Home
Search results “Include index oracle”
Which Order Should Columns Go in an Index?: Finding All the Red Sweets Part 4
 
06:19
When you create an index on multiple columns there's an important question you need to answer: In which order should you list the columns? This video looks at some of the factors you should consider to help answer this question. ============================ The Magic of SQL with Chris Saxon Copyright © 2015 Oracle and/or its affiliates. Oracle is a registered trademark of Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Other names may be registered trademarks of their respective owners. Oracle disclaims any warranties or representations as to the accuracy or completeness of this recording, demonstration, and/or written materials (the “Materials”). The Materials are provided “as is” without any warranty of any kind, either express or implied, including without limitation warranties or merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, and non-infringement.
Views: 3923 The Magic of SQL
SQL tutorial 62: Indexes In Oracle Database By Manish Sharma RebellionRider
 
04:03
Watch and learn concepts of SQL Index In Oracle Database. In this tutorial you will learn about B-Tree Index and Function based Index. ------------------------------------------------------------------------ ►►►LINKS◄◄◄ Blog : Previous Tutorial ► ------------------------------------------------------------------------- ►►►Help Me In Getting A Job◄◄◄ ►Help Me In Getting A Good Job By Connecting With Me on My LinkedIn and Endorsing My Skills. All My Contact Info is Down Below. You Can Also Refer Me To Your Company Thanks ------------------------------------------------------------------------- Copy Cloud referral link || Use this link to join copy cloud and get 20GB of free storage https://copy.com?r=kb4rc1 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ►Make sure you SUBSCRIBE and be the 1st one to see my videos! -------------------------------------------------------------------------- Amazon Wishlist: http://bit.ly/wishlist-amazon ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ ►►►Find me on Social Media◄◄◄ Follow What I am up to as it happens on https://twitter.com/rebellionrider https://www.facebook.com/imthebhardwaj http://instagram.com/rebellionrider https://plus.google.com/+Rebellionrider http://in.linkedin.com/in/mannbhardwaj/ http://rebellionrider.tumblr.com/ http://www.pinterest.com/rebellionrider/ You can also Email me at for E-mail address please check About section Please please LIKE and SHARE my videos it makes me happy. Thanks for liking, commenting, sharing and watching more of our videos This is Manish from RebellionRider.com ♥ I LOVE ALL MY VIEWERS AND SUBSCRIBERS
Views: 40083 Manish Sharma
Clustered vs. Nonclustered Index Structures in SQL Server
 
08:04
Clustered and nonclustered indexes share many of the same internal structures, but they're fundamentally different in nature. Watch Microsoft Certified IT Professional Jon Seigel explain the similarities and differences of clustered and nonclustered indexes, using a real-world example to show how these structures work to improve the performance of SQL queries. Blog post on primary key vs. the clustered index: http://voluntarydba.com/post/2012/10/02/The-Primary-Key-vs-The-Clustered-Index.aspx CREATE INDEX statement reference: http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ms188783.aspx ALTER INDEX statement reference: http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ms188388.aspx Index navigation internals by example: http://sqlblog.com/blogs/paul_white/archive/2011/08/09/sql-server-seeks-and-binary-search.aspx Sample index data is from the AdventureWorksLT2008R2 sample database: http://awlt2008dbscript.codeplex.com/releases/view/46169 Visit my channel for more database administration videos: https://www.youtube.com/voluntarydba Subscribe to get notified about my latest videos: https://www.youtube.com/voluntarydba?sub_confirmation=1 Read additional content on my blog: http://voluntarydba.com Follow on Twitter: https://twitter.com/voluntarydba Like on Facebook: https://facebook.com/voluntarydba
Views: 281254 Voluntary DBA
Clustered and nonclustered indexes in sql server   Part 36
 
16:49
In this video we will learn about 1. Different types of indexes in sql server 2. What are clustered indexes 3. What are NonClustered indexes 4. Difference between clustered and non clustered indexes Text version of the video http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.co.uk/2012/09/clustered-and-non-clustered-indexes.html Slides http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2013/09/part-36-clustered-nonclustered-indexes.html All SQL Server Text Articles http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/p/free-sql-server-video-tutorials-for.html All SQL Server Slides http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/p/sql-server.html All Dot Net and SQL Server Tutorials in English https://www.youtube.com/user/kudvenkat/playlists?view=1&sort=dd All Dot Net and SQL Server Tutorials in Arabic https://www.youtube.com/c/KudvenkatArabic/playlists
Views: 447963 kudvenkat
Differences between Clustered vs Nonclustered Indexes in SQL Server
 
11:48
Should you use a clustered or a nonclustered index? When starting out with SQL, you might intuitively know that you should add an index to a table, but you might not be sure what kind of index to add. In this video we go over the basics of clustered and nonclustered indexes to help you get through index choice paralysis. Blog post with example queries: https://bertwagner.com/2017/09/26/clustered-vs-nonclustered-index-fundamentals-you-need-to-know/ Follow me on Twitter: https://twitter.com/bertwagner Want to receive my latest weekly blog posts and videos in your inbox? Sign up for the newsletter here: https://upscri.be/c77fc8/
Views: 5395 Bert Wagner
SQL Index - Compare a clustered index vs a non clustered index
 
09:54
http://sqlserver2008tutorial.com/ In this video training, we compare SQL indexes -- clustered index vs. non clustered index. In SQL server you can have one clustered index whereas you can have many non clustered index is. Using SQL Server Profiler and MS SQL Execution plans, we compare the clustered index and the nonclustered index. In this demo we show you how to create a clustered and non-clustered index using SSMS. Using different parameters like CPU, Number of Page Reads and Duration in msec, we come to a conclusion that the best option is to use a clustered index. Finally we go over index management and index fragmentation. We illustrate ALTER TABLE commands with Index Rebuild or Index Reorg. Other topics that we cover include a table scan; clustered index scan and an index seek.
Views: 50636 baghul
Indexes in sql server   Part 35
 
11:14
In this video we will learn about What are indexes Why do we use indexes Advantages of indexes These concepts are applicable to sql server 2000, 2005 and 2008 Text version of the video http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2012/09/indexes-in-sql-server-part-35.html Slides http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2013/08/part-35-indexes.html All SQL Server Text Articles http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/p/free-sql-server-video-tutorials-for.html All SQL Server Slides http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/p/sql-server.html All Dot Net and SQL Server Tutorials in English https://www.youtube.com/user/kudvenkat/playlists?view=1&sort=dd All Dot Net and SQL Server Tutorials in Arabic https://www.youtube.com/c/KudvenkatArabic/playlists
Views: 365486 kudvenkat
SQL Advanced #9: INSERTs into Clustered Indexes
 
13:49
In this session we learn how SQL Server exactly handels inserts into clustered indexes. Learn about page splits and efficiency.
Views: 647 SQL TV
15a  Index Selectivity
 
00:40
Views: 75 B's March
Oracle Linux 7.4 overview | Engineered for Open Cloud
 
03:20
In this video, i am going to show an overview Oracle Linux 7.4 and some of the applications pre-installed. Support the Channel on Patreon https://www.patreon.com/ribalinux Buy Me a Coffee http://ko-fi.com/A0383T5 follow me on Steemit https://steemit.com/@ribalinux Oracle Linux is an enterprise-class Linux distribution supported by Oracle and built from source packages for Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL). Some of the special features of Oracle Linux include a custom-build and rigorously-tested Linux kernel called "Oracle Unbreakable Kernel", tight integration with Oracle's hardware and software products including most database applications, and "zero downtime patching" - a feature that enables administrators to update the kernel without a reboot. Download http://mirrors.kernel.org/oracle/OL7/u4/x86_64/OracleLinux-R7-U4-Server-x86_64-dvd.iso Home Page http://www.oracle.com/us/technologies/linux/index.html PLEASE SUBSCRIBE AND FOLLOW ME ON TWITTER GOOGLE+ OR FACEBOOK!! IF YOU CAN PLEASE SUPPORT THE CHANNEL ON PATREON Patreon https://www.patreon.com/ribalinux Twitter https://twitter.com/ribalinux Blogger http://ribalinux.blogspot.pt/ Facebook https://www.facebook.com/theribalinux Google+ https://plus.google.com/u/0/110348492032614636584/posts
Views: 5005 Riba Linux
Coherence - Index Visibility Improvements
 
08:14
This video is an overview of the new index visibility improvements included in Coherence 3.7. Useful links: Coherence 3.7 YouTube Playlist: http://www.youtube.com/view_play_list?p=8E968C09A92D9F82 The Oracle Coherence Wiki: http://coherence.oracle.com Coherence on OTN: http://www.oracle.com/technology/products/coherence/ The Coherence Incubator: http://coherence.oracle.com/display/INCUBATOR/ Coherence Discussion Forums: http://forums.oracle.com/forums/forum.jspa?forumID=480
Views: 714 OracleCoherence
Database Lesson #7 of 8 - Database Indexes
 
38:39
Dr. Soper gives a lecture on database indexes. Topics covered include index concepts, linear vs. binary search strategies, estimating index storage space requirements, B-tree indexes, bitmap indexes, hash indexes, and clustered vs. non-clustered indexes.
Views: 93313 Dr. Daniel Soper
Microsoft SQL Server Index Architecture
 
08:26
Microsoft SQL Server Index Architecture. Simple yet powerful!
Views: 50895 RunavaTech
Oracle Linux Server 7.4 Installation + Guest Additions on Oracle VirtualBox [2017]
 
12:15
This video tutorial shows Oracle Linux Server 7.4 Installation and overview on Oracle VirtualBox step by step. This tutorial is also helpful to install Oracle Linux 7.4 on physical computer or laptop hardware. We also install VirtualBox Guest Additions on Oracle Linux for better performance and usability features: Automatic Resizing Guest Display, Shared Folder, Seamless Mode and Shared Clipboard, Improved Performance and Drag and Drop. Steps: 1- Create Virtual Machine on Oracle VirtualBox 2- Start Oracle Linux Server 7.4 (Oracle Linux 7 Update 4) Installation 3- Install VirtualBox Guest Additions on Oracle Linux Server 4- Test Guest Additions Features: Automatic Resizing Guest Display and Shared Clipboard 5- Oracle Linux Server 7.4 Overview Oracle Linux Server 7.4 New Features and Improvements Oracle Linux is an enterprise-class Linux distribution supported by Oracle and built from source packages for Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL). Some of the special features of Oracle Linux include a custom build and rigorously tested Linux kernel called Oracle Unbreakable Kernel, tight integration with Oracle's hardware and software products including most database applications, and zero downtime patching feature that enables administrators to update the kernel without a reboot. Oracle Linux 7 Update 4 is an updated build of the enterprise-class Linux distribution built from the source code for Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7.4 but featuring its own unbreakable kernel. Oracle Linux 7 Update 4 continues to enhance your security stance with several new capabilities. UEFI Secure Boot is a system in Secure Boot mode loads only those boot loaders and kernels that have been signed by Oracle. Oracle has updated the kernel and GRUB 2 packages to sign them with a valid Extended Validation (EV) certificate. Oracle Linux 7 offers the latest innovations and improvements to support customers and partners in developing and deploying business critical applications across the data center and into the cloud. In-place upgrades from Oracle Linux 6.5 to Oracle Linux 7 is supported. Oracle Linux Website: https://www.oracle.com/linux/index.html Download Oracle Linux Server 7.4 ISO: https://community.oracle.com/docs/DOC-917963 Oracle Linux Server 7 Minimum System Requirements You can install Oracle Linux 7 on x86-64 systems with up to 2048 logical CPUs and 64 TB of memory. The theoretical upper limit is 5120 logical CPUs and 64 TB of memory, but Oracle has not tested this configuration. A minimum of 2 logical CPUs and 1 GB of memory per logical CPU is recommended. Although the minimum disk space required for installation is 1GB, a minimum of 5 GB is recommended. Hope you found it informative and useful. Any questions or comments are welcomed. PLEASE SUBSCRIBE TO THE CHANNEL ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- Website: http://www.SysAdminsHowto.com/ Facebook Page: https://www.facebook.com/SysAdminsHowto/ Twitter: https://twitter.com/SysAdmHowto Linux Video Tutorials: https://linux-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/ Oracle Linux 7.4 Installation on VirtualBox Video: https://youtu.be/GKvCTKoPIrQ
Views: 16754 Linux Video Tutorials
Advantages and disadvantages of indexes in sql server   Part 38
 
12:20
In this video we will learn about 1. Advantages and disadvantages of indexes 2. The types of queries that can benefit from indexes 3. Covering Queries Text version of the video http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2012/09/advantages-and-disadvantages-of-indexes.html Slides http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2013/09/part-38-adv-dis-adv-of-indexes.html All SQL Server Text Articles http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/p/free-sql-server-video-tutorials-for.html All SQL Server Slides http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/p/sql-server.html All Dot Net and SQL Server Tutorials in English https://www.youtube.com/user/kudvenkat/playlists?view=1&sort=dd All Dot Net and SQL Server Tutorials in Arabic https://www.youtube.com/c/KudvenkatArabic/playlists
Views: 155608 kudvenkat
SQL: Check Constraint
 
05:11
In this tutorial, you'll learn how to make use of check constraint. PL/SQL (Procedural Language/Structured Query Language) is Oracle Corporation's procedural extension for SQL and the Oracle relational database. PL/SQL is available in Oracle Database (since version 7), TimesTen in-memory database (since version 11.2.1), and IBM DB2 (since version 9.7).[1] Oracle Corporation usually extends PL/SQL functionality with each successive release of the Oracle Database. PL/SQL includes procedural language elements such as conditions and loops. It allows declaration of constants and variables, procedures and functions, types and variables of those types, and triggers. It can handle exceptions (runtime errors). Arrays are supported involving the use of PL/SQL collections. Implementations from version 8 of Oracle Database onwards have included features associated with object-orientation. One can create PL/SQL units such as procedures, functions, packages, types, and triggers, which are stored in the database for reuse by applications that use any of the Oracle Database programmatic interfaces. PL/SQL works analogously to the embedded procedural languages associated with other relational databases. For example, Sybase ASE and Microsoft SQL Server have Transact-SQL, PostgreSQL has PL/pgSQL (which emulates PL/SQL to an extent), and IBM DB2 includes SQL Procedural Language,[2] which conforms to the ISO SQL’s SQL/PSM standard. The designers of PL/SQL modeled its syntax on that of Ada. Both Ada and PL/SQL have Pascal as a common ancestor, and so PL/SQL also resembles Pascal in several aspects. However, the structure of a PL/SQL package does not resemble the basic Object Pascal program structure as implemented by a Borland Delphi or Free Pascal unit. Programmers can define public and private global data-types, constants and static variables in a PL/SQL package.[3] PL/SQL also allows for the definition of classes and instantiating these as objects in PL/SQL code. This resembles usage in object-oriented programming languages like Object Pascal, C++ and Java. PL/SQL refers to a class as an "Abstract Data Type" (ADT) or "User Defined Type" (UDT), and defines it as an Oracle SQL data-type as opposed to a PL/SQL user-defined type, allowing its use in both the Oracle SQL Engine and the Oracle PL/SQL engine. The constructor and methods of an Abstract Data Type are written in PL/SQL. The resulting Abstract Data Type can operate as an object class in PL/SQL. Such objects can also persist as column values in Oracle database tables. PL/SQL is fundamentally distinct from Transact-SQL, despite superficial similarities. Porting code from one to the other usually involves non-trivial work, not only due to the differences in the feature sets of the two languages,[4] but also due to the very significant differences in the way Oracle and SQL Server deal with concurrency and locking. There are software tools available that claim to facilitate porting including Oracle Translation Scratch Editor,[5] CEITON MSSQL/Oracle Compiler [6] and SwisSQL.[7] The StepSqlite product is a PL/SQL compiler for the popular small database SQLite. PL/SQL Program Unit A PL/SQL program unit is one of the following: PL/SQL anonymous block, procedure, function, package specification, package body, trigger, type specification, type body, library. Program units are the PL/SQL source code that is compiled, developed and ultimately executed on the database. The basic unit of a PL/SQL source program is the block, which groups together related declarations and statements. A PL/SQL block is defined by the keywords DECLARE, BEGIN, EXCEPTION, and END. These keywords divide the block into a declarative part, an executable part, and an exception-handling part. The declaration section is optional and may be used to define and initialize constants and variables. If a variable is not initialized then it defaults to NULL value. The optional exception-handling part is used to handle run time errors. Only the executable part is required. A block can have a label. Package Packages are groups of conceptually linked functions, procedures, variables, PL/SQL table and record TYPE statements, constants, cursors etc. The use of packages promotes re-use of code. Packages are composed of the package specification and an optional package body. The specification is the interface to the application; it declares the types, variables, constants, exceptions, cursors, and subprograms available. The body fully defines cursors and subprograms, and so implements the specification. Two advantages of packages are: Modular approach, encapsulation/hiding of business logic, security, performance improvement, re-usability. They support object-oriented programming features like function overloading and encapsulation. Using package variables one can declare session level (scoped) variables, since variables declared in the package specification have a session scope.
Views: 11814 radhikaravikumar
Sql Server Index Kavramı
 
23:08
https://erolakgul.wordpress.com/
Views: 2797 Erol Akgül
Optimizing SQL Performance
 
51:42
Held on July 12 2018 In July's session we mainly looked at performance. Highlights include: 1:30 How does the database process subqueries? 5:20 Performance: comparing insert ... select to create tmp table, insert select from tmp; DDL in PL/SQL; dynamic SQL problems 12:45 18c private temporary tables; tables specific to a session; DDL you can rollback across! 21:00 Improving update performance: things to watch for; insert vs. update; "join-update" - create a view instead; create table as select "update" 34:05 Analytic function performance: first_value non-determinism; min keep vs first_value; computing function in a subquery; indexes for analytic functions AskTOM Office Hours offers free, monthly training and tips on how to make the most of Oracle Database, from Oracle product managers, developers and evangelists. https://asktom.oracle.com/ Oracle Developers portal: https://developer.oracle.com/ Sign up for an Oracle Cloud trial: https://cloud.oracle.com/en_US/tryit music: bensound.com
Views: 378 Oracle Developers
SQL: WITH Clause
 
06:11
In this tutorial, you'll learn will learn how to use with clause PL/SQL (Procedural Language/Structured Query Language) is Oracle Corporation's procedural extension for SQL and the Oracle relational database. PL/SQL is available in Oracle Database (since version 7), TimesTen in-memory database (since version 11.2.1), and IBM DB2 (since version 9.7).[1] Oracle Corporation usually extends PL/SQL functionality with each successive release of the Oracle Database. PL/SQL includes procedural language elements such as conditions and loops. It allows declaration of constants and variables, procedures and functions, types and variables of those types, and triggers. It can handle exceptions (runtime errors). Arrays are supported involving the use of PL/SQL collections. Implementations from version 8 of Oracle Database onwards have included features associated with object-orientation. One can create PL/SQL units such as procedures, functions, packages, types, and triggers, which are stored in the database for reuse by applications that use any of the Oracle Database programmatic interfaces. PL/SQL works analogously to the embedded procedural languages associated with other relational databases. For example, Sybase ASE and Microsoft SQL Server have Transact-SQL, PostgreSQL has PL/pgSQL (which emulates PL/SQL to an extent), and IBM DB2 includes SQL Procedural Language,[2] which conforms to the ISO SQL’s SQL/PSM standard. The designers of PL/SQL modeled its syntax on that of Ada. Both Ada and PL/SQL have Pascal as a common ancestor, and so PL/SQL also resembles Pascal in several aspects. However, the structure of a PL/SQL package does not resemble the basic Object Pascal program structure as implemented by a Borland Delphi or Free Pascal unit. Programmers can define public and private global data-types, constants and static variables in a PL/SQL package.[3] PL/SQL also allows for the definition of classes and instantiating these as objects in PL/SQL code. This resembles usage in object-oriented programming languages like Object Pascal, C++ and Java. PL/SQL refers to a class as an "Abstract Data Type" (ADT) or "User Defined Type" (UDT), and defines it as an Oracle SQL data-type as opposed to a PL/SQL user-defined type, allowing its use in both the Oracle SQL Engine and the Oracle PL/SQL engine. The constructor and methods of an Abstract Data Type are written in PL/SQL. The resulting Abstract Data Type can operate as an object class in PL/SQL. Such objects can also persist as column values in Oracle database tables. PL/SQL is fundamentally distinct from Transact-SQL, despite superficial similarities. Porting code from one to the other usually involves non-trivial work, not only due to the differences in the feature sets of the two languages,[4] but also due to the very significant differences in the way Oracle and SQL Server deal with concurrency and locking. There are software tools available that claim to facilitate porting including Oracle Translation Scratch Editor,[5] CEITON MSSQL/Oracle Compiler [6] and SwisSQL.[7] The StepSqlite product is a PL/SQL compiler for the popular small database SQLite. PL/SQL Program Unit A PL/SQL program unit is one of the following: PL/SQL anonymous block, procedure, function, package specification, package body, trigger, type specification, type body, library. Program units are the PL/SQL source code that is compiled, developed and ultimately executed on the database. The basic unit of a PL/SQL source program is the block, which groups together related declarations and statements. A PL/SQL block is defined by the keywords DECLARE, BEGIN, EXCEPTION, and END. These keywords divide the block into a declarative part, an executable part, and an exception-handling part. The declaration section is optional and may be used to define and initialize constants and variables. If a variable is not initialized then it defaults to NULL value. The optional exception-handling part is used to handle run time errors. Only the executable part is required. A block can have a label. Package Packages are groups of conceptually linked functions, procedures, variables, PL/SQL table and record TYPE statements, constants, cursors etc. The use of packages promotes re-use of code. Packages are composed of the package specification and an optional package body. The specification is the interface to the application; it declares the types, variables, constants, exceptions, cursors, and subprograms available. The body fully defines cursors and subprograms, and so implements the specification. Two advantages of packages are: Modular approach, encapsulation/hiding of business logic, security, performance improvement, re-usability. They support object-oriented programming features like function overloading and encapsulation. Using package variables one can declare session level (scoped) variables, since variables declared in the package specification have a session scope.
Views: 12176 radhikaravikumar
Learn Oracle SQL Developer in 10 minutes - Data Dictionary - DDL - Part 1/2
 
13:29
Refer Complete Tutorial : http://haneefputtur.com/create-manage-oracle-database-using-oracle-sql-developer-gui.html Create Oracle Database Tables Using GUI SQL developer Tools Tasks: • Create Orale tables using Oracle SQL Developer Creating Oracle Tables . 1. Oracle database required: DNS Name : xxxxxxxxx User Name: haneef Password : xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx Service Name : Haneef 2. Software Required : Oracle SQL Developer ( this requires JDK ) Link to Download : http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/developer-tools/sql-developer/downloads/index.html http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/java/javase/downloads/jdk7-downloads-1880260.html Create two tables. 1. Employee 2. Department Employee Table : • Employee ID ( Primary key) • Employee Name • Employee Department • Employee Salary Department Table: • Department ID (Primary key) • Department Name • Department Head Create Foreign Key For Employee Department to get ID from Department Table. Create DDL and Execute them.
Views: 26590 Mahammad Haneef
Oracle DV: How to build viz plugins using SDK
 
05:05
Oracle Data Visualization SDK Reference https://docs.oracle.com/middleware/bidv1221/desktop/BIDVD/GUID-6CCA6D3D-1877-4F7E-B337-73DC68D84797.htm Oracle Data Visualization SDK JavaScript Reference https://docs.oracle.com/middleware/bidv1221/desktop/DVDJS/index.html
Views: 1405 ORACLE ANALYTICS
Oracle Data Integrator 12c - Creating a Project and Mapping: Flat File to a Table (Recorded Webcast)
 
55:39
This is the second in a series of three OLL Live recorded webcasts in the Oracle Data Integrator 12c: Getting Started series. The tutorials are located at https://apex.oracle.com/pls/apex/f?p=44785:24:0::::P24_CONTENT_ID,P24_PREV_PAGE:7952,1. There are many ways to get a flat file of data into an Oracle Database. For example, SQL*Loader is one of the proprietary tools included in many versions of Oracle Database. The problem is that other versions of other databases (such as IBM DB2, or Microsoft SQL Server) use different proprietary tools. ODI provids one standard way of importing files into many different databases. Furthermore, SQL*Loader is designed to take the data in unmodified, whereas ODI is designed to transform the data while it is being loaded. This webcast walks you through the steps that are needed to use Oracle Data Integrator Studio (ODI Studio) graphical tools to export an ASCII flat file of columnar data to an Oracle Database 12c relational table. Copyright © 2013 Oracle and/or its affiliates. Oracle® is a registered trademark of Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Oracle disclaims any warranties or representations as to the accuracy or completeness of this recording, demonstration, and/or written materials (the "Materials"). The Materials are provided "as is" without any warranty of any kind, either express or implied, including without limitation warranties of merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, and non-infringement.
introduction video to oracle sql and db
 
05:30
oracle: this video is about the introduction to topics which am going to discuss in my channel. About introduction to dbms, using sql queries, ddl. drl, dcl, tcl in oracle sql 11g and topics which am covering in oracle database 12c. topics are oracle database architecture, intialization parameter, control files, redologs, backup and recover, dataguard. this video include: oracle tutorial for beginners,oracle daphne,oracle database,oracle sql developer tutorial for beginners,oracle dba training videos,oracle 12c,oracle cloud,oracle of seasons,oracle apex,oracle of ages,oracle adf,oracle asm,oracle apps,oracle architecture,oracle apex tutorial for beginners,oracle application express,oracle at delphi,oracle arena loud,oracle analytical functions,oracle business intelligence,oracle bi,oracle bangla tutorial,oracle big data,oracle bpm,oracle business intelligence tutorial,oracle bones ancient china,oracle bangla,oracle bi publisher,oracle big data discovery,oracle cc&b,oracle cards,oracle card reading,oracle crm,oracle cloud erp,oracle certification,oracle cpq,oracle create table,oracle corporation,oracle coherence,oracle 12c installation,c programdata oracle java javapath java.exe,oracle c,oracle database tutorial for beginners,oracle dota 2,oracle data integrator,oracle dba interview questions and answers for experienced,oracle database administration tutorial,oracle database architecture,oracle data guard,oracle d,installation d'oracle 11g,cours d'oracle,oracle erp,oracle ebs,oracle enterprise manager,oracle exadata,oracle ebs tutorial for beginners,oracle enterprise manager 11g tutorial,oracle enterprise manager 12c,oracle erp cloud,oracle eloqua,oracle explain plan,oracle e-business suite,oracle e business tax,oracle financial e-business r12,oracle e commerce,oracle e-business,installing oracle e-business suite,e talent oracle,oracle fusion,oracle forms,oracle financials,oracle forms and reports tutorial,oracle fusion financials,oracle for beginners,oracle fusion hcm,oracle finance tutorial for beginners,oracle financials training,oracle forms 12c,oracle golden gate,oracle golden gate tutorials,oracle general ledger,oracle grc,oracle gaming,oracle general ledger tutorial,oracle golden gate architecture,oracle golden gate installation,oracle genesis,oracle gameplay,oracle 11g,oracle 10g,oracle 11g architecture,oracle hyperion,oracle headlights,oracle hcm cloud,oracle hyperion tutorial for beginners,oracle hrms,oracle halo lights,oracle halo install,oracle hrms tutorial for beginners,oracle halo colorshift,oracle hints,oracle installation,oracle identity manager tutorial,oracle index,oracle integration cloud service,oracle installation on windows 10,oracle identity manager,oracle inventory management,oracle installation on linux,oracle interview,oracle identity and access management hands on demo,oracle java,oracle joins,oracle jd edwards,oracle java certification tutorial,oracle joins tutorial,oracle java tutorial,oracle jd edwards enterpriseone tutorial,oracle java cloud service,oracle jdbc connection in eclipse,oracle java mission control tutorial,oracle krul,oracle knowledge management,oracle kraken,oracle kari,oracle key vault,oracle killer queen,oracle khmer,oracle knowledge,oracle kraken evolve,oracle knight ark,k online oracle apps,k-onlines.com oracle applications,k-online oracle,oracle linux,oracle learning library,oracle led headlights,oracle linux 7, oracle led illuminated wheel rings,oracle linux 7 installation on virtualbox,oracle linux tutorial for beginners, oracle learning,oracle lighting® - led headlight conversion kit,oracle label security,l oracle trailer,l'oracle film complet, l'oracle (the physician),l'oracle film complet en francais,l'oracle trailer vf,l'oracle vf,l'oracle nctk,l'oracle vision 1,l'oracle 2013,l'oracle film complet vf,oracle marketing cloud,oracle management cloud,oracle mdm,oracle music,oracle micros,oracle maf,oracle materialized view,oracle middleware,oracle mobile application framework,oracle mft,project m oracle,oracle naomi kyle,oracle nigerian movie,oracle neo,oracle net configuration assistant,oracle net manager,oracle nigerian movie full,oracle net configuration assistant 11g,oracle nosql database,oracle nosql tutorial,oracle normalization,oracle of seasons ost,oracle of delphi,oracle of seasons speedrun,oracle of ages speedrun,oracle order management,oracle of seasons walkthrough,oracle of ages music,oracle of seasons review,sunn o))) oracle,como instalar o oracle,como baixar o oracle,como usar o oracle,o que é oracle,oracle performance tuning,oracle pl/sql,oracle pl sql tutorial,oracle performance tuning 11g,oracle partitioning,oracle pl/sql tutorial for beginners,oracle peoplesoft,oracle primavera,oracle policy automation,oracle pl sql tutorial for beginners,oracle query,oracle query performance tuning,oracle quality,oracle query optimization,oracle quality module, oracle queue
Views: 520 manivas medishetty
Index Design Patterns for Beginners   Kendra Little
 
01:06:00
Ready to design your first nonclustered index in SQL Server? In just one hour you’ll learn how to look at a query and design a nonclustered index to make it faster. You’ll learn about key columns, included columns, and a few gotchas to look out for. You’ll leave the session with a foundational understanding of rowstore nonclustered indexes, ready to tackle further indexing challenges. Kendra Little teaches people to architect and tune SQL Server for performance. She is a Microsoft Certified Master in SQL Server, a Microsoft MVP, and one of the few artists in the world to draw both dinosaurs and databases.
Views: 687 DBAFundamentals
Copying Data With Column Headers in Oracle SQL Developer
 
00:52
By default, when copying data grid data to the Clipboard in Oracle SQL Developer, column headers are omitted. Here's a quick video on how to get data with the column headers and JUST the column headers for a grid to the clipboard. Copyright © 2013 Oracle and/or its affiliates. Oracle® is a registered trademark of Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Oracle disclaims any warranties or representations as to the accuracy or completeness of this recording, demonstration, and/or written materials (the "Materials"). The Materials are provided "as is" without any warranty of any kind, either express or implied, including without limitation warranties of merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, and non-infringement.
11-How to create an index for a column in a table in a SQL Server database
 
01:11
Original high quality video: http://www.dotnetcodecentral.com/Post/130/microsoft-sql-server-quick-learn-how-to/How-to-create-an-index-for-a-column-in-a-SQL-Server-table All high quality videos on SQL Server (FREE to download): http://www.dotnetcodecentral.com/Technology/microsoft-sql-server-quick-learn-how-to Demonstrates the following (using SQL Server Management Studio): -Open a table in design mode (to modify table structure) -Add an index to a column in a table
Views: 16574 Jagadish Pulakhandam
PL/SQL tutorial 14 : Introduction of PL/SQL Triggers in Oracle Database By Manish sharma
 
05:55
PL/SQL Tutorial explaining what are triggers in Oracle PL/SQL, it's syntax, uses and types of triggers along with the Events in Triggers ------------------------------------------------------------------------ ►►►LINKS◄◄◄ Blog : http://bit.ly/introduction-of-triggers Previous Tutorial ► For Loop: https://youtu.be/DfAmnj2j7WI ------------------------------------------------------------------------- ►►►Let's Get Free Uber Cab◄◄◄ Use Referral Code UberRebellionRider and get $20 free for your first ride. ------------------------------------------------------------------------- ►Make sure you SUBSCRIBE and be the 1st one to see my videos! ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ ►►►Find me on Social Media◄◄◄ Follow What I am up to as it happens on https://twitter.com/rebellionrider https://www.facebook.com/imthebhardwaj http://instagram.com/rebellionrider https://plus.google.com/+Rebellionrider http://in.linkedin.com/in/mannbhardwaj/ http://rebellionrider.tumblr.com/ http://www.pinterest.com/rebellionrider/ You can also Email me at for E-mail address please check About section Please please LIKE and SHARE my videos it makes me happy. Thanks for liking, commenting, sharing and watching more of our videos This is Manish from RebellionRider.com ♥ I LOVE ALL MY VIEWERS AND SUBSCRIBERS
Views: 137985 Manish Sharma
ORACLE EXPLAIN PLAN FUNDAMENTALS
 
36:14
This Tutorial will explain basics of Oracle 11g EXPLAIN Plan by using this ppt & some hands-on in Oracle 11g R2 Database.This tutorial will include below topics. Understanding EXPLAIN plan. Set up & Use EXPLAIN Plan. Explain PLAN_TABLE & related scripts & DBMS_XPLAN.DISPLAY. Generate & View EXPLAIN Plan. Read & Interpret basics of EXPLAIN Plan. EXPLAIN PLAN limitations.
Views: 159454 Anindya Das
First MVC Project With Oracle Database using Entity Frame Work - Part 2/2
 
12:59
Pre Requisite : Visual Studio 2013 Oracle Database ODP Driver : http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/topics/dotnet/downloads/index.html Refer the full tutorial at : http://haneefputtur.com/first-mvc-odp-net-project-using-entity-framework.html
Views: 34669 Mahammad Haneef
[Creating Indexes] 3 - Creating an index on computed column
 
01:36
Creating Indexes Given a SQL Server table named Customer_Details and Calc_Area in the ABC_Bank database,you will view and practice how to create a unique index on a computed column using Transact-SQL. 1 - Creating an unique index 2 - Creating composite index 3 - Creating an index on computed column Learn more at : http://www.tutorialspoint.edu.vn/sql-server/162-types-of-indexes/12610-workshop-types-of-indexes.html
Views: 353 little fire
Oracle Database 12c: Simplifying Effective Date Range Queries with Temporal Validity
 
14:23
Fewer mistakes, less typing - in 12c you can define effective date ranges for your table date columns. Chris Saxon provides a quick demo in this week's episode.
Lecture 5   Oracle Database Performance Tuning 1 - Guy Harrison
 
39:46
China Sun Yat-sen University and Dell co-established course IT System Management Introduction Lecture 5 Oracle Database Performance Tuning - Guy Harrison The Oracle database is highly tuneable with many options for optimizing performance. However, the sheer quantity of tuning options can be overwhelming, and you can waste precious time unless you know which tuning activities are most likely to provide a return on your time investment. In this lecture we'll review some of the fundamental Oracle performance tuning practices and see how to use these in a ystematic way to improve Oracle performance. Topics will include workload and SQL optimization, identification and elimination of key contention points, configuring memory to avoid physical IO, and disk IO optimization. We will also see how to use commercial tools to assist in Oracle database tuning. This lecture will be based on materials from the lecturer's book on Oracle performance: http://product.china-pub.com/60833).
Views: 30201 Quest University
SQL: Delete Vs Truncate Vs Drop
 
08:27
In this tutorial, you'll learn the difference between delete/drop and truncate. PL/SQL (Procedural Language/Structured Query Language) is Oracle Corporation's procedural extension for SQL and the Oracle relational database. PL/SQL is available in Oracle Database (since version 7), TimesTen in-memory database (since version 11.2.1), and IBM DB2 (since version 9.7).[1] Oracle Corporation usually extends PL/SQL functionality with each successive release of the Oracle Database. PL/SQL includes procedural language elements such as conditions and loops. It allows declaration of constants and variables, procedures and functions, types and variables of those types, and triggers. It can handle exceptions (runtime errors). Arrays are supported involving the use of PL/SQL collections. Implementations from version 8 of Oracle Database onwards have included features associated with object-orientation. One can create PL/SQL units such as procedures, functions, packages, types, and triggers, which are stored in the database for reuse by applications that use any of the Oracle Database programmatic interfaces. PL/SQL works analogously to the embedded procedural languages associated with other relational databases. For example, Sybase ASE and Microsoft SQL Server have Transact-SQL, PostgreSQL has PL/pgSQL (which emulates PL/SQL to an extent), and IBM DB2 includes SQL Procedural Language,[2] which conforms to the ISO SQL’s SQL/PSM standard. The designers of PL/SQL modeled its syntax on that of Ada. Both Ada and PL/SQL have Pascal as a common ancestor, and so PL/SQL also resembles Pascal in several aspects. However, the structure of a PL/SQL package does not resemble the basic Object Pascal program structure as implemented by a Borland Delphi or Free Pascal unit. Programmers can define public and private global data-types, constants and static variables in a PL/SQL package.[3] PL/SQL also allows for the definition of classes and instantiating these as objects in PL/SQL code. This resembles usage in object-oriented programming languages like Object Pascal, C++ and Java. PL/SQL refers to a class as an "Abstract Data Type" (ADT) or "User Defined Type" (UDT), and defines it as an Oracle SQL data-type as opposed to a PL/SQL user-defined type, allowing its use in both the Oracle SQL Engine and the Oracle PL/SQL engine. The constructor and methods of an Abstract Data Type are written in PL/SQL. The resulting Abstract Data Type can operate as an object class in PL/SQL. Such objects can also persist as column values in Oracle database tables. PL/SQL is fundamentally distinct from Transact-SQL, despite superficial similarities. Porting code from one to the other usually involves non-trivial work, not only due to the differences in the feature sets of the two languages,[4] but also due to the very significant differences in the way Oracle and SQL Server deal with concurrency and locking. There are software tools available that claim to facilitate porting including Oracle Translation Scratch Editor,[5] CEITON MSSQL/Oracle Compiler [6] and SwisSQL.[7] The StepSqlite product is a PL/SQL compiler for the popular small database SQLite. PL/SQL Program Unit A PL/SQL program unit is one of the following: PL/SQL anonymous block, procedure, function, package specification, package body, trigger, type specification, type body, library. Program units are the PL/SQL source code that is compiled, developed and ultimately executed on the database. The basic unit of a PL/SQL source program is the block, which groups together related declarations and statements. A PL/SQL block is defined by the keywords DECLARE, BEGIN, EXCEPTION, and END. These keywords divide the block into a declarative part, an executable part, and an exception-handling part. The declaration section is optional and may be used to define and initialize constants and variables. If a variable is not initialized then it defaults to NULL value. The optional exception-handling part is used to handle run time errors. Only the executable part is required. A block can have a label. Package Packages are groups of conceptually linked functions, procedures, variables, PL/SQL table and record TYPE statements, constants, cursors etc. The use of packages promotes re-use of code. Packages are composed of the package specification and an optional package body. The specification is the interface to the application; it declares the types, variables, constants, exceptions, cursors, and subprograms available. The body fully defines cursors and subprograms, and so implements the specification. Two advantages of packages are: Modular approach, encapsulation/hiding of business logic, security, performance improvement, re-usability. They support object-oriented programming features like function overloading and encapsulation. Using package variables one can declare session level (scoped) variables, since variables declared in the package specification have a session scope.
Views: 61429 radhikaravikumar
SQL tutorial 60: SQL View in Oracle Database By Manish Sharma RebellionRider
 
07:30
SQL View in Oracle Database. In this tutorial you will learn how to create a vie as well as how to replace a view along with the examples of all the DML e.g. DESCRIBE, SELECT, UPDATE, INSERT and Delete on view by Manish Sharma RebellionRider ------------------------------------------------------------------------ ►►►LINKS◄◄◄ Blog : http://bit.ly/sql-view-in-oracle-database Previous Tutorial ► Tut 5: SELECT statement http://youtu.be/f_mVBVgnqmM ------------------------------------------------------------------------- ►►►Help Me In Getting A Job◄◄◄ ►Help Me In Getting A Good Job By Connecting With Me on My LinkedIn and Endorsing My Skills. All My Contact Info is Down Below. You Can Also Refer Me To Your Company Thanks ------------------------------------------------------------------------- Copy Cloud referral link || Use this link to join copy cloud and get 20GB of free storage https://copy.com?r=kb4rc1 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ►Make sure you SUBSCRIBE and be the 1st one to see my videos! -------------------------------------------------------------------------- Amazon Wishlist: http://bit.ly/wishlist-amazon ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ ►►►Find me on Social Media◄◄◄ Follow What I am up to as it happens on https://twitter.com/rebellionrider https://www.facebook.com/imthebhardwaj http://instagram.com/rebellionrider https://plus.google.com/+Rebellionrider http://in.linkedin.com/in/mannbhardwaj/ http://rebellionrider.tumblr.com/ http://www.pinterest.com/rebellionrider/ You can also Email me at Rebe[email protected] Please please LIKE and SHARE my videos it makes me happy. Thanks for liking, commenting, sharing and watching more of our videos This is Manish from RebellionRider.com ♥ I LOVE ALL MY VIEWERS AND SUBSCRIBERS
Views: 40621 Manish Sharma
PL/SQL: Collections Part-1
 
06:13
In this tutorial, you'll learn the introduction to collections. PL/SQL (Procedural Language/Structured Query Language) is Oracle Corporation's procedural extension for SQL and the Oracle relational database. PL/SQL is available in Oracle Database (since version 7), TimesTen in-memory database (since version 11.2.1), and IBM DB2 (since version 9.7).[1] Oracle Corporation usually extends PL/SQL functionality with each successive release of the Oracle Database. PL/SQL includes procedural language elements such as conditions and loops. It allows declaration of constants and variables, procedures and functions, types and variables of those types, and triggers. It can handle exceptions (runtime errors). Arrays are supported involving the use of PL/SQL collections. Implementations from version 8 of Oracle Database onwards have included features associated with object-orientation. One can create PL/SQL units such as procedures, functions, packages, types, and triggers, which are stored in the database for reuse by applications that use any of the Oracle Database programmatic interfaces. PL/SQL works analogously to the embedded procedural languages associated with other relational databases. For example, Sybase ASE and Microsoft SQL Server have Transact-SQL, PostgreSQL has PL/pgSQL (which emulates PL/SQL to an extent), and IBM DB2 includes SQL Procedural Language,[2] which conforms to the ISO SQL’s SQL/PSM standard. The designers of PL/SQL modeled its syntax on that of Ada. Both Ada and PL/SQL have Pascal as a common ancestor, and so PL/SQL also resembles Pascal in several aspects. However, the structure of a PL/SQL package does not resemble the basic Object Pascal program structure as implemented by a Borland Delphi or Free Pascal unit. Programmers can define public and private global data-types, constants and static variables in a PL/SQL package.[3] PL/SQL also allows for the definition of classes and instantiating these as objects in PL/SQL code. This resembles usage in object-oriented programming languages like Object Pascal, C++ and Java. PL/SQL refers to a class as an "Abstract Data Type" (ADT) or "User Defined Type" (UDT), and defines it as an Oracle SQL data-type as opposed to a PL/SQL user-defined type, allowing its use in both the Oracle SQL Engine and the Oracle PL/SQL engine. The constructor and methods of an Abstract Data Type are written in PL/SQL. The resulting Abstract Data Type can operate as an object class in PL/SQL. Such objects can also persist as column values in Oracle database tables. PL/SQL is fundamentally distinct from Transact-SQL, despite superficial similarities. Porting code from one to the other usually involves non-trivial work, not only due to the differences in the feature sets of the two languages,[4] but also due to the very significant differences in the way Oracle and SQL Server deal with concurrency and locking. There are software tools available that claim to facilitate porting including Oracle Translation Scratch Editor,[5] CEITON MSSQL/Oracle Compiler [6] and SwisSQL.[7] The StepSqlite product is a PL/SQL compiler for the popular small database SQLite. PL/SQL Program Unit A PL/SQL program unit is one of the following: PL/SQL anonymous block, procedure, function, package specification, package body, trigger, type specification, type body, library. Program units are the PL/SQL source code that is compiled, developed and ultimately executed on the database. The basic unit of a PL/SQL source program is the block, which groups together related declarations and statements. A PL/SQL block is defined by the keywords DECLARE, BEGIN, EXCEPTION, and END. These keywords divide the block into a declarative part, an executable part, and an exception-handling part. The declaration section is optional and may be used to define and initialize constants and variables. If a variable is not initialized then it defaults to NULL value. The optional exception-handling part is used to handle run time errors. Only the executable part is required. A block can have a label. Package Packages are groups of conceptually linked functions, procedures, variables, PL/SQL table and record TYPE statements, constants, cursors etc. The use of packages promotes re-use of code. Packages are composed of the package specification and an optional package body. The specification is the interface to the application; it declares the types, variables, constants, exceptions, cursors, and subprograms available. The body fully defines cursors and subprograms, and so implements the specification. Two advantages of packages are: Modular approach, encapsulation/hiding of business logic, security, performance improvement, re-usability. They support object-oriented programming features like function overloading and encapsulation. Using package variables one can declare session level (scoped) variables, since variables declared in the package specification have a session scope.
Views: 14392 radhikaravikumar
PL/SQL:NVL/NVL2/Coalesce function
 
05:26
In this tutorial, you'll learn the difference between NVL,NVL2 &Coalesce functions PL/SQL (Procedural Language/Structured Query Language) is Oracle Corporation's procedural extension for SQL and the Oracle relational database. PL/SQL is available in Oracle Database (since version 7), TimesTen in-memory database (since version 11.2.1), and IBM DB2 (since version 9.7).[1] Oracle Corporation usually extends PL/SQL functionality with each successive release of the Oracle Database. PL/SQL includes procedural language elements such as conditions and loops. It allows declaration of constants and variables, procedures and functions, types and variables of those types, and triggers. It can handle exceptions (runtime errors). Arrays are supported involving the use of PL/SQL collections. Implementations from version 8 of Oracle Database onwards have included features associated with object-orientation. One can create PL/SQL units such as procedures, functions, packages, types, and triggers, which are stored in the database for reuse by applications that use any of the Oracle Database programmatic interfaces. PL/SQL works analogously to the embedded procedural languages associated with other relational databases. For example, Sybase ASE and Microsoft SQL Server have Transact-SQL, PostgreSQL has PL/pgSQL (which emulates PL/SQL to an extent), and IBM DB2 includes SQL Procedural Language,[2] which conforms to the ISO SQL’s SQL/PSM standard. The designers of PL/SQL modeled its syntax on that of Ada. Both Ada and PL/SQL have Pascal as a common ancestor, and so PL/SQL also resembles Pascal in several aspects. However, the structure of a PL/SQL package does not resemble the basic Object Pascal program structure as implemented by a Borland Delphi or Free Pascal unit. Programmers can define public and private global data-types, constants and static variables in a PL/SQL package.[3] PL/SQL also allows for the definition of classes and instantiating these as objects in PL/SQL code. This resembles usage in object-oriented programming languages like Object Pascal, C++ and Java. PL/SQL refers to a class as an "Abstract Data Type" (ADT) or "User Defined Type" (UDT), and defines it as an Oracle SQL data-type as opposed to a PL/SQL user-defined type, allowing its use in both the Oracle SQL Engine and the Oracle PL/SQL engine. The constructor and methods of an Abstract Data Type are written in PL/SQL. The resulting Abstract Data Type can operate as an object class in PL/SQL. Such objects can also persist as column values in Oracle database tables. PL/SQL is fundamentally distinct from Transact-SQL, despite superficial similarities. Porting code from one to the other usually involves non-trivial work, not only due to the differences in the feature sets of the two languages,[4] but also due to the very significant differences in the way Oracle and SQL Server deal with concurrency and locking. There are software tools available that claim to facilitate porting including Oracle Translation Scratch Editor,[5] CEITON MSSQL/Oracle Compiler [6] and SwisSQL.[7] The StepSqlite product is a PL/SQL compiler for the popular small database SQLite. PL/SQL Program Unit A PL/SQL program unit is one of the following: PL/SQL anonymous block, procedure, function, package specification, package body, trigger, type specification, type body, library. Program units are the PL/SQL source code that is compiled, developed and ultimately executed on the database. The basic unit of a PL/SQL source program is the block, which groups together related declarations and statements. A PL/SQL block is defined by the keywords DECLARE, BEGIN, EXCEPTION, and END. These keywords divide the block into a declarative part, an executable part, and an exception-handling part. The declaration section is optional and may be used to define and initialize constants and variables. If a variable is not initialized then it defaults to NULL value. The optional exception-handling part is used to handle run time errors. Only the executable part is required. A block can have a label. Package Packages are groups of conceptually linked functions, procedures, variables, PL/SQL table and record TYPE statements, constants, cursors etc. The use of packages promotes re-use of code. Packages are composed of the package specification and an optional package body. The specification is the interface to the application; it declares the types, variables, constants, exceptions, cursors, and subprograms available. The body fully defines cursors and subprograms, and so implements the specification. Two advantages of packages are: Modular approach, encapsulation/hiding of business logic, security, performance improvement, re-usability. They support object-oriented programming features like function overloading and encapsulation. Using package variables one can declare session level (scoped) variables, since variables declared in the package specification have a session scope.
Views: 3993 radhikaravikumar
PL/SQL: Mutating Triggers Part-2
 
08:41
In this tutorial, you'll learn... PL/SQL (Procedural Language/Structured Query Language) is Oracle Corporation's procedural extension for SQL and the Oracle relational database. PL/SQL is available in Oracle Database (since version 7), TimesTen in-memory database (since version 11.2.1), and IBM DB2 (since version 9.7).[1] Oracle Corporation usually extends PL/SQL functionality with each successive release of the Oracle Database. PL/SQL includes procedural language elements such as conditions and loops. It allows declaration of constants and variables, procedures and functions, types and variables of those types, and triggers. It can handle exceptions (runtime errors). Arrays are supported involving the use of PL/SQL collections. Implementations from version 8 of Oracle Database onwards have included features associated with object-orientation. One can create PL/SQL units such as procedures, functions, packages, types, and triggers, which are stored in the database for reuse by applications that use any of the Oracle Database programmatic interfaces. PL/SQL works analogously to the embedded procedural languages associated with other relational databases. For example, Sybase ASE and Microsoft SQL Server have Transact-SQL, PostgreSQL has PL/pgSQL (which emulates PL/SQL to an extent), and IBM DB2 includes SQL Procedural Language,[2] which conforms to the ISO SQL’s SQL/PSM standard. The designers of PL/SQL modeled its syntax on that of Ada. Both Ada and PL/SQL have Pascal as a common ancestor, and so PL/SQL also resembles Pascal in several aspects. However, the structure of a PL/SQL package does not resemble the basic Object Pascal program structure as implemented by a Borland Delphi or Free Pascal unit. Programmers can define public and private global data-types, constants and static variables in a PL/SQL package.[3] PL/SQL also allows for the definition of classes and instantiating these as objects in PL/SQL code. This resembles usage in object-oriented programming languages like Object Pascal, C++ and Java. PL/SQL refers to a class as an "Abstract Data Type" (ADT) or "User Defined Type" (UDT), and defines it as an Oracle SQL data-type as opposed to a PL/SQL user-defined type, allowing its use in both the Oracle SQL Engine and the Oracle PL/SQL engine. The constructor and methods of an Abstract Data Type are written in PL/SQL. The resulting Abstract Data Type can operate as an object class in PL/SQL. Such objects can also persist as column values in Oracle database tables. PL/SQL is fundamentally distinct from Transact-SQL, despite superficial similarities. Porting code from one to the other usually involves non-trivial work, not only due to the differences in the feature sets of the two languages,[4] but also due to the very significant differences in the way Oracle and SQL Server deal with concurrency and locking. There are software tools available that claim to facilitate porting including Oracle Translation Scratch Editor,[5] CEITON MSSQL/Oracle Compiler [6] and SwisSQL.[7] The StepSqlite product is a PL/SQL compiler for the popular small database SQLite. PL/SQL Program Unit A PL/SQL program unit is one of the following: PL/SQL anonymous block, procedure, function, package specification, package body, trigger, type specification, type body, library. Program units are the PL/SQL source code that is compiled, developed and ultimately executed on the database. The basic unit of a PL/SQL source program is the block, which groups together related declarations and statements. A PL/SQL block is defined by the keywords DECLARE, BEGIN, EXCEPTION, and END. These keywords divide the block into a declarative part, an executable part, and an exception-handling part. The declaration section is optional and may be used to define and initialize constants and variables. If a variable is not initialized then it defaults to NULL value. The optional exception-handling part is used to handle run time errors. Only the executable part is required. A block can have a label. Package Packages are groups of conceptually linked functions, procedures, variables, PL/SQL table and record TYPE statements, constants, cursors etc. The use of packages promotes re-use of code. Packages are composed of the package specification and an optional package body. The specification is the interface to the application; it declares the types, variables, constants, exceptions, cursors, and subprograms available. The body fully defines cursors and subprograms, and so implements the specification. Two advantages of packages are: Modular approach, encapsulation/hiding of business logic, security, performance improvement, re-usability. They support object-oriented programming features like function overloading and encapsulation. Using package variables one can declare session level (scoped) variables, since variables declared in the package specification have a session scope.
Views: 14105 radhikaravikumar
SQL Tutorial - 13: Inserting Data Into a Table From Another Table
 
07:00
In this tutorial we'll learn to use the INSERT Query to copy data from one table into another.
Views: 240546 The Bad Tutorials
[Modifying Indexes] 3 - Modifying an XML index using ALTER INDEX command
 
01:52
Modifying Indexes Given SQL Server tables named Customer_Details and XMLDocument in ABC_Bank database,you will view and practice how to create and modify an index using Transact-SQL commands. 1 - Modifying an index using the ALTER INDEX statement 2 - Create an XML index 3 - Modifying an XML index using ALTER INDEX command. Learn more and source code at : http://www.tutorialspoint.edu.vn/sql-server/163-maintaining-indexes/12611-workshop-maintaining-indexes.html
Views: 194 little fire
Lecture 5   Oracle Database Performance Tuning 2 - Guy Harrison
 
38:42
China Sun Yat-sen University and Dell co-established course IT System Management Introduction Lecture 5 Oracle Database Performance Tuning - Guy Harrison The Oracle database is highly tuneable with many options for optimizing performance. However, the sheer quantity of tuning options can be overwhelming, and you can waste precious time unless you know which tuning activities are most likely to provide a return on your time investment. In this lecture we'll review some of the fundamental Oracle performance tuning practices and see how to use these in a systematic way to improve Oracle performance. Topics will include workload and SQL optimization, identification and elimination of key contention points, configuring memory to avoid physical IO, and disk IO optimization. We will also see how to use commercial tools to assist in Oracle database tuning. This lecture will be based on materials from the lecturer's book on Oracle performance: http://product.china-pub.com/60833).
Views: 13175 Quest University
PL/SQL: Weak Vs Strong RefCursor && Normal cursor Vs RefCursor
 
10:26
In this tutorial, you'll learn Weak Vs Strong Ref Cursor && Normal cursor Vs Ref Cursor... PL/SQL (Procedural Language/Structured Query Language) is Oracle Corporation's procedural extension for SQL and the Oracle relational database. PL/SQL is available in Oracle Database (since version 7), TimesTen in-memory database (since version 11.2.1), and IBM DB2 (since version 9.7).[1] Oracle Corporation usually extends PL/SQL functionality with each successive release of the Oracle Database. PL/SQL includes procedural language elements such as conditions and loops. It allows declaration of constants and variables, procedures and functions, types and variables of those types, and triggers. It can handle exceptions (runtime errors). Arrays are supported involving the use of PL/SQL collections. Implementations from version 8 of Oracle Database onwards have included features associated with object-orientation. One can create PL/SQL units such as procedures, functions, packages, types, and triggers, which are stored in the database for reuse by applications that use any of the Oracle Database programmatic interfaces. PL/SQL works analogously to the embedded procedural languages associated with other relational databases. For example, Sybase ASE and Microsoft SQL Server have Transact-SQL, PostgreSQL has PL/pgSQL (which emulates PL/SQL to an extent), and IBM DB2 includes SQL Procedural Language,[2] which conforms to the ISO SQL’s SQL/PSM standard. The designers of PL/SQL modeled its syntax on that of Ada. Both Ada and PL/SQL have Pascal as a common ancestor, and so PL/SQL also resembles Pascal in several aspects. However, the structure of a PL/SQL package does not resemble the basic Object Pascal program structure as implemented by a Borland Delphi or Free Pascal unit. Programmers can define public and private global data-types, constants and static variables in a PL/SQL package.[3] PL/SQL also allows for the definition of classes and instantiating these as objects in PL/SQL code. This resembles usage in object-oriented programming languages like Object Pascal, C++ and Java. PL/SQL refers to a class as an "Abstract Data Type" (ADT) or "User Defined Type" (UDT), and defines it as an Oracle SQL data-type as opposed to a PL/SQL user-defined type, allowing its use in both the Oracle SQL Engine and the Oracle PL/SQL engine. The constructor and methods of an Abstract Data Type are written in PL/SQL. The resulting Abstract Data Type can operate as an object class in PL/SQL. Such objects can also persist as column values in Oracle database tables. PL/SQL is fundamentally distinct from Transact-SQL, despite superficial similarities. Porting code from one to the other usually involves non-trivial work, not only due to the differences in the feature sets of the two languages,[4] but also due to the very significant differences in the way Oracle and SQL Server deal with concurrency and locking. There are software tools available that claim to facilitate porting including Oracle Translation Scratch Editor,[5] CEITON MSSQL/Oracle Compiler [6] and SwisSQL.[7] The StepSqlite product is a PL/SQL compiler for the popular small database SQLite. PL/SQL Program Unit A PL/SQL program unit is one of the following: PL/SQL anonymous block, procedure, function, package specification, package body, trigger, type specification, type body, library. Program units are the PL/SQL source code that is compiled, developed and ultimately executed on the database. The basic unit of a PL/SQL source program is the block, which groups together related declarations and statements. A PL/SQL block is defined by the keywords DECLARE, BEGIN, EXCEPTION, and END. These keywords divide the block into a declarative part, an executable part, and an exception-handling part. The declaration section is optional and may be used to define and initialize constants and variables. If a variable is not initialized then it defaults to NULL value. The optional exception-handling part is used to handle run time errors. Only the executable part is required. A block can have a label. Package Packages are groups of conceptually linked functions, procedures, variables, PL/SQL table and record TYPE statements, constants, cursors etc. The use of packages promotes re-use of code. Packages are composed of the package specification and an optional package body. The specification is the interface to the application; it declares the types, variables, constants, exceptions, cursors, and subprograms available. The body fully defines cursors and subprograms, and so implements the specification. Two advantages of packages are: Modular approach, encapsulation/hiding of business logic, security, performance improvement, re-usability. They support object-oriented programming features like function overloading and encapsulation. Using package variables one can declare session level (scoped) variables, since variables declared in the package specification have a session scope.
Views: 8692 radhikaravikumar
10 SQL with Oracle 10g XE   Using ALTER TABLE to Modify Table Columns
 
05:23
10 SQL with Oracle 10g XE Using ALTER TABLE to Modify Table Columns
Views: 50 Cambo Movies
SQL Server Indexing Basics by Satya Ramesh (Recorded Webinar)
 
01:02:46
Please note that this a recorded webinar. It was recorded during live presentation. In this webinar, we are going to cover the basics of Clustered Indexes & Non-Clustered Indexes. 1. How to create them and some best practices to follow. 2. What is a covering index and how is it useful. 3. What is fragmentation and how to defrag indexes 4. What is fill factor and how is is useful. This is going to be a level 100 session targeted towards Developers & DBAs beginning their careers with SQL Server. Suggest us topics that you wish to learn through our webinars: http://www.dataplatformgeeks.com/dpg-suggest-topics/ Connect with DataPlatformGeeks: http://www.dataplatformgeeks.com/ http://www.twitter.com/SQLServerGeeks https://www.facebook.com/SQLServerGeeks Email us: [email protected] Have technical questions? Join the largest SQL/Data group on FaceBook – https://www.facebook.com/groups/thesqlgeeks/ LinkedIn Group: https://www.linkedin.com/groups/6753546 DataPlatformGeeks (DPG) Community Join the fastest growing community of data & analytics professionals Why Join DPG? http://www.dataplatformgeeks.com/ -Attend all events hosted by DPG, including SQLMaestros Special Events -Get access to free videos, labs, magazines and host of learning resources -Download all events & conference material -Learn new skills. Sharpen existing skills -Be part of Asia’s Largest Data/Analytics Community -Opportunity to be a regional mentor & speaker at our events -Immense technical & professional development -http://www.dataplatformgeeks.com/ Do you know about Data Platform Summit (DPS)? Learn about the largest Data/Analytics Learning Event in Asia. http://www.DPS10.com | [email protected] A word from our sponsors SQLMaestros Hands-On-Labs Want to practice SQL, Azure & BI concepts, step-by-step with exercises, screenshots, instructions & explanations? Get access to 100+ labs covering the entire Microsoft Data Platform stack. Try SQLMaestros Hands-On-Labs – the new way of practical, self-paced learning. Anytime. Anywhere. http://hols.SQLMaestros.com Email [email protected] SQLMaestros Video Courses http://sqlmaestros.com/sql-server-videos-courses/ SQLMaestros Master Classes & Accelerators http://sqlmaestros.com/ SQL Health Check http://sqlmaestros.com/ Advanced SQL Training (On-site) Want your team to experience Amit Bansal's Advanced SQL Training? http://www.SQLMaestros.com Email [email protected] Corporate Training Looking for any other high-end technology training for your team? http://www.PeoplewareIndia.com Email [email protected] Connect with the founder of DataPlatformGeeks/SQLServerGeeks Follow on Twitter: https://twitter.com/A_Bansal Follow on FaceBook at http://www.facebook.com/amit.r.bansal Follow on LinkedIN: http://www.linkedin.com/in/amitbansal2010 Facebook Page: https://www.facebook.com/AmitRSBansal/
PL/SQL: Dynamic SQL part-2
 
05:14
In this tutorial, you'll learn what is dynamic SQL and how to implement it.. PL/SQL (Procedural Language/Structured Query Language) is Oracle Corporation's procedural extension for SQL and the Oracle relational database. PL/SQL is available in Oracle Database (since version 7), TimesTen in-memory database (since version 11.2.1), and IBM DB2 (since version 9.7).[1] Oracle Corporation usually extends PL/SQL functionality with each successive release of the Oracle Database. PL/SQL includes procedural language elements such as conditions and loops. It allows declaration of constants and variables, procedures and functions, types and variables of those types, and triggers. It can handle exceptions (runtime errors). Arrays are supported involving the use of PL/SQL collections. Implementations from version 8 of Oracle Database onwards have included features associated with object-orientation. One can create PL/SQL units such as procedures, functions, packages, types, and triggers, which are stored in the database for reuse by applications that use any of the Oracle Database programmatic interfaces. PL/SQL works analogously to the embedded procedural languages associated with other relational databases. For example, Sybase ASE and Microsoft SQL Server have Transact-SQL, PostgreSQL has PL/pgSQL (which emulates PL/SQL to an extent), and IBM DB2 includes SQL Procedural Language,[2] which conforms to the ISO SQL’s SQL/PSM standard. The designers of PL/SQL modeled its syntax on that of Ada. Both Ada and PL/SQL have Pascal as a common ancestor, and so PL/SQL also resembles Pascal in several aspects. However, the structure of a PL/SQL package does not resemble the basic Object Pascal program structure as implemented by a Borland Delphi or Free Pascal unit. Programmers can define public and private global data-types, constants and static variables in a PL/SQL package.[3] PL/SQL also allows for the definition of classes and instantiating these as objects in PL/SQL code. This resembles usage in object-oriented programming languages like Object Pascal, C++ and Java. PL/SQL refers to a class as an "Abstract Data Type" (ADT) or "User Defined Type" (UDT), and defines it as an Oracle SQL data-type as opposed to a PL/SQL user-defined type, allowing its use in both the Oracle SQL Engine and the Oracle PL/SQL engine. The constructor and methods of an Abstract Data Type are written in PL/SQL. The resulting Abstract Data Type can operate as an object class in PL/SQL. Such objects can also persist as column values in Oracle database tables. PL/SQL is fundamentally distinct from Transact-SQL, despite superficial similarities. Porting code from one to the other usually involves non-trivial work, not only due to the differences in the feature sets of the two languages,[4] but also due to the very significant differences in the way Oracle and SQL Server deal with concurrency and locking. There are software tools available that claim to facilitate porting including Oracle Translation Scratch Editor,[5] CEITON MSSQL/Oracle Compiler [6] and SwisSQL.[7] The StepSqlite product is a PL/SQL compiler for the popular small database SQLite. PL/SQL Program Unit A PL/SQL program unit is one of the following: PL/SQL anonymous block, procedure, function, package specification, package body, trigger, type specification, type body, library. Program units are the PL/SQL source code that is compiled, developed and ultimately executed on the database.
Views: 17105 radhikaravikumar
Oracle Database | Download and Install
 
10:46
Click below link : http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/database/enterprise-edition/downloads/index.html
Views: 35 Shahul Shahu
30- What is the Difference between Clustered and Non-Clustered Index
 
07:23
What is the Difference between Clustered and Non-Clustered Index ----------------------------------------­---------------------------- أرجوا لو الفيديو عجبك تضغط أعجبني --- ولو في أي تعليق ممكن تبعتلي وشكرا خليك أيجابي متخليش المعلومة تقف عندك شير في الخير you can download samples files from this link : https://1drv.ms/f/s!AsTNG-tTWghA0VxF2nqyn3KUUhfL
Views: 124 sayed hawas
Excel: Text to columns| fixed & Delimited
 
06:35
In this tutorial, you'll learn how to use text to columns option in excel PL/SQL (Procedural Language/Structured Query Language) is Oracle Corporation's procedural extension for SQL and the Oracle relational database. PL/SQL is available in Oracle Database (since version 7), TimesTen in-memory database (since version 11.2.1), and IBM DB2 (since version 9.7).[1] Oracle Corporation usually extends PL/SQL functionality with each successive release of the Oracle Database. PL/SQL includes procedural language elements such as conditions and loops. It allows declaration of constants and variables, procedures and functions, types and variables of those types, and triggers. It can handle exceptions (runtime errors). Arrays are supported involving the use of PL/SQL collections. Implementations from version 8 of Oracle Database onwards have included features associated with object-orientation. One can create PL/SQL units such as procedures, functions, packages, types, and triggers, which are stored in the database for reuse by applications that use any of the Oracle Database programmatic interfaces. PL/SQL works analogously to the embedded procedural languages associated with other relational databases. For example, Sybase ASE and Microsoft SQL Server have Transact-SQL, PostgreSQL has PL/pgSQL (which emulates PL/SQL to an extent), and IBM DB2 includes SQL Procedural Language,[2] which conforms to the ISO SQL’s SQL/PSM standard. The designers of PL/SQL modeled its syntax on that of Ada. Both Ada and PL/SQL have Pascal as a common ancestor, and so PL/SQL also resembles Pascal in several aspects. However, the structure of a PL/SQL package does not resemble the basic Object Pascal program structure as implemented by a Borland Delphi or Free Pascal unit. Programmers can define public and private global data-types, constants and static variables in a PL/SQL package.[3] PL/SQL also allows for the definition of classes and instantiating these as objects in PL/SQL code. This resembles usage in object-oriented programming languages like Object Pascal, C++ and Java. PL/SQL refers to a class as an "Abstract Data Type" (ADT) or "User Defined Type" (UDT), and defines it as an Oracle SQL data-type as opposed to a PL/SQL user-defined type, allowing its use in both the Oracle SQL Engine and the Oracle PL/SQL engine. The constructor and methods of an Abstract Data Type are written in PL/SQL. The resulting Abstract Data Type can operate as an object class in PL/SQL. Such objects can also persist as column values in Oracle database tables. PL/SQL is fundamentally distinct from Transact-SQL, despite superficial similarities. Porting code from one to the other usually involves non-trivial work, not only due to the differences in the feature sets of the two languages,[4] but also due to the very significant differences in the way Oracle and SQL Server deal with concurrency and locking. There are software tools available that claim to facilitate porting including Oracle Translation Scratch Editor,[5] CEITON MSSQL/Oracle Compiler [6] and SwisSQL.[7] The StepSqlite product is a PL/SQL compiler for the popular small database SQLite. PL/SQL Program Unit A PL/SQL program unit is one of the following: PL/SQL anonymous block, procedure, function, package specification, package body, trigger, type specification, type body, library. Program units are the PL/SQL source code that is compiled, developed and ultimately executed on the database. The basic unit of a PL/SQL source program is the block, which groups together related declarations and statements. A PL/SQL block is defined by the keywords DECLARE, BEGIN, EXCEPTION, and END. These keywords divide the block into a declarative part, an executable part, and an exception-handling part. The declaration section is optional and may be used to define and initialize constants and variables. If a variable is not initialized then it defaults to NULL value. The optional exception-handling part is used to handle run time errors. Only the executable part is required. A block can have a label. Package Packages are groups of conceptually linked functions, procedures, variables, PL/SQL table and record TYPE statements, constants, cursors etc. The use of packages promotes re-use of code. Packages are composed of the package specification and an optional package body. The specification is the interface to the application; it declares the types, variables, constants, exceptions, cursors, and subprograms available. The body fully defines cursors and subprograms, and so implements the specification. Two advantages of packages are: Modular approach, encapsulation/hiding of business logic, security, performance improvement, re-usability. They support object-oriented programming features like function overloading and encapsulation. Using package variables one can declare session level (scoped) variables, since variables declared in the package specification have a session scope.
Views: 809 radhikaravikumar
Oracle 11g: Group Functions Oracle | Multisoft Virtual Academy
 
13:28
This sample video familiarizes you with group functions used in Oracle®. Functions covered include AVG, COUNT, MAX, MIN, SUM, STDDEV, and VARIANCE. This video is a teaser from an actual training, where you learn concepts more elaborately. Moreover, the training is conducted by an experienced trainer and comprises varied topics helping you to prepare for the related exam easily. To learn more about Oracle® 11g, visit: http://www.multisoftvirtualacademy.com/
SQL: ACID (Transaction properties)
 
06:34
In this tutorial, you'll learn what is ACID PL/SQL (Procedural Language/Structured Query Language) is Oracle Corporation's procedural extension for SQL and the Oracle relational database. PL/SQL is available in Oracle Database (since version 7), TimesTen in-memory database (since version 11.2.1), and IBM DB2 (since version 9.7).[1] Oracle Corporation usually extends PL/SQL functionality with each successive release of the Oracle Database. PL/SQL includes procedural language elements such as conditions and loops. It allows declaration of constants and variables, procedures and functions, types and variables of those types, and triggers. It can handle exceptions (runtime errors). Arrays are supported involving the use of PL/SQL collections. Implementations from version 8 of Oracle Database onwards have included features associated with object-orientation. One can create PL/SQL units such as procedures, functions, packages, types, and triggers, which are stored in the database for reuse by applications that use any of the Oracle Database programmatic interfaces. PL/SQL works analogously to the embedded procedural languages associated with other relational databases. For example, Sybase ASE and Microsoft SQL Server have Transact-SQL, PostgreSQL has PL/pgSQL (which emulates PL/SQL to an extent), and IBM DB2 includes SQL Procedural Language,[2] which conforms to the ISO SQL’s SQL/PSM standard. The designers of PL/SQL modeled its syntax on that of Ada. Both Ada and PL/SQL have Pascal as a common ancestor, and so PL/SQL also resembles Pascal in several aspects. However, the structure of a PL/SQL package does not resemble the basic Object Pascal program structure as implemented by a Borland Delphi or Free Pascal unit. Programmers can define public and private global data-types, constants and static variables in a PL/SQL package.[3] PL/SQL also allows for the definition of classes and instantiating these as objects in PL/SQL code. This resembles usage in object-oriented programming languages like Object Pascal, C++ and Java. PL/SQL refers to a class as an "Abstract Data Type" (ADT) or "User Defined Type" (UDT), and defines it as an Oracle SQL data-type as opposed to a PL/SQL user-defined type, allowing its use in both the Oracle SQL Engine and the Oracle PL/SQL engine. The constructor and methods of an Abstract Data Type are written in PL/SQL. The resulting Abstract Data Type can operate as an object class in PL/SQL. Such objects can also persist as column values in Oracle database tables. PL/SQL is fundamentally distinct from Transact-SQL, despite superficial similarities. Porting code from one to the other usually involves non-trivial work, not only due to the differences in the feature sets of the two languages,[4] but also due to the very significant differences in the way Oracle and SQL Server deal with concurrency and locking. There are software tools available that claim to facilitate porting including Oracle Translation Scratch Editor,[5] CEITON MSSQL/Oracle Compiler [6] and SwisSQL.[7] The StepSqlite product is a PL/SQL compiler for the popular small database SQLite. PL/SQL Program Unit A PL/SQL program unit is one of the following: PL/SQL anonymous block, procedure, function, package specification, package body, trigger, type specification, type body, library. Program units are the PL/SQL source code that is compiled, developed and ultimately executed on the database. The basic unit of a PL/SQL source program is the block, which groups together related declarations and statements. A PL/SQL block is defined by the keywords DECLARE, BEGIN, EXCEPTION, and END. These keywords divide the block into a declarative part, an executable part, and an exception-handling part. The declaration section is optional and may be used to define and initialize constants and variables. If a variable is not initialized then it defaults to NULL value. The optional exception-handling part is used to handle run time errors. Only the executable part is required. A block can have a label. Package Packages are groups of conceptually linked functions, procedures, variables, PL/SQL table and record TYPE statements, constants, cursors etc. The use of packages promotes re-use of code. Packages are composed of the package specification and an optional package body. The specification is the interface to the application; it declares the types, variables, constants, exceptions, cursors, and subprograms available. The body fully defines cursors and subprograms, and so implements the specification. Two advantages of packages are: Modular approach, encapsulation/hiding of business logic, security, performance improvement, re-usability. They support object-oriented programming features like function overloading and encapsulation. Using package variables one can declare session level (scoped) variables, since variables declared in the package specification have a session scope.
Views: 2745 radhikaravikumar

Cover letter factory operative
Case study of culture in team work japan
Illuminatiye dissertation
Cover letter for business loan application
Sample resume for forklift mechanic