then ISNULL function returns parameter1 I hope we are clear on ISNULL. Lets move on to the next system function, that is NULLIF. NULLIF: NULLIF is a system function which returns a null value if the two specified expressions are equal. The functionalityof NULLIF is : 1. 1st it will Evaluate both the expression which are in parameter 1 and parameter 2. 2. next it will compare both the evaluated expressions with null. 3. If both the expressions are equal, the nullif functions returns NULL. 4. If both the expressions are not equal, the nullif functions returns 1st expression. Lets conclude the discussion with the similarities and differences between ISNULL and NULLIF Similarities: Both ISNULL and NULLIF are system functions. Syntax for Both the functions are similar Both ISNULL and NULLIF functions accepts 2 input parameters. Differences: isnull function compares 1st parameter with null.where as nullif function compares 1st parameter with 2nd parameter ISNULL function returns 2nd paramter if the 1st parameter isnull. nullif function returns null is 1st parameter = 2nd paramter. ISNULL function returns 1st paramter if the 1st parameter is not null. nullif function returns 1st paramter if 1st parameter is not equal to 2nd paramter. Thanks for watching this video. Bye , Have a good Day
Views: 7613 TheSSScreations
26. IS NULL and IS NOT NULL in SQL (Hindi)
 
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Please Subscribe Channel Like, Share and Comment Visit : www.geekyshows.com
Views: 20938 Geeky Shows
Oracle COALESCE Function
 
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https://www.databasestar.com/oracle-coalesce/ The COALESCE function in Oracle allows you to input one or many values and return a value that is not NULL. You provide it with a series of values, and it returns the first of thsoe values which are not NULL. The syntax of the Oracle COALESCE function is: COALESCE(expr1, expr2 [, expr_n]) These parameters are: Expr1: the first expression to check for a NULL value. If it’s NULL, the function checks the next parameter. If not, then this value is returned. Expr2: the second expression to check for a NULL value, if the first expression is NULL. If this is NULL, then the next expression is checked, otherwise this value is returned. Expr_n: More expressions can be added and checked in case both expr1 and expr2 are null. Only the first two expressions are needed. The first non-NULL expression is returned. But, if all expressions are NULL, then NULL is returned. One way I’ve recently used this was to find out what phone number to display. A query looked at the mobile number and returned that, but if it was NULL it looked at the home phone and returned that, but if that was NULL it looked to the business phone number. That query looked like this: COALESCE(mobile_phone, home_phone, business_phone) For more information about the Oracle COALESCE function, including all of the SQL shown in this video and the examples, read the related article here: https://www.databasestar.com/oracle-coalesce/
Views: 536 Database Star
Oracle Using In , Between and Not تعليم أوراكل
 
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by Mohamed El Desouki - محمد الدسوقى [email protected] Tel :00966 553450836 جامعة سلمان بن عبد العزيز - السعودية - الخرج How to use In , Between and Not. Text Book: Fundamentals of Database Systems, 5th Edition, by Elmasri/Navathe, published by Addison-W oracle create table statement oracle drop table statement oracle constraints database constraints primary key constraint foreign key constraint check constraint null not null constraint unique constraint insert into statement update statement delete statement select statement basic query where clause select where Like '%' Like '_' select where Like select where Between Between , Not Between select where In , Not In
17/125 Oracle PLSQL: Handling Nulls in IF Statement
 
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Learn Oracle PLSQL EXAM 1Z0-144
Views: 1219 khaled alkhudari
SQL tutorial 74: SQL COALESCE Function In oracle Database Manish Sharma
 
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Third tutorial in SQL Null Series. Coalesce Null function with example in oracle Database. ------------------------------------------------------------------------ ►►►LINKS◄◄◄ Blog : http://bit.ly/sql-coalesce Previous Tutorial ► NVL https://youtu.be/aRoTR5Jn6K0 ► NVL2 https://youtu.be/SCwc0HcS1-U ------------------------------------------------------------------------- ►►►Let's Get Free Uber Cab◄◄◄ Use Referral Code UberRebellionRider and get $20 free for your first ride. ------------------------------------------------------------------------- ►►►Help Me In Getting A Job◄◄◄ ►Help Me In Getting A Good Job By Connecting With Me on My LinkedIn and Endorsing My Skills. All My Contact Info is Down Below. You Can Also Refer Me To Your Company Thanks -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ►Make sure you SUBSCRIBE and be the 1st one to see my videos! -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ ►►►Find me on Social Media◄◄◄ Follow What I am up to as it happens on https://twitter.com/rebellionrider https://www.facebook.com/imthebhardwaj http://instagram.com/rebellionrider https://plus.google.com/+Rebellionrider http://in.linkedin.com/in/mannbhardwaj/ http://rebellionrider.tumblr.com/ http://www.pinterest.com/rebellionrider/ You can also Email me at for E-mail address please check About section Please please LIKE and SHARE my videos it makes me happy. Thanks for liking, commenting, sharing and watching more of our videos This is Manish from RebellionRider.com ♥ I LOVE ALL MY VIEWERS AND SUBSCRIBERS
Views: 27165 Manish Sharma
AskTOM TV - not null... I mean *really* not null
 
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A short video to help you understand the "thought process" behind answering AskTom questions. blog: https://connor-mcdonald.com ========================================­­­­============== Copyright © 2017 Oracle and/or its affiliates. Oracle is a registered trademark of Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Other names may be registered trademarks of their respective owners. Oracle disclaims any warranties or representations as to the accuracy or completeness of this recording, demonstration, and/or written materials (the “Materials”). The Materials are provided “as is” without any warranty of any kind, either express or implied, including without limitation warranties or merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, and non-infringement.
Views: 734 Connor McDonald
SQL Null or Empty   How to Check for Null or Empty Column in SQL Server   SQL Training Online
 
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http://www.sqltrainingonline.com SQL Null or Empty - How to Check for Null or Empty Column in SQL Server - SQL Training Online You can download the sample table script at http://www.sqltrainingonline.com/how-to-filter-for-sql-null-or-empty-string/. In this video, I show you how to filter for a SQL null or empty string. It can be difficult to filter a null because you can't simply compare with an equal sign. You have to use a special IS NULL clause to make the filter work. I also show you how to combine both the SQL Null and Empty String together in a special trick with the isnull SQL Server function. I use SQL Server 2012 to demonstrate the technique. Let me know what you think by commenting or sharing on twitter, facebook, google+, etc. If you enjoy the video, please give it a like, comment, or subscribe to my channel. You can visit me at any of the following: SQL Training Online: http://www.sqltrainingonline.com Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/sql_by_joey Google+: https://plus.google.com/#100925239624117719658/posts LinkedIn: http://www.linkedin.com/in/joeyblue Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/sqltrainingonline
Views: 17750 Joey Blue
IS NOT NULL, IS NULL, NVL FUNCTION in oracle sql
 
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Oracle sql tutorial, How to select, retrieve rows with null values, not null values and NVL function in oracle SQL
Oracle SQL Lecture 28: IS NULL and IS NOT NULL
 
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Oracle SQL: IS NULL and IS NOT NULL https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCnBpiBIOtRgMsk4G7Ri1jbQ
Views: 734 Oracle SQL
COALESCE Function in SQL ORACLE Query With Example
 
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ORACLE/PLSQL: COALESCE FUNCTION The Oracle/PLSQL COALESCE function returns the first non-null expression in the list. If all expressions evaluate to null, then the COALESCE function will return null. The syntax for the Oracle/PLSQL COALESCE function is: coalesce( expr1, expr2, ... expr_n ) PARAMETERS: expr1 to expr_n are the expressions to test for non-null values. EXAMPLE: The COALESCE function can be used in Oracle/PLSQL. You could use the coalesce function in a SQL statement as follows: SELECT COALESCE( address1, address2, address3 ) result FROM suppliers; The above COALESCE function is equivalent to the following IF-THEN-ELSE statement: IF address1 is not null THEN result := address1; ELSIF address2 is not null THEN result := address2; ELSIF address3 is not null THEN result := address3; ELSE result := null; END IF; The COALESCE function will compare each value, one by one. Lets apply the same to emp table. We have some NULL values in comm and mgr columns. but not in any other columns. So lets take a example for this 2 columns. COALESCE(comm,mgr,sal) Here if comm is null, function returns mgr value. If mgr is null it returns sal value! Query used in video: SELECT ename,comm,mgr,sal,COALESCE(comm,mgr,sal) result FROM emp;
Views: 6366 WingsOfTechnology
SQL Server 26 - PRIMARY KEY, NOT NULL, UNIQUE
 
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In the last video we created our first table, but I want to give SQL Server some extra information so the database knows more about each of the columns. The first thing is to establish the primary key. To do this all we do is add PRIMARY KEY after the column we want to be the primary key. Simple enough. When we add a constraint right after the column like this, it is often called a column attribute. CREATE TABLE Animals( ID INT PRIMARY KEY, Name VARCHAR(50), Species VARCHAR(50) ); Additionally, if you are using an ID column, it is best to have it labeled as the IDENTITY column. That way, SQL Server will automatically increment the number. CREATE TABLE Animals( ID INT PRIMARY KEY IDENTITY, Name VARCHAR(50), Species VARCHAR(50) ); The other attributes we've discussed in this series are NOT NULL and UNIQUE. We can make the name NOT NULL and the species NOT NULL. We don't have a good column for UNIQUE, so let's add one: CREATE TABLE Animals( ID INT PRIMARY KEY IDENTITY, Name VARCHAR(50) NOT NULL, Species VARCHAR(50) NOT NULL, ContactEmail VARCHAR(50) NOT NULL UNIUQE ); You can see that it is very easy to add multiple column attributes to a column. Just separate them by spaces. The order does not matter. Also, when you say primary key the column is automatically NOT NULL and UNIQUE. There are other attributes you can use including DEFAULT, FOREIGN KEY, and SPARSE. DEFAULT will give a value for a column if you do not put anything in yourself. Foreign keys are used to reference other columns. SPARSE is an attribute we haven't discussed. You can use SPARSE if most of the rows are going to have a NULL for a column and it saves storage space, but we will worry about that in another video. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Support me! http://www.patreon.com/calebcurry Subscribe to my newsletter: http://bit.ly/JoinCCNewsletter Donate!: http://bit.ly/DonateCTVM2. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~Additional Links~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ More content: http://CalebCurry.com Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/CalebTheVideoMaker Google+: https://plus.google.com/+CalebTheVideoMaker2 Twitter: http://twitter.com/calebCurry Amazing Web Hosting - http://bit.ly/ccbluehost (The best web hosting for a cheap price!)
Views: 4851 Caleb Curry
Null: Databases for Developers #10
 
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The null value represents missing or unknown information. But using it brings complications to your SQL. In this video Chris discusses how to work with null to ensure you get the correct results. Further reading: Oracle Database SQL Reference on Nulls: http://docs.oracle.com/database/122/SQLRF/Nulls.htm#SQLRF30037 Null related functions: http://docs.oracle.com/database/122/SQLRF/Single-Row-Functions.htm#SQLRF51187 Is null condition: http://docs.oracle.com/database/122/SQLRF/Null-Conditions.htm#SQLRF52152 Need help with SQL? Ask us over on AskTOM: https://asktom.oracle.com Twitter: https://twitter.com/ChrisRSaxon Daily SQL Twitter tips: https://twitter.com/SQLDaily All Things SQL blog: https://blogs.oracle.com/sql/ ============================ The Magic of SQL with Chris Saxon Copyright © 2015 Oracle and/or its affiliates. Oracle is a registered trademark of Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Other names may be registered trademarks of their respective owners. Oracle disclaims any warranties or representations as to the accuracy or completeness of this recording, demonstration, and/or written materials (the “Materials”). The Materials are provided “as is” without any warranty of any kind, either express or implied, including without limitation warranties or merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, and non-infringement.
Views: 3087 The Magic of SQL
Validation Rule: Is Not Null
 
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Validation Rule: Is Not Null
Views: 8046 Perins Elearning
DYNAMIC SQL WITH EXECUTE IMMEDIATE IN ORACLE PL/SQL WITH EXAMPLE
 
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The audio and video now synced. Ever tried creating a table inside a PL SQL block, or a function or a procedure? If yes, then you would know that it would raise an error, as DDL statements are not allowed inside a PL/SQL Block. So the solution to such a case, where you want to generate tables, or sequences or want to execute any DDL statement on the fly, then use synamic sql. Dynamic SQL statment will allow you to create state statements on the fly and then you can execute them using the execute immediate statement. This video tutorial demonstrates on this topic of using synamic sql with execute immediate in a PL/SQL block.
Views: 4984 Kishan Mashru
Oracle Operators in Oracle Database | Oracle Tutorial for Beginners
 
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Oracle Operators in Oracle Database | Oracle Tutorial for Beginners Oracle Operators BETWEEN AND . NOT BETWEEN AND IS NULL and IS NOT NULL LIKE Operator in Oracle NOT LIKE Operators in Oracle IN and NOT IN Oracle SQL Oracle tutorials for Beginners oracle query between two timestamps oracle between inclusive oracle sql between two dates with time oracle between exclusive sql between dates sql between datetime sql between inclusive or exclusive between clause in oracle for date oracle not in vs not exists oracle not exists in condition in oracle oracle sql not in subquery oracle not in null if not exists in oracle not equal to in oracle not like in oracle how to select null values in oracle oracle case is null oracle compare null values in where clause oracle sql not null or empty oracle is not null oracle case when not null then how to handle null in case statement in oracle is null in oracle not like in oracle with multiple values oracle not like wildcard oracle sql like multiple values if not in oracle pl sql sql query not like multiple values how to pass parameter in like operator in oracle regexp_like in oracle oracle not equal
Views: 394 Oracle PL/SQL World
SQL tutorial 72: NVL SQL NULL function By Manish Sharma RebellionRider
 
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Part 1: SQL Null Function NVL learn the concepts of NVL null function in this tutorial with examples and all the Interview concepts covered ------------------------------------------------------------------------ ►►►LINKS◄◄◄ Blog : http://bit.ly/nvl-sql-null-function Previous Tutorial ► LPAD & RPAD Functions https://youtu.be/nPtbuHPCN6E ------------------------------------------------------------------------- ►►►Let's Get Free Uber Cab◄◄◄ Use Referral Code UberRebellionRider and get $20 free for your first ride. ------------------------------------------------------------------------- ►►►Help Me In Getting A Job◄◄◄ ►Help Me In Getting A Good Job By Connecting With Me on My LinkedIn and Endorsing My Skills. All My Contact Info is Down Below. You Can Also Refer Me To Your Company Thanks ------------------------------------------------------------------------- Copy Cloud referral link || Use this link to join copy cloud and get 20GB of free storage https://copy.com?r=kb4rc1 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ►Make sure you SUBSCRIBE and be the 1st one to see my videos! -------------------------------------------------------------------------- Amazon Wishlist: http://bit.ly/wishlist-amazon ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ ►►►Find me on Social Media◄◄◄ Follow What I am up to as it happens on https://twitter.com/rebellionrider https://www.facebook.com/imthebhardwaj http://instagram.com/rebellionrider https://plus.google.com/+Rebellionrider http://in.linkedin.com/in/mannbhardwaj/ http://rebellionrider.tumblr.com/ http://www.pinterest.com/rebellionrider/ You can also Email me at for E-mail address please check About section Please please LIKE and SHARE my videos it makes me happy. Thanks for liking, commenting, sharing and watching more of our videos This is Manish from RebellionRider.com ♥ I LOVE ALL MY VIEWERS AND SUBSCRIBERS
Views: 25432 Manish Sharma
Oracle SQL Tutorial 19 - ON DELETE (SET NULL and CASCADE)
 
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Welcome everyone! Something you need to consider when you are creating foreign keys is what happens if you delete the parent? As a reminder, the parent is the row that has the value you are referencing in the row that has a foreign key. Why is this something important to consider? It's important because foreign keys need to protect us from two primary things, unacceptable INSERT statements, and unacceptable DELETE statements. Let's see what happens when we try to insert incorrect data into the table with the foreign key: INSERT INTO projects VALUES (1, 'Update website homepage', 'CalebCurry') The response tells us plainly that there is no such user in the users table. So this works correctly. Deleting data on the other hand works a bit differently because the database does not know what you want to do with the child row when you delete the parent from the parent table. By default, we will get an error message that prevents the parent from being deleted, but there are some other options. How do we configure this? This is where the ON DELETE statement comes in. We add the keywords ON DELETE right after the foreign key and then we can give it the option of CASCADE or SET NULL. CASCADE means that if we delete the parent, we are also going to delete the child. In our situation what that means is that if somebody creates a project in our project table and then that persons account gets deleted, all of the projects he owns will also be deleted. CASCADE: CREATE TABLE projects( project_id NUMBER, Project_name VARCHAR2(50 CHAR) UNIQUE, creator VARCHAR2(50 CHAR) NOT NULL, CONSTRAINT projects_pk PRIMARY KEY (project_id), CONSTRAINT projects_users_fk FOREIGN KEY (creator) REFERENCES users (username) ON DELETE CASCADE ) SET NULL will take the value in the child table and get rid of it. What you are left with is NULL. This means that we have an orphaned child. The first thought you might have is that it is a bad thing to have an orphaned child, but in databases that is not always so. In our application if we had it set to SET NULL, when a user account gets deleted the projects would remain in existence they would just lack a creator. This might be a good thing if you are concerned about the long term survival of a project, this might be the route you want to go. It ultimately depends on the application purpose. If you don't like CASCADE or SET NULL, you can leave the entire ON DELETE statement and just have Oracle throw an error when a parent is deleted. As for us, we are going to use ON DELETE CASCADE. We need to use this with extreme caution. If you are not careful, someday you will run a delete a row and that will cascade through you database deleting a bunch of stuff you didn't want to delete. Stuff happens, so make sure you back up your database every once in eternity. Now, in the last video we started with a database design that had three tables. We've only created two in this video. In the next video we are going to create the next one, which is a little special. Then we'll finish things up by adding some indexes. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Support me on Patreon! http://www.patreon.com/calebcurry Subscribe to my newsletter: http://bit.ly/JoinCCNewsletter Donate!: http://bit.ly/DonateCTVM2. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~Additional Links~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ More content: http://CalebCurry.com Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/CalebTheVideoMaker Google+: https://plus.google.com/+CalebTheVideoMaker2 Twitter: http://twitter.com/calebCurry Amazing Web Hosting - http://bit.ly/ccbluehost (The best web hosting for a cheap price!)
Views: 16417 Caleb Curry
PL/SQL tutorial 9: IF THEN ELSE (IF-ELSE) Statement in PL/SQL by Manish Sharma
 
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3rd tutorial in the series explaining IF-THEN-ELSE statement in Oracle PL/SQL with Example. Enjoy ------------------------------------------------------------------------ ►►►LINKS◄◄◄ Blog : http://bit.ly/if-then-else Previous Tutorial ► IF THEN Statement https://youtu.be/IWvuFD6eD30 ------------------------------------------------------------------------- ►►►Let's Get Free Uber Cab◄◄◄ Use Referral Code UberRebellionRider and get $20 free for your first ride. ------------------------------------------------------------------------- ►►►Help Me In Getting A Job◄◄◄ ►Help Me In Getting A Good Job By Connecting With Me on My LinkedIn and Endorsing My Skills. All My Contact Info is Down Below. You Can Also Refer Me To Your Company Thanks ------------------------------------------------------------------------- ►Make sure you SUBSCRIBE and be the 1st one to see my videos! ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ ►►►Find me on Social Media◄◄◄ Follow What I am up to as it happens on https://twitter.com/rebellionrider https://www.facebook.com/imthebhardwaj http://instagram.com/rebellionrider https://plus.google.com/+Rebellionrider http://in.linkedin.com/in/mannbhardwaj/ http://rebellionrider.tumblr.com/ http://www.pinterest.com/rebellionrider/ You can also Email me at for E-mail address please check About section Please please LIKE and SHARE my videos it makes me happy. Thanks for liking, commenting, sharing and watching more of our videos This is Manish from RebellionRider.com ♥ I LOVE ALL MY VIEWERS AND SUBSCRIBERS
Views: 63136 Manish Sharma
Oracle DECODE Function
 
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https://www.databasestar.com/oracle-decode-function/ The Oracle DECODE function lets you perform IF-THEN-ELSE functionality in your queries. It’s similar to a CASE statement. The syntax of the DECODE function is: DECODE ( expression, search, result [, search, result]... [,default] ) The parameters of the Oracle DECODE function are: - expression (mandatory): This is the value to compare. - search (mandatory): This is the value to compare against the expression. - result (mandatory): This is the return value if the search value matches the expression value. There can be multiple combinations of search and result values, and the result value is attached to the previous search value. - default (optional): If none of the search values match, then this value is returned. If this is not provided, the DECODE function will return NULL if no matches are found. If you compare this to an IF-THEN-ELSE statement, it would look like this: IF (expression = search) THEN result [ELSE IF (expression = search) THEN result] ELSE default END IF The parameters can be one of many different data types, and the return type is calculated from them. Earlier I mentioned it’s similar to CASE. So why would you use one and not the other? - DECODE is an older function, and CASE was introduced as a replacement for DECODE. - CASE offers more flexibility then DECODE - CASE is also easier to read and debug (in my opinion) The performance of these functions is the same, so if you’re considering using DECODE, I would suggest using CASE instead. For more information about the Oracle DECODE function, including all of the SQL shown in this video and the examples, read the related article here: https://www.databasestar.com/oracle-decode-function/
Views: 627 Database Star
CTS interview questions on Oracle SQL and PLSQL
 
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Here are the CTS interview questions on SQL and PLSQL. PL/SQL: What are the activities are you doing daily in your project? Tell me ratio's of sql, pl/sql & Unix? Diff b/w primary key & unique key + not null? What is the use of views? If table dropped, then what happen view? What is index? types of indexes? Which functions are not supported to index? What is save point? What is ora-1555? What are the data types available in pl/sql, not in sql? What is the main use of %type,%rowtype? What is cursor? Types of cursors? Diff b/w explicit cursor & for loop cursor? What is exception? Types of exceptions? What is raise_application_error? How many LONG columns are allowed in a table? What cursor type do you use to retrieve multiple record sets? What is normalization ? What is an index and types of indexes. How many number of indexes can be used per table ? how can we find the select statement is indexed or not? What are wait events. Describe the wait event tables. How do u count no of rows in a table? When do we create bitmap indexes sql query to get zero records from a table having n no of records function can return multiple value? how give give sample coding Difference between NVL, NVL2 and NULLIF Name Salary Abc 50000 Abc 50000 xyz 20000, find the max salary using aggregate function? What are the Diff B/W Cursor and REF Cursor What is pragma_exception_init? Diff b/w triggers & procedures? Can you call procedure in select statement? Restrictions in functions? What is the use of packages? How to drop package body only? Can use pragma_autonamous_tranctions in packages? What is bulk collect? What is nullif()? What is mutating error?  What are the module's , you are working Which will fire default first statement level or row level trigger? What is bulk collect? And any restrictions in bulk collect? What is the use of limit clause in bulk collect? How to debug your code? How to trace error handling? How to find which line error was raised? What are the methods there in save exceptions? What is functional based index? Write syntax? In my next video i will be providing you the answers for each on of this questions. For HCL interview question : https://youtu.be/Pf0lRerwF5U For Global Analytics interview questions : https://youtu.be/joRTF8ZhVwg Please subscribe to my channel here for more videos on recent interview questions of MNC companies. https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCofhGV_j_4cVGa9R08MsuXQ thanks to my subscribers !!
Views: 14720 Oracle PL/SQL
Oracle Select Like '% _' With Where Clause تعليم أوراكل
 
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by Mohamed El Desouki - محمد الدسوقى [email protected] Tel :00966 553450836 جامعة سلمان بن عبد العزيز - السعودية - الخرج How to use the Like condition with the Where Clause. البحث عن معلومة غير مكتملة Text Book: Fundamentals of Database Systems, 5th Edition, by Elmasri/Navathe, published by Addison-W oracle create table statement oracle drop table statement oracle constraints database constraints primary key constraint foreign key constraint check constraint null not null constraint unique constraint insert into statement update statement delete statement select statement basic query where clause select where Like '%' Like '_' select where Like
Oracle SQL Tutorial 13 - How to Add Column Constraints (Attributes)
 
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So far, we have this table declaration: CREATE TABLE users( user_id NUMBER, username VARCHAR(50 CHAR) first_name VARCHAR2(50 CHAR), last_name VARCHAR2(50 CHAR) ) We can run this command see that it works. As we are learning though, we are going to want to be able to recreate our table with different settings and such, but if you try to run this command, it will complain that the table already exists. So we first need to delete this table before we start editing settings. When we get more experienced, we will learn about ways to edit the structure of a table that already exists. To fix this, we can get rid of the table using the DROP TABLE command: DROP TABLE users You can run this every time if you need to practice by adding a semicolon after it. This is how you can tell Oracle that you are putting in another command after it. This is known as a delimiter. When you run the script, it is going to run both commands. Now we can go through and reconsider our table structure. This is fine for starting out because we don't have any important data in our database, but once your database is in production you are not going to want to just drop tables. In the last video we discussed different constraints that you can apply to columns in a database table, but how do you actually apply these when you are creating a table? The first way you define constraints is to put them right after the column in your CREATE TABLE statement. CREATE TABLE users( username VARCHAR2(50 CHAR) NOT NULL ) When we define constraints this way, we usually say we are adding column attributes. If you have two constraints you want to add, you just put one after the other with spaces in between. There is no particular order that is required. CREATE TABLE users( username VARCHAR2(50 CHAR) NOT NULL UNIQUE ) In this situation we have already given the column the NOT NULL and UNIQUE attributes, so we should consider making this a primary key: CREATE TABLE users( username VARCHAR2(50 CHAR) PRIMARY KEY ) As you can see, adding column attributes is super easy. We can add a default like this: CREATE TABLE users( username VARCHAR2(50 CHAR) PRIMARY KEY, account_balance NUMBER DEFAULT 0 ) Note that now we need the comma after the first row. There are a few constraints we did not talk go through an example, specifically foreign keys and check constraints. We will be adding these constraints to our database in future videos. In the mean time, I have a thought for you… Many people prefer to name their column constraints. That way, we can refer to certain constraints by name. For example, we might have a primary key constraint that could be named users_pk. The way we are creating these constraints does not allow for this feature, so in the next video we are going to be discussing different ways to create constraints. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Support me on Patreon! http://www.patreon.com/calebcurry Subscribe to my newsletter: http://bit.ly/JoinCCNewsletter Donate!: http://bit.ly/DonateCTVM2. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~Additional Links~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ More content: http://CalebCurry.com Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/CalebTheVideoMaker Google+: https://plus.google.com/+CalebTheVideoMaker2 Twitter: http://twitter.com/calebCurry Amazing Web Hosting - http://bit.ly/ccbluehost (The best web hosting for a cheap price!)
Views: 21250 Caleb Curry
Tutorial#27 How  NULL value treated in Oracle SQL Database|IS NULL Operator
 
04:27
Online SQL tutorial , explaining about the different ways to treats NULL values in Oracle SQL server or How we can replace null values with some other values using IS NULL Operator or Different ways to replace NULL in SQL server IS NULL and IS NOT NULL in SQL or IS NULL Operator in SQL Query with Example orHow to Check for Null or Empty Column in SQL or Problems with Null Value in SQL or is NOT NULL, IS NULL, NVL FUNCTION in Oracle SQL or How can I find unknown values? orHow to convert null to 0 in SQL server orNull value in Oracle or replacing NULL in SQL In this series we cover the following topics: SQL basics, create table oracle, SQL functions, SQL queries, SQL server, SQL developer installation, Oracle database installation, SQL Statement, OCA, Data Types, Types of data types, SQL Logical Operator, SQL Function,Join- Inner Join, Outer join, right outer join, left outer join, full outer join, self-join, cross join, View, SubQuery, Set Operator. follow me on: Facebook Page: https://www.facebook.com/LrnWthr-319371861902642/?ref=bookmarks Contacts Email: [email protected] Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/lrnwthr/ Twitter: https://twitter.com/LrnWthR
Views: 104 EqualConnect Coach
Oracle Database | Bangla Tutorials 23 :: Constraint Not null
 
01:33
www.facebook.com/oracle.shohag Email : [email protected] Website : www.oraclebangla.com Topics : Constraint Not null
Views: 951 Oracle Bangla
SQL: Check Constraint
 
05:11
In this tutorial, you'll learn how to make use of check constraint. PL/SQL (Procedural Language/Structured Query Language) is Oracle Corporation's procedural extension for SQL and the Oracle relational database. PL/SQL is available in Oracle Database (since version 7), TimesTen in-memory database (since version 11.2.1), and IBM DB2 (since version 9.7).[1] Oracle Corporation usually extends PL/SQL functionality with each successive release of the Oracle Database. PL/SQL includes procedural language elements such as conditions and loops. It allows declaration of constants and variables, procedures and functions, types and variables of those types, and triggers. It can handle exceptions (runtime errors). Arrays are supported involving the use of PL/SQL collections. Implementations from version 8 of Oracle Database onwards have included features associated with object-orientation. One can create PL/SQL units such as procedures, functions, packages, types, and triggers, which are stored in the database for reuse by applications that use any of the Oracle Database programmatic interfaces. PL/SQL works analogously to the embedded procedural languages associated with other relational databases. For example, Sybase ASE and Microsoft SQL Server have Transact-SQL, PostgreSQL has PL/pgSQL (which emulates PL/SQL to an extent), and IBM DB2 includes SQL Procedural Language,[2] which conforms to the ISO SQL’s SQL/PSM standard. The designers of PL/SQL modeled its syntax on that of Ada. Both Ada and PL/SQL have Pascal as a common ancestor, and so PL/SQL also resembles Pascal in several aspects. However, the structure of a PL/SQL package does not resemble the basic Object Pascal program structure as implemented by a Borland Delphi or Free Pascal unit. Programmers can define public and private global data-types, constants and static variables in a PL/SQL package.[3] PL/SQL also allows for the definition of classes and instantiating these as objects in PL/SQL code. This resembles usage in object-oriented programming languages like Object Pascal, C++ and Java. PL/SQL refers to a class as an "Abstract Data Type" (ADT) or "User Defined Type" (UDT), and defines it as an Oracle SQL data-type as opposed to a PL/SQL user-defined type, allowing its use in both the Oracle SQL Engine and the Oracle PL/SQL engine. The constructor and methods of an Abstract Data Type are written in PL/SQL. The resulting Abstract Data Type can operate as an object class in PL/SQL. Such objects can also persist as column values in Oracle database tables. PL/SQL is fundamentally distinct from Transact-SQL, despite superficial similarities. Porting code from one to the other usually involves non-trivial work, not only due to the differences in the feature sets of the two languages,[4] but also due to the very significant differences in the way Oracle and SQL Server deal with concurrency and locking. There are software tools available that claim to facilitate porting including Oracle Translation Scratch Editor,[5] CEITON MSSQL/Oracle Compiler [6] and SwisSQL.[7] The StepSqlite product is a PL/SQL compiler for the popular small database SQLite. PL/SQL Program Unit A PL/SQL program unit is one of the following: PL/SQL anonymous block, procedure, function, package specification, package body, trigger, type specification, type body, library. Program units are the PL/SQL source code that is compiled, developed and ultimately executed on the database. The basic unit of a PL/SQL source program is the block, which groups together related declarations and statements. A PL/SQL block is defined by the keywords DECLARE, BEGIN, EXCEPTION, and END. These keywords divide the block into a declarative part, an executable part, and an exception-handling part. The declaration section is optional and may be used to define and initialize constants and variables. If a variable is not initialized then it defaults to NULL value. The optional exception-handling part is used to handle run time errors. Only the executable part is required. A block can have a label. Package Packages are groups of conceptually linked functions, procedures, variables, PL/SQL table and record TYPE statements, constants, cursors etc. The use of packages promotes re-use of code. Packages are composed of the package specification and an optional package body. The specification is the interface to the application; it declares the types, variables, constants, exceptions, cursors, and subprograms available. The body fully defines cursors and subprograms, and so implements the specification. Two advantages of packages are: Modular approach, encapsulation/hiding of business logic, security, performance improvement, re-usability. They support object-oriented programming features like function overloading and encapsulation. Using package variables one can declare session level (scoped) variables, since variables declared in the package specification have a session scope.
Views: 12723 radhikaravikumar
Tutorial 44 : NULL in Oracle || NVL() Explained
 
04:09
Hi Friends! Here we are learning about what is NULL in Oracle. How we can deal with NULL Values. How NVL() Function helps us with NULL Value. Hope the concept and example would be clear to you. For any help or issue, let me know in comment box. Thanks, Happy Coding.
Views: 88 YourSmartCode
SQL: Default Constraint
 
04:17
In this tutorial, you'll learn how to make use of default constraint PL/SQL (Procedural Language/Structured Query Language) is Oracle Corporation's procedural extension for SQL and the Oracle relational database. PL/SQL is available in Oracle Database (since version 7), TimesTen in-memory database (since version 11.2.1), and IBM DB2 (since version 9.7).[1] Oracle Corporation usually extends PL/SQL functionality with each successive release of the Oracle Database. PL/SQL includes procedural language elements such as conditions and loops. It allows declaration of constants and variables, procedures and functions, types and variables of those types, and triggers. It can handle exceptions (runtime errors). Arrays are supported involving the use of PL/SQL collections. Implementations from version 8 of Oracle Database onwards have included features associated with object-orientation. One can create PL/SQL units such as procedures, functions, packages, types, and triggers, which are stored in the database for reuse by applications that use any of the Oracle Database programmatic interfaces. PL/SQL works analogously to the embedded procedural languages associated with other relational databases. For example, Sybase ASE and Microsoft SQL Server have Transact-SQL, PostgreSQL has PL/pgSQL (which emulates PL/SQL to an extent), and IBM DB2 includes SQL Procedural Language,[2] which conforms to the ISO SQL’s SQL/PSM standard. The designers of PL/SQL modeled its syntax on that of Ada. Both Ada and PL/SQL have Pascal as a common ancestor, and so PL/SQL also resembles Pascal in several aspects. However, the structure of a PL/SQL package does not resemble the basic Object Pascal program structure as implemented by a Borland Delphi or Free Pascal unit. Programmers can define public and private global data-types, constants and static variables in a PL/SQL package.[3] PL/SQL also allows for the definition of classes and instantiating these as objects in PL/SQL code. This resembles usage in object-oriented programming languages like Object Pascal, C++ and Java. PL/SQL refers to a class as an "Abstract Data Type" (ADT) or "User Defined Type" (UDT), and defines it as an Oracle SQL data-type as opposed to a PL/SQL user-defined type, allowing its use in both the Oracle SQL Engine and the Oracle PL/SQL engine. The constructor and methods of an Abstract Data Type are written in PL/SQL. The resulting Abstract Data Type can operate as an object class in PL/SQL. Such objects can also persist as column values in Oracle database tables. PL/SQL is fundamentally distinct from Transact-SQL, despite superficial similarities. Porting code from one to the other usually involves non-trivial work, not only due to the differences in the feature sets of the two languages,[4] but also due to the very significant differences in the way Oracle and SQL Server deal with concurrency and locking. There are software tools available that claim to facilitate porting including Oracle Translation Scratch Editor,[5] CEITON MSSQL/Oracle Compiler [6] and SwisSQL.[7] The StepSqlite product is a PL/SQL compiler for the popular small database SQLite. PL/SQL Program Unit A PL/SQL program unit is one of the following: PL/SQL anonymous block, procedure, function, package specification, package body, trigger, type specification, type body, library. Program units are the PL/SQL source code that is compiled, developed and ultimately executed on the database. The basic unit of a PL/SQL source program is the block, which groups together related declarations and statements. A PL/SQL block is defined by the keywords DECLARE, BEGIN, EXCEPTION, and END. These keywords divide the block into a declarative part, an executable part, and an exception-handling part. The declaration section is optional and may be used to define and initialize constants and variables. If a variable is not initialized then it defaults to NULL value. The optional exception-handling part is used to handle run time errors. Only the executable part is required. A block can have a label. Package Packages are groups of conceptually linked functions, procedures, variables, PL/SQL table and record TYPE statements, constants, cursors etc. The use of packages promotes re-use of code. Packages are composed of the package specification and an optional package body. The specification is the interface to the application; it declares the types, variables, constants, exceptions, cursors, and subprograms available. The body fully defines cursors and subprograms, and so implements the specification. Two advantages of packages are: Modular approach, encapsulation/hiding of business logic, security, performance improvement, re-usability. They support object-oriented programming features like function overloading and encapsulation. Using package variables one can declare session level (scoped) variables, since variables declared in the package specification have a session scope.
Views: 6038 radhikaravikumar
Oracle SQL Tutorial 20 - How to Create Composite Primary Keys
 
07:02
This video is going to be a tutorial on how to create composite and compound keys. The difference between a composite and compound key is that a composite key can consist of any columns while a compound key has to consist of columns that are all keys themselves. We will be working with a compound key because we are going to be using the an intermediary table that has two foreign keys. The combination of both of the keys have to be unique. First, if we have any other CREATE TABLE commands, we are going to comment those out. We will space out the CREATE TABLE to have each column on a line, then we will add constraints as needed. CREATE TABLE project_users( project_id, user_id ) Now, let's add the data types: CREATE TABLE project_users( project_id NUMBER, user_id NUMBER } Now, what about some column attributes? I'm going to make both of the columns NOT NULL because we always want the rows to have a user and a project: CREATE TABLE project_users( project_id NUMBER NOT NULL, user_id NUMBER NOT NULL } Now, let's add the foreign key constraints. Now, what do we name these? We are going to add a primary key that covers both of these columns, so I'm going to be a sinner and not give these constraints names: CREATE TABLE project_users( project_id NUMBER NOT NULL REFERENCES projects (project_id), user_id NUMBER NOT NULL REFFERENCES users (user_id) ) Now, the way we have it now is that if we delete a project in the project table, and there are any rows in the project_users table, it will throw an error and prevent deletion. I would prefer for it to also delete any project members. That would make sense because if you delete a project we want it to delete the associate between that project and certain users. The same goes for if we delete a user, we want their association with a certain project to be deleted. To do this, we need to add the ON DELETE command: CREATE TABLE project_users( project_id NUMBER NOT NULL REFERENCES projects (project_id) ON DELETE CASCADE, user_id NUMBER NOT NULL REFERENCES users (user_id) ON DELETE CASCADE, ) Finally, let's learn how to create a compound or composite key. literally, the only difference is that you put a comma and add the second table inside of the parenthesis. CREATE TABLE project_users( project_id NUMBER NOT NULL REFERENCES projects (project_id) ON DELETE CASCADE, user_id NUMBER NOT NULL REFERENCES users (user_id) ON DELETE CASCADE, CONSTRAINT project_users_pk PRIMARY KEY (project_id, user_id) ) Now, the combination of project_id and user_id cannot be null, is always unique, and has an index. The only thing we should do now is add a few indexes. We aren't done yet...In the next video we are going to figure out what columns would benefit from indexes and we'll add them to it. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ HELP ME! http://www.patreon.com/calebcurry Subscribe to my newsletter: http://bit.ly/JoinCCNewsletter Donate!: http://bit.ly/DonateCTVM2. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~Additional Links~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ More content: http://CalebCurry.com Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/CalebTheVideoMaker Google+: https://plus.google.com/+CalebTheVideoMaker2 Twitter: http://twitter.com/calebCurry Amazing Web Hosting - http://bit.ly/ccbluehost (The best web hosting for a cheap price!)
Views: 11220 Caleb Curry
Replace Null Value and Coalesce function in SQL Hindi Lesson 33
 
09:05
In this video we will learn how to replace null value using Isnull function, Coalesce function and case statement.
Views: 937 Vijay Mulsaniya
SQL Tutorial for beginners What is Coalesce Function in Oracle
 
05:10
What is Coalesce Function in Oracle How to Get First Not Null Record in SQL Coalesce function is using for to get first not null expression from list of arguments. SQL Tutorial SQL Tutorial for beginners PLSQL Tutorial PLSQL Tutorial for beginners PL/SQL Tutorial PL SQL Tutorial PL SQL Tutorial for beginners PL/SQL Tutorial for beginners Oracle SQL Tutorial
Views: 230 TechLake
Dynamic SQL in Stored Procedure
 
09:32
In this video we will discuss, using dynamic sql in a stored procedure and it's implications from sql injection perspective. We will discuss performance implications of using dynamic sql in a stored procedure in a later video. Text version of the video http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2017/04/dynamic-sql-in-stored-procedure.html Slides http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2017/04/dynamic-sql-in-stored-procedure_11.html All SQL Server Text Articles http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/p/free-sql-server-video-tutorials-for.html All SQL Server Slides http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/p/sql-server.html All SQL Server Tutorial Videos https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL08903FB7ACA1C2FB All Dot Net and SQL Server Tutorials in English https://www.youtube.com/user/kudvenkat/playlists?view=1&sort=dd All Dot Net and SQL Server Tutorials in Arabic https://www.youtube.com/c/KudvenkatArabic/playlists Consider the following stored procedure "spSearchEmployees". We implemented this procedure in Part 139 of SQL Server tutorial. This stored procedure does not have any dynamic sql in it. It is all static sql and is immune to sql injection. Create Procedure spSearchEmployees @FirstName nvarchar(100) = NULL, @LastName nvarchar(100) = NULL, @Gender nvarchar(50) = NULL, @Salary int = NULL As Begin Select * from Employees where (FirstName = @FirstName OR @FirstName IS NULL) AND (LastName = @LastName OR @LastName IS NULL) AND (Gender = @Gender OR @Gender IS NULL) AND (Salary = @Salary OR @Salary IS NULL) End Go Whether you are creating your dynamic sql queries in a client application like ASP.NET web application or in a stored procedure, you should never ever concatenate user input values. Instead you should be using parameters. Notice in the following example, we are creating dynamic sql queries by concatenating parameter values, instead of using parameterized queries. This stored procedure is prone to SQL injection. Let's prove this by creating a "Search Page" that calls this procedure. Create Procedure spSearchEmployeesBadDynamicSQL @FirstName nvarchar(100) = NULL, @LastName nvarchar(100) = NULL, @Gender nvarchar(50) = NULL, @Salary int = NULL As Begin Declare @sql nvarchar(max) Set @sql = 'Select * from Employees where 1 = 1' if(@FirstName is not null) Set @sql = @sql + ' and FirstName=''' + @FirstName + '''' if(@LastName is not null) Set @sql = @sql + ' and LastName=''' + @LastName + '''' if(@Gender is not null) Set @sql = @sql + ' and Gender=''' + @Gender + '''' if(@Salary is not null) Set @sql = @sql + ' and Salary=''' + @Salary + '''' Execute sp_executesql @sql End Go Add a Web Page to the project that we have been working with in our previous video. Name it "DynamicSQLInStoredProcedure.aspx". Copy and paste the HTML and code available on my blog at the following link http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2017/04/dynamic-sql-in-stored-procedure.html At this point, run the application and type the following text in the "Firsname" text and click "Search" button. Notice "SalesDB" database is dropped. Our application is prone to SQL injection as we have implemented dynamic sql in our stored procedure by concatenating strings instead of using parameters. ' Drop database SalesDB -- In the following stored procedure we have implemented dynamic sql by using parameters, so this is not prone to sql injecttion. This is an example for good dynamic sql implementation. Create Procedure spSearchEmployeesGoodDynamicSQL @FirstName nvarchar(100) = NULL, @LastName nvarchar(100) = NULL, @Gender nvarchar(50) = NULL, @Salary int = NULL As Begin Declare @sql nvarchar(max) Declare @sqlParams nvarchar(max) Set @sql = 'Select * from Employees where 1 = 1' if(@FirstName is not null) Set @sql = @sql + ' and [email protected]' if(@LastName is not null) Set @sql = @sql + ' and [email protected]' if(@Gender is not null) Set @sql = @sql + ' and [email protected]' if(@Salary is not null) Set @sql = @sql + ' and [email protected]' Execute sp_executesql @sql, N'@FN nvarchar(50), @LN nvarchar(50), @Gen nvarchar(50), @sal int', @[email protected], @[email protected], @[email protected], @[email protected] End Go On the code-behind page, use stored procedure spSearchEmployeesGoodDynamicSQL instead of spSearchEmployeesBadDynamicSQL. We do not have to change any other code. At this point run the application one more time and type the following text in the "Firstname" textbox and click the "Search" button. ' Drop database SalesDB -- Notice "SalesDB" database is not dropped, So in this case our application is not succeptible to SQL injection attack. Summary : Whether you are creating dynamic sql in a client application (like a web application) or in a stored procedure always use parameters instead of concatnating strings. Using parameters to create dynamic sql statements prevents sql injection.
Views: 32953 kudvenkat
SQL: WITH Clause
 
06:11
In this tutorial, you'll learn will learn how to use with clause PL/SQL (Procedural Language/Structured Query Language) is Oracle Corporation's procedural extension for SQL and the Oracle relational database. PL/SQL is available in Oracle Database (since version 7), TimesTen in-memory database (since version 11.2.1), and IBM DB2 (since version 9.7).[1] Oracle Corporation usually extends PL/SQL functionality with each successive release of the Oracle Database. PL/SQL includes procedural language elements such as conditions and loops. It allows declaration of constants and variables, procedures and functions, types and variables of those types, and triggers. It can handle exceptions (runtime errors). Arrays are supported involving the use of PL/SQL collections. Implementations from version 8 of Oracle Database onwards have included features associated with object-orientation. One can create PL/SQL units such as procedures, functions, packages, types, and triggers, which are stored in the database for reuse by applications that use any of the Oracle Database programmatic interfaces. PL/SQL works analogously to the embedded procedural languages associated with other relational databases. For example, Sybase ASE and Microsoft SQL Server have Transact-SQL, PostgreSQL has PL/pgSQL (which emulates PL/SQL to an extent), and IBM DB2 includes SQL Procedural Language,[2] which conforms to the ISO SQL’s SQL/PSM standard. The designers of PL/SQL modeled its syntax on that of Ada. Both Ada and PL/SQL have Pascal as a common ancestor, and so PL/SQL also resembles Pascal in several aspects. However, the structure of a PL/SQL package does not resemble the basic Object Pascal program structure as implemented by a Borland Delphi or Free Pascal unit. Programmers can define public and private global data-types, constants and static variables in a PL/SQL package.[3] PL/SQL also allows for the definition of classes and instantiating these as objects in PL/SQL code. This resembles usage in object-oriented programming languages like Object Pascal, C++ and Java. PL/SQL refers to a class as an "Abstract Data Type" (ADT) or "User Defined Type" (UDT), and defines it as an Oracle SQL data-type as opposed to a PL/SQL user-defined type, allowing its use in both the Oracle SQL Engine and the Oracle PL/SQL engine. The constructor and methods of an Abstract Data Type are written in PL/SQL. The resulting Abstract Data Type can operate as an object class in PL/SQL. Such objects can also persist as column values in Oracle database tables. PL/SQL is fundamentally distinct from Transact-SQL, despite superficial similarities. Porting code from one to the other usually involves non-trivial work, not only due to the differences in the feature sets of the two languages,[4] but also due to the very significant differences in the way Oracle and SQL Server deal with concurrency and locking. There are software tools available that claim to facilitate porting including Oracle Translation Scratch Editor,[5] CEITON MSSQL/Oracle Compiler [6] and SwisSQL.[7] The StepSqlite product is a PL/SQL compiler for the popular small database SQLite. PL/SQL Program Unit A PL/SQL program unit is one of the following: PL/SQL anonymous block, procedure, function, package specification, package body, trigger, type specification, type body, library. Program units are the PL/SQL source code that is compiled, developed and ultimately executed on the database. The basic unit of a PL/SQL source program is the block, which groups together related declarations and statements. A PL/SQL block is defined by the keywords DECLARE, BEGIN, EXCEPTION, and END. These keywords divide the block into a declarative part, an executable part, and an exception-handling part. The declaration section is optional and may be used to define and initialize constants and variables. If a variable is not initialized then it defaults to NULL value. The optional exception-handling part is used to handle run time errors. Only the executable part is required. A block can have a label. Package Packages are groups of conceptually linked functions, procedures, variables, PL/SQL table and record TYPE statements, constants, cursors etc. The use of packages promotes re-use of code. Packages are composed of the package specification and an optional package body. The specification is the interface to the application; it declares the types, variables, constants, exceptions, cursors, and subprograms available. The body fully defines cursors and subprograms, and so implements the specification. Two advantages of packages are: Modular approach, encapsulation/hiding of business logic, security, performance improvement, re-usability. They support object-oriented programming features like function overloading and encapsulation. Using package variables one can declare session level (scoped) variables, since variables declared in the package specification have a session scope.
Views: 13938 radhikaravikumar
SQL with Oracle 10g XE - Using ALTER TABLE to Modify Table Columns
 
05:23
In this video I use the ALTER TABLE command to modify an existing field column. The command will allow you to change the data types, whether the field can be null, or even the primary key. When using the ALTER TABLE command you would use the keyword MODIFY to make changes to an existing column. Be careful when changing a data type of the null field as existing data may cause an error if not in compliance with the new change. The code I used to alter the Books table is : ALTER TABLE BOOKS MODIFY ISBN_10 VARCHAR(13); This video is part of a series of videos with the purpose of learning the SQL language. For more information visit Lecture Snippets at http://lecturesnippets.com.
Views: 15908 Lecture Snippets
Oracle Forms | How To Set Calendar With Jar File & Dynamic Date | Bangla (17 )
 
17:43
Oracle Forms | How To Set Calendar With Jar File & Dynamic Date To See More Forms Tutorial Click here https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Zsu4CWo_vwk&list=PLXXvCMuixAJU3Ap_FE2zSEBicv8IC5kDU To See More Reports Tutorial Click here https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=y_0f_iILlmY&list=PLXXvCMuixAJUfU4ZISmPtHrmKe5qRvyVY Dear viewer, In this video you will learn how to set easily CALENDAR at run time in Oracle forms & Show SYSDATE at run time. CODE FOR FUNCTION: FUNCTION custitemevent RETURN date IS hBeanEventDetails ParamList; eventName varchar2(80); paramType number; eventType varchar2(80); newDateVal varchar2(80); newDate date := null; begin hBeanEventDetails := get_parameter_list(:system.custom_item_event_parameters); eventName := :system.custom_item_event; if(eventName = 'DateChange') then get_parameter_attr(hBeanEventDetails, 'DateValue', ParamType, newDateVal); newDate := to_date(newDateVal,'DD.MM.RRRR'); -- else -- MsgBox.show(MsgBox.STOP_ALERT,'Uknown event received - ' || eventName); end if; return newDate; end; CODE FOR TRIGGER: declare newdate date; begin newdate := custitemevent; if (newdate is not null) then :ORDERS.ORDER_DATE:= newdate; end if; end; CODE FOR Implementation Class : oracle.forms.demos.CalendarWidgetWrapper To Get more Tutorial Subscribe The Channel click here https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCQ3ea4zVCfnKBx1_7h8raGQ?sub_confirmation=1 To Get All Post Like The Facebook Page Click here https://www.facebook.com/oracledbsolutions Follow us: Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/oracledbsolutions Youtube link: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCQ3ea4zVCfnKBx1_7h8raGQ?view_as=subscriber Facebook Group: https://www.facebook.com/groups/465557066961548 Contact us: email: [email protected] Skype: oracle26solutions Mob: 01734557080, 01627422780
Views: 467 OracleDB Solutions
create java calendar in oracle forms 10g | Ten Minute Code
 
16:19
Below Code Set CALENDAR in Oracle’ forms & Show SYSDATE at run time. 1.create table : Create table add_date (Id number, Start_date date); 2.create forms 3. Calendar.jar set in java- D:\DevSuiteHome_2\forms\java\calander.jar 4. Set formsweb.config- D:\DevSuiteHome_2\forms\server find- archive 5. Create FUNCTION In the program unit FUNCTION Quium_function RETURN date IS hBeanEventDetails ParamList; eventName varchar2(80); paramType number; eventType varchar2(80); newDateVal varchar2(80); newDate date := null; begin hBeanEventDetails := get_parameter_list(:system.custom_item_e¬vent_parameters); eventName := :system.custom_item_event; if(eventName = 'DateChange') then get_parameter_attr(hBeanEventDetails, 'DateValue', ParamType, newDateVal); newDate := to_date(newDateVal,'DD.MM.RRRR'); -- else -- MsgBox.show(MsgBox.STOP_ALERT,'Uknown event received - ' || eventName); end if; return newDate; end; 6 Create When-custom-item-event in bean trigger declare newdate date; begin newdate := Quium_function; if (newdate is not null) then :ORDERS.ORDER_DATE:= newdate; end if; end; 7. Write Property palates in bean area Implementation Class: oracle.forms.demos.CalendarWidgetWrapper
Views: 3995 Together Oracle
Oracle Final Revision - Part 2 تعليم أوراكل
 
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by Mohamed El Desouki - محمد الدسوقى [email protected] Tel :00966 553450836 جامعة سلمان بن عبد العزيز - السعودية - الخرج Final Revision. مراجعة شاملة لكل ما تم دراسته بالسلسلة Text Book: Fundamentals of Database Systems, 5th Edition, by Elmasri/Navathe, published by Addison-W oracle create table statement oracle drop table statement oracle constraints database constraints primary key constraint foreign key constraint check constraint null not null constraint unique constraint insert into statement update statement delete statement select statement basic query where clause select where Like '%' Like '_' select where Like aggregate functions summary functions group by group by with aggregate functions
oracle to ms excel using forms 6i | Ten Minute Code
 
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Below Code declare application ole2.obj_type; workbooks ole2.obj_type; workbook ole2.obj_type; worksheets ole2.obj_type; worksheet ole2.obj_type; cell ole2.obj_type; arglist ole2.list_type; row_num number; col_num number; fontObj ole2.obj_type; cursor rec is select emp_id,emp_nm,to_char(join_dt,'dd/mm/rrrr') date_of_birth from emp_mast where join_dt is not null; procedure SetCellValue(rowid number,colid number,cellValue varchar) is begin arglist := ole2.create_arglist; ole2.add_arg(arglist,rowid); ole2.add_arg(arglist,colid); cell:= ole2.get_obj_property(worksheet,'Cells',arglist); fontObj := ole2.get_obj_property(cell,'Font'); ole2.destroy_arglist(arglist); ole2.set_property(cell,'value',cellValue); ole2.set_property(fontObj,'Size',16); ole2.set_property(fontObj,'BOLD',1); ole2.set_property(fontObj,'ColorIndex',7); ole2.release_obj(cell); end SetCellValue; procedure app_init is begin application := ole2.create_obj('Excel.Application'); ole2.set_property(application,'Visible',true); workbooks := ole2.get_obj_property(application,'workbooks'); workbook := ole2.invoke_obj(workbooks,'add'); worksheets := ole2.get_obj_property(application,'worksheets'); worksheet := ole2.invoke_obj(worksheets,'add'); ole2.set_property(worksheet,'Name','Emp Sheet'); end app_init; procedure save_excel(path varchar,filename varchar) is begin OLE2.Release_Obj(worksheet); OLE2.Release_Obj(worksheets); -- Save the Excel file created If path is not null then Arglist := OLE2.Create_Arglist; OLE2.Add_Arg(Arglist,path||'\'||file_name||'.xls'); OLE2.Invoke(workbook, 'SaveAs', Arglist); OLE2.Destroy_Arglist(Arglist); end if; end save_excel; begin app_init; row_num:=1; col_num:=1; SetCellValue(row_num,col_num,'Emp Code'); col_num:=col_num + 1; SetCellValue(row_num,col_num,'Emp Name'); col_num:=col_num + 1; SetCellValue(row_num,col_num,'Date of Birth'); for i in rec loop row_num:=row_num + 1; col_num:=1; SetCellValue(row_num,col_num,i.emp_id); col_num:=2; SetCellValue(row_num,col_num,i.emp_nm); col_num:=3; SetCellValue(row_num,col_num,i.date_of_birth); end loop; save_excel('d:\excel_export','emp_data'); OLE2.Release_Obj(workbook); OLE2.Release_Obj(workbooks); OLE2.Release_Obj(application); end;
Views: 2278 Together Oracle
PL/SQL:NVL/NVL2/Coalesce function
 
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In this tutorial, you'll learn the difference between NVL,NVL2 &Coalesce functions PL/SQL (Procedural Language/Structured Query Language) is Oracle Corporation's procedural extension for SQL and the Oracle relational database. PL/SQL is available in Oracle Database (since version 7), TimesTen in-memory database (since version 11.2.1), and IBM DB2 (since version 9.7).[1] Oracle Corporation usually extends PL/SQL functionality with each successive release of the Oracle Database. PL/SQL includes procedural language elements such as conditions and loops. It allows declaration of constants and variables, procedures and functions, types and variables of those types, and triggers. It can handle exceptions (runtime errors). Arrays are supported involving the use of PL/SQL collections. Implementations from version 8 of Oracle Database onwards have included features associated with object-orientation. One can create PL/SQL units such as procedures, functions, packages, types, and triggers, which are stored in the database for reuse by applications that use any of the Oracle Database programmatic interfaces. PL/SQL works analogously to the embedded procedural languages associated with other relational databases. For example, Sybase ASE and Microsoft SQL Server have Transact-SQL, PostgreSQL has PL/pgSQL (which emulates PL/SQL to an extent), and IBM DB2 includes SQL Procedural Language,[2] which conforms to the ISO SQL’s SQL/PSM standard. The designers of PL/SQL modeled its syntax on that of Ada. Both Ada and PL/SQL have Pascal as a common ancestor, and so PL/SQL also resembles Pascal in several aspects. However, the structure of a PL/SQL package does not resemble the basic Object Pascal program structure as implemented by a Borland Delphi or Free Pascal unit. Programmers can define public and private global data-types, constants and static variables in a PL/SQL package.[3] PL/SQL also allows for the definition of classes and instantiating these as objects in PL/SQL code. This resembles usage in object-oriented programming languages like Object Pascal, C++ and Java. PL/SQL refers to a class as an "Abstract Data Type" (ADT) or "User Defined Type" (UDT), and defines it as an Oracle SQL data-type as opposed to a PL/SQL user-defined type, allowing its use in both the Oracle SQL Engine and the Oracle PL/SQL engine. The constructor and methods of an Abstract Data Type are written in PL/SQL. The resulting Abstract Data Type can operate as an object class in PL/SQL. Such objects can also persist as column values in Oracle database tables. PL/SQL is fundamentally distinct from Transact-SQL, despite superficial similarities. Porting code from one to the other usually involves non-trivial work, not only due to the differences in the feature sets of the two languages,[4] but also due to the very significant differences in the way Oracle and SQL Server deal with concurrency and locking. There are software tools available that claim to facilitate porting including Oracle Translation Scratch Editor,[5] CEITON MSSQL/Oracle Compiler [6] and SwisSQL.[7] The StepSqlite product is a PL/SQL compiler for the popular small database SQLite. PL/SQL Program Unit A PL/SQL program unit is one of the following: PL/SQL anonymous block, procedure, function, package specification, package body, trigger, type specification, type body, library. Program units are the PL/SQL source code that is compiled, developed and ultimately executed on the database. The basic unit of a PL/SQL source program is the block, which groups together related declarations and statements. A PL/SQL block is defined by the keywords DECLARE, BEGIN, EXCEPTION, and END. These keywords divide the block into a declarative part, an executable part, and an exception-handling part. The declaration section is optional and may be used to define and initialize constants and variables. If a variable is not initialized then it defaults to NULL value. The optional exception-handling part is used to handle run time errors. Only the executable part is required. A block can have a label. Package Packages are groups of conceptually linked functions, procedures, variables, PL/SQL table and record TYPE statements, constants, cursors etc. The use of packages promotes re-use of code. Packages are composed of the package specification and an optional package body. The specification is the interface to the application; it declares the types, variables, constants, exceptions, cursors, and subprograms available. The body fully defines cursors and subprograms, and so implements the specification. Two advantages of packages are: Modular approach, encapsulation/hiding of business logic, security, performance improvement, re-usability. They support object-oriented programming features like function overloading and encapsulation. Using package variables one can declare session level (scoped) variables, since variables declared in the package specification have a session scope.
Views: 4568 radhikaravikumar
Oracle SQL Tutorial 15 - How to Add Primary Key Constraints
 
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The goal of this video is to take the CREATE TABLE statement we have and walk through the different ways to create primary keys. This and foreign keys are the most common constraints, so we need to make sure that you have this one down. Once we have a more complex database design with multiple tables, we will learn the proper way to create foreign keys. For now, I am going to keep all of our constraints at the column level, unnamed. The only exception is the primary key, because that is what we are focusing on in this video. The first way to create the primary key is at the column level, unnamed. The primary key is very important because it what we use to distinguish rows from one another. Every table you create is going to need a primary key, and I suggest putting a lot of effort into making sure your keys are set up correctly and organized. --Delete the table if needed: DROP TABLE users; CREATE TABLE users( user_id NUMBER PRIMARY KEY, username VARCHAR2(50 CHAR) NOT NULL UNIQUE ) The next way is at the column level, but named: --Delete the table: DROP TABLE users; CREATE TABLE users( user_id NUMBER CONSTRAINT users_pk PRIMARY KEY, username VARCHAR2(50 CHAR)NOT NULL UNIQUE ) The general naming convention here is the table name followed by an underscore, followed by pk for primary key. Finally, the third way, which is at the table level, is the way we are going to create our primary key: --Delete the table: DROP TABLE users; CREATE TABLE users( user_id NUMBER, username VARCHAR2(50 CHAR) NOT NULL UNIQUE, CONSTRAINT users_pk PRIMARY KEY (user_id) ) Now, once you've created these constraints, you can use Oracle SQL Developer to find these constraints. Open your databases in the connections tab and find the table in the Tables folder. Double click your table and travel to the Constraints tab. You can tell here that the UNIQUE constraint still exists in this table, but it has a pretty disgusting name. It kind of wants to make me puke. Referencing that constraint in the future with that wacky name would be a burden. Engrave these three options in your head so that you can use any of them whenever you need and can read other peoples' code. Thank you for sticking with the series thus far. In the next video, we will be…doing something. See you then! :) ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Support me on Patreon! http://www.patreon.com/calebcurry Subscribe to my newsletter: http://bit.ly/JoinCCNewsletter Donate!: http://bit.ly/DonateCTVM2. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~Additional Links~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ More content: http://CalebCurry.com Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/CalebTheVideoMaker Google+: https://plus.google.com/+CalebTheVideoMaker2 Twitter: http://twitter.com/calebCurry Amazing Web Hosting - http://bit.ly/ccbluehost (The best web hosting for a cheap price!)
Views: 15264 Caleb Curry
Oracle Final Revision - Part1 تعليم أوراكل
 
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by Mohamed El Desouki - محمد الدسوقى [email protected] Tel :00966 553450836 جامعة سلمان بن عبد العزيز - السعودية - الخرج Final Revision on SQL . مراجعة شاملة على ماتم دراسته خلال السلسلة Text Book: Fundamentals of Database Systems, 5th Edition, by Elmasri/Navathe, published by Addison-W oracle create table statement oracle drop table statement oracle constraints database constraints primary key constraint foreign key constraint check constraint null not null constraint unique constraint insert into statement update statement delete statement select statement basic query where clause select where Like '%' Like '_' select where Like aggregate functions summary functions group by group by with aggregate functions
ON DELETE CLAUSE OF FOREIGN KEY CONSTRAINT IN ORACLE SQL WITH EXAMPLE (CASCADE/SET NULL/NO ACTION)
 
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This is a free video tutorial explaining about the nonmandatory on delete clause in the foreign key constraint in Oracle SQL database, the video explains about how the on delete set null and on delete cascade works, how it can be implemented with easy to understand examples. We have also shown practical demonstration on creating the foreign key constraint, and then deleting the data from the parent table and observing the changes that take place in the child table.
Views: 1430 Kishan Mashru
Grouping function in SQL Server
 
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sql server rollup grouping sql server rollup replace null sql server rollup grouping replace null In this video we will discuss the use of Grouping function in SQL Server. This is continuation to Part 104. Please watch Part 104 from SQL Server tutorial before proceeding. What is Grouping function Grouping(Column) indicates whether the column in a GROUP BY list is aggregated or not. Grouping returns 1 for aggregated or 0 for not aggregated in the result set. The following query returns 1 for aggregated or 0 for not aggregated in the result set SELECT Continent, Country, City, SUM(SaleAmount) AS TotalSales, GROUPING(Continent) AS GP_Continent, GROUPING(Country) AS GP_Country, GROUPING(City) AS GP_City FROM Sales GROUP BY ROLLUP(Continent, Country, City) What is the use of Grouping function in real world When a column is aggregated in the result set, the column will have a NULL value. If you want to replace NULL with All then this GROUPING function is very handy. SELECT CASE WHEN GROUPING(Continent) = 1 THEN 'All' ELSE ISNULL(Continent, 'Unknown') END AS Continent, CASE WHEN GROUPING(Country) = 1 THEN 'All' ELSE ISNULL(Country, 'Unknown') END AS Country, CASE WHEN GROUPING(City) = 1 THEN 'All' ELSE ISNULL(City, 'Unknown') END AS City, SUM(SaleAmount) AS TotalSales FROM Sales GROUP BY ROLLUP(Continent, Country, City) Can't I use ISNULL function instead as shown below SELECT ISNULL(Continent, 'All') AS Continent, ISNULL(Country, 'All') AS Country, ISNULL(City, 'All') AS City, SUM(SaleAmount) AS TotalSales FROM Sales GROUP BY ROLLUP(Continent, Country, City) Well, you can, but only if your data does not contain NULL values. Let me explain what I mean. At the moment the raw data in our Sales has no NULL values. Let's introduce a NULL value in the City column of the row where Id = 1 Update Sales Set City = NULL where Id = 1 Now execute the following query with ISNULL function SELECT ISNULL(Continent, 'All') AS Continent, ISNULL(Country, 'All') AS Country, ISNULL(City, 'All') AS City, SUM(SaleAmount) AS TotalSales FROM Sales GROUP BY ROLLUP(Continent, Country, City) Notice that the actuall NULL value in the raw data is also replaced with the word 'All', which is incorrect. Hence the need for Grouping function. Please note : Grouping function can be used with Rollup, Cube and Grouping Sets Text version of the video http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2015/09/grouping-function-in-sql-server.html Slides http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2015/09/grouping-function-in-sql-server_25.html All SQL Server Text Articles http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/p/free-sql-server-video-tutorials-for.html All SQL Server Slides http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/p/sql-server.html All Dot Net and SQL Server Tutorials in English https://www.youtube.com/user/kudvenkat/playlists?view=1&sort=dd All Dot Net and SQL Server Tutorials in Arabic https://www.youtube.com/c/KudvenkatArabic/playlists
Views: 38518 kudvenkat
COALESCE IN ORACLE SQL
 
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This video is the 4th video in the series of 'working with null', this video explains the working of the coalesce function in oracle sql. Also the video explains the use of coalesce function in oracle sql queries by perfect simple and easy to understand examples. COALESCE returns the first non-null expr in the expression list. You must specify at least two expressions. If all occurrences of expr evaluate to null, then the function returns null. Oracle Database uses short-circuit evaluation. The database evaluates each expr value and determines whether it is NULL, rather than evaluating all of the expr values before determining whether any of them is NULL. If all occurrences of expr are numeric datatype or any non numeric datatype that can be implicitly converted to a numeric datatype, then Oracle Database determines the argument with the highest numeric precedence, implicitly converts the remaining arguments to that datatype, and returns that datatype.
Views: 1037 Kishan Mashru
Oracle Database11g tutorials 14 : How to CREATE TABLE using sql developer and command prompt
 
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Oracle Database11g tutorials 14 How to Create table using command prompt and Create table using sql developer Blog Link http://bit.ly/1TkY4Oe Time Line 0:25 Introduction of Tables in Database 1:03 What is Create Table (Introduction of create table) 1:30 Syntax of Create Table 2:08 How to create table using Command Prompt 4:55 How to create table using SQL Developer Links for Oracle Database tutorials 4: database connectivity using SQL developer and command prompt http://youtu.be/wSqoXRlXDUU You can have indepth knowledge about SQL create table here http://www.rebellionrider.com/sql-create-table.html Tool used in this tutorial is command prompt. This tutorial series is part of SQL expert exam certification training. if you are preparing for SQL certification you can use my tutorials. This SQL Tutorial is a part of free training. Copy Cloud referral link || Use this link to join copy cloud and get 20GB of free storage https://copy.com?r=j7eYO7 Contacts E-Mail [email protected] Twitter https://twitter.com/rebellionrider Instagram http://instagram.com/rebellionrider Facebook. https://www.facebook.com/imthebhardwaj Linkedin. http://in.linkedin.com/in/mannbhardwaj/ Thanks for linking, commenting, sharing and watching more of our videos This is Manish from RebellionRider.com Today in this oracle database tutorial we will see How to CREATE A TABLE. if we have to define a table in layman language then we can say that Tables are just a collection of Rows and Columns but In RDBMS tables are database objects which help in organizing data into ROWS and COLUMNS. We can also say that SQL tables are kind of data structure which are used by database for efficient storage of data. To create a table in our database we use SQL CREATE TABLE command. SQL CREATE TABLE is a type of DATA DEFINITION LANGUAGE also known as DDL. To Create a table in your schema you will require CREATE TABLE system privilege. In our future videos we will see what are system and object privileges and how to grant them to a user. Today for this video we will be using Sample schema HR which already has all the necessary privileges. Ohk Let's see the syntax. CREATE TABLE table name ( column name1 Data-Type(size), column name2 Data-Type(size), ..... ); CREATE TABLE is an oracle reserved word or say an Oracle key word whereas There are 3 different ways of creating a table in Oracle database. Creating a table using Command Line Interface (CLI) in Oracle database For demonstrating how to create table in oracle database using CLI, I'll be using Command prompt. Thats how we create table using command prompt. you can check your table structure by DESCRIBE command for that just write DESC and your table name. Like this Another way of creating a table is by using Graphic user interface (GUI) in Oracle database To demonstrate how to create table using GUI we will use SQL developer. Lets open our SQL developer I am connected to HR schema if you do not know how to create a connection to database using SQL developer please watch my oracle database tutorial 4 that explains database connectivity using SQL developer and command prompt. Link for this video is in the description below. So lets create a table. Creating a table using SQL developer is very easy we do not have to fire any query here. Let's start First of all right click on your connection in which you want to create a table and choose schema browser. This will open a separate schema browser pane or you can expend your connection by clicking this + sign and then right click on table and choose New Table. However I prefer working with schema browser so let's skip to schema browser pane here from the first drop-down list you can choose connection name and in the second drop down list you can choose what database objects you want to work with we want to create a table thus I'll choose table and then click this arrow here and choose option for new table Ok we have created a table wizard first of all give a unique name to your table and add some column as well. For this, click the green plus button. Now we already have a column so give it some name. Also choose a datatype from the list and specify any size you can check this not null column if in case you want to make this a mandatory column you can also specify default value and constraint If you want to make this column a primary key you can click here In my future video i'll show you what are these constraints and different ways of applying them on a column in a table. for this video we will concentrate on create table only so when you are done with all your columns click ok Thats your table You can double click on your table here and can see its structure. Thats it
Views: 179733 Manish Sharma
How to Export Oracle data to Excel file from Oracle Forms 6i | Oracle apps
 
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This is Oracle forms tutorial exporting data using for cursor loop to excel file invoking excel application with OLE2 forms built in package. OLE2 package contains all the stuff to invoke the property, procedures and function within an excel application. It creates the file, add workbook, add worksheet, put data to cells of worksheet and set properties like font size ,font color and font size of the cells. It saves the file as well. How to Export Oracle data to CSV file declare application ole2.obj_type; workbooks ole2.obj_type; workbook ole2.obj_type; worksheets ole2.obj_type; worksheet ole2.obj_type; cell ole2.obj_type; arglist ole2.list_type; row_num number; col_num number; fontObj ole2.obj_type; cursor rec is select empno,ename,sal from emp; procedure SetCellValue(rowid number,colid number,cellValue varchar) is begin arglist := ole2.create_arglist; ole2.add_arg(arglist,rowid); ole2.add_arg(arglist,colid); cell:= ole2.get_obj_property(worksheet,'Cells',arglist); fontObj := ole2.get_obj_property(cell,'Font'); ole2.destroy_arglist(arglist); ole2.set_property(cell,'value',cellValue); ole2.set_property(fontObj,'Size',16); ole2.set_property(fontObj,'BOLD',1); ole2.set_property(fontObj,'ColorIndex',7); ole2.release_obj(cell); end SetCellValue; procedure app_init is begin application := ole2.create_obj('Excel.Application'); ole2.set_property(application,'Visible',true); workbooks := ole2.get_obj_property(application,'workbooks'); workbook := ole2.invoke_obj(workbooks,'add'); worksheets := ole2.get_obj_property(application,'worksheets'); worksheet := ole2.invoke_obj(worksheets,'add'); ole2.set_property(worksheet,'Name','Emp Sheet'); end app_init; procedure save_excel(path varchar,filename varchar) is begin OLE2.Release_Obj(worksheet); OLE2.Release_Obj(worksheets); -- Save the Excel file created If path is not null then Arglist := OLE2.Create_Arglist; OLE2.Add_Arg(Arglist,path||'\'||file_name||'.xls'); OLE2.Invoke(workbook, 'SaveAs', Arglist); OLE2.Destroy_Arglist(Arglist); end if; end save_excel; begin app_init; row_num:=1; col_num:=1; SetCellValue(row_num,col_num,'Emp Code'); col_num:=col_num + 1; SetCellValue(row_num,col_num,'Emp Name'); col_num:=col_num + 1; SetCellValue(row_num,col_num,'Date of Birth'); for i in rec loop row_num:=row_num + 1; col_num:=1; SetCellValue(row_num,col_num,i.empno); col_num:=2; SetCellValue(row_num,col_num,i.ename); col_num:=3; SetCellValue(row_num,col_num,i.sal); end loop; save_excel('d:\excel_export','emp_data'); OLE2.Release_Obj(workbook); OLE2.Release_Obj(workbooks); OLE2.Release_Obj(application); end; *************---------------------------*********************** Query Solved below How to Create excel reports from oracle forms, oracle forms export to excel, how to generate excel file from oracle reports, how to convert oracle report into excel, oracle reports 10g to excel output, How to Create excel reports from oracle report, How to Create EXCEL Report from Oracle forms 10g, export data from oracle to excel using pl sql, how to generate excel file from pl sql, exporting data from oracle sql developer to excel, How to Create EXCEL Report from Oracle Database
Views: 1805 Young India