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Indexes in Oracle :Index Scan Methods :Part 2
 
30:18
The Video Explains when should you create indexes. The difference between Simple and composite Index, Relevance of order in composite indexes and Index Scan Methods in detail. 1.Index Unique scan 2.Index Range Scan 3. Index Skip Scan 4. Fast full Index Scan 5. Full Index Scan If you have any questions just drop in a comment
Views: 5173 Tech Coach
A Story of Indexes and Full Table Scans: Finding All the Red Sweets Part 1
 
08:43
"Why isn't Oracle using my index?!" is a common question people have when tuning SQL queries. In this episode Chris compares two methods for finding all the red candies from party bags he's prepared. He shows how these are like a full table scan and an index range scan. He goes on to compare the performance of these two approaches. He shows when a full table scan becomes more efficient than an index range scan and vice versa. ============================ The Magic of SQL with Chris Saxon Copyright © 2015 Oracle and/or its affiliates. Oracle is a registered trademark of Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Other names may be registered trademarks of their respective owners. Oracle disclaims any warranties or representations as to the accuracy or completeness of this recording, demonstration, and/or written materials (the “Materials”). The Materials are provided “as is” without any warranty of any kind, either express or implied, including without limitation warranties or merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, and non-infringement.
Views: 7449 The Magic of SQL
What is Index Scan ,Index Seek and Table Scan?
 
06:34
An index scan or table scan is when SQL Server has to scan the data or index pages to find the appropriate records. index seek happens when data is searched among the index.Please watch full video for detail.
Views: 17063 SqlIsEasy
07 06 Index Skip Scan Operations
 
03:14
ORACLE
Views: 764 oracle ocm
06 06 Index Full Scan Operations
 
03:27
ORACLE
Views: 746 oracle ocm
Indexing in Oracle :B-Tree,Bitmap Indexing
 
25:48
This Video is the 1st tutorial in the video series Indexing in Oracle , The video series explains in detail, What are indexes?It's types, what index should be used in which scenario and other important thing in basic terminology. Note :You may want to watch the video with a higher playback speed(1.25 if it suits you more)
Views: 10217 Tech Coach
Oracle || Indexes Part-1 by dinesh
 
32:23
DURGASOFT is INDIA's No.1 Software Training Center offers online training on various technologies like JAVA, .NET , ANDROID,HADOOP,TESTING TOOLS ,ADF,INFORMATICA,TABLEAU,IPHONE,OBIEE,ANJULAR JS, SAP... courses from Hyderabad & Bangalore -India with Real Time Experts. Mail us your requirements to [email protected] so that our Supporting Team will arrange Demo Sessions. Ph:Call +91-8885252627,+91-7207212428,+91-7207212427,+91-8096969696. http://durgasoft.com http://durgasoftonlinetraining.com https://www.facebook.com/durgasoftware http://durgajobs.com https://www.facebook.com/durgajobsinfo......
FTS vs Index Scan  Part 2
 
01:59
Discusses "When Full table scan is recommended and when index scan is suggested" -small excerpt from "Oracle Performance tuning" http://www.dbvidya.com/blended-training/ [email protected] +91 991 2323 000 Oracle Performance Tuning Online Training : http://www.dbvidya.com/course/performance-tuning-for-dba/ Oracle SQL Performance Tuning Training Online : http://www.dbvidya.com/course/sql-tuning-advanced/ Oracle Performance Tuning Videos Tutorial for DBA and Developers : http://www.dbvidya.com/oracle-performance-tuning-videos/ Oracle AWR Tutorial: http://www.dbvidya.com/course/oracle-awr/ Erwin Tool Online Training : http://www.dbvidya.com/course/erwin-tool/ ER Data Modeling Course : http://www.dbvidya.com/course/er-modeling/ Dimensional Modeling Training Online : http://www.dbvidya.com/course/dimensional-modeling/ Oracle Database Blogs : http://www.dbvidya.com/blog/
Views: 89 DbVidya
Real-World Performance - 15 - Index Contention
 
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Check out the entire series on the Oracle Learning Library at http://www.oracle.com/goto/oll/rwp In this video, listen and watch Andrew Holdsworth, Vice President of Oracle Database Real-World Performance at Oracle Corporation, as he explains how index contention affects performance. Copyright © 2014 Oracle and/or its affiliates. Oracle® is a registered trademark of Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Oracle disclaims any warranties or representations as to the accuracy or completeness of this recording, demonstration, and/or written materials (the "Materials"). The Materials are provided "as is" without any warranty of any kind, either express or implied, including without limitation warranties of merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, and non-infringement.
What Impact Do Indexes Have on Inserts?: Finding All the Red Sweets Part 0
 
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Creating indexes can improve query performance. Oracle must maintain the indexes however. This increases the work it must do whenever you modify data in indexed columns. In this video Chris looks at this overhead using a real world analogy - recording the color of all the candies stored in party bags! ============================ The Magic of SQL with Chris Saxon Copyright © 2015 Oracle and/or its affiliates. Oracle is a registered trademark of Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Other names may be registered trademarks of their respective owners. Oracle disclaims any warranties or representations as to the accuracy or completeness of this recording, demonstration, and/or written materials (the “Materials”). The Materials are provided “as is” without any warranty of any kind, either express or implied, including without limitation warranties or merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, and non-infringement.
Views: 2544 The Magic of SQL
Oracle Indexes - Beginner
 
12:12
Oracle Indexes - Beginner
Views: 63864 Chris Ostrowski
Types of Indexes (A B-tree index,A bitmap index )
 
27:18
Hi guys today is very most important topic in oracle is INDEXES help to increase performance at the time of search and modification into table records.
Views: 27123 Oracle World
Oracle Indexes - Live Demonstration
 
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When is a Full Table Scan faster than an Index Scan? Watch Ross and Jordan act out an Oracle database reading and caching data via both methods, explaining the costs and benefits in simple and easy to understand terms. The demonstration is part of a talk by Ross Leishman of DWS Ltd on the principles of Understanding Indexes for SQL Tuning. The full lecture is at this link: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Z4hKomnGHFA DWS Ltd is a leading publicly listed Australian IT Services company, providing services to blue chip organisations since 1991. With a business philosophy based upon integrity, reliability and professional service delivery, DWS provides end to end IT solutions. www.dws.com.au
Views: 2652 DWS Ltd
Making Smart Scan for Exadata Work (Demonstration)
 
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Making Smart Scan Work - Demo I'll go through a simple example of the kind of thing we need to think about when trying to achieve Smart Scan. Let me just enable tracing, run a simple query, select and * from *. Now, there's my query. The result set comes back, and how is it executed? An index full scan with the PK* index. The optimizer is intelligent enough to know that my query can be satisfied purely by reading the index and therefore it didn't have to go to the table at all. It looks very good. Well, it wasn't. Index full scans are an operation that cannot be offloaded. So, to execute that statement, every block of that index was delivered into the buffer cache of my own database instance, and the compute node then has to do the work of extracting those values. What can we do about it? One solution would be to hint the code. I select and demand an index fast full scan, and now we see the magic word "storage." An index fast full scan is offloadable, because an index fast full scan can do direct reads. An alternative approach? Well, you might not want to hint many, many thousands of lines of code. An alternative approach would be to do it through DDL. For example, take that index, make it invisible. Now run my statements without any hint at all, table access storage full, and that was offloaded. Having made the index invisible, Oracle has no option but a full-table scan, and a full-table scan is offloadable. Now, this means I have three options of this very simple example. I can let the optimizer get on with what it wants to do, and then I use an index that I'm doing block serving into the buffer cache. I can hint the code, index fast full scan. That's probably the best option for performance, but it's also the most work. In this intervening case, I make the index invisible so that it will still be used of course for enforcing the primary key constraints, but it will not be visible to the optimizer and therefore influence the optimizer towards using plans that can be offloaded the Smart Scan. Making the choice between this and influencing the optimizer in the correct direction is an extremely difficult job, and it is not always easy to determine what is going to be the best solution.
Views: 3057 SkillBuilders
FTS vs Index Scan   Part 1
 
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what is "full table scan in oracle" and "oracle index scan" Small Excerpt from "Oracle performance Tuning Session". http://www.dbvidya.com/oracle-performance-tuning-videos/ [email protected] +91 991 2323 000 Oracle Performance Tuning Online Training : http://www.dbvidya.com/course/performance-tuning-for-dba/ Oracle SQL Performance Tuning Training Online : http://www.dbvidya.com/course/sql-tuning-advanced/ Oracle Performance Tuning Videos Tutorial for DBA and Developers : http://www.dbvidya.com/oracle-performance-tuning-videos/ Oracle AWR Tutorial: http://www.dbvidya.com/course/oracle-awr/ Erwin Tool Online Training : http://www.dbvidya.com/course/erwin-tool/ ER Data Modeling Course : http://www.dbvidya.com/course/er-modeling/ Dimensional Modeling Training Online : http://www.dbvidya.com/course/dimensional-modeling/ Oracle Database Blogs : http://www.dbvidya.com/blog/
Views: 112 DbVidya
07 07 Index Selectivity
 
07:56
ORACLE
Views: 329 oracle ocm
Oracle Performance Tips - Indexes
 
03:58
Learn about index and types of indexes.
Views: 1973 Saurabh Kumar
How Does the Phyiscal Location of Rows Affect Indexes?: Finding All the Red Sweets Part 2
 
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In part one of the red candy series, Chris compared the efficiency of using a index range scan and full table scan to access data. He found that a full table scan was more efficient when fetching more rows than there are table blocks. This analysis made a big assumption however. It worked on the presumption that there was no correlation between the order of candies in the document and which the bags they were in. In this episode tests this assumption. Chris looks at how the physical order of rows in a table can affect the efficiency of indexes on it. He discusses how Oracle tracks this via the clustering factor. ============================ The Magic of SQL with Chris Saxon Copyright © 2015 Oracle and/or its affiliates. Oracle is a registered trademark of Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Other names may be registered trademarks of their respective owners. Oracle disclaims any warranties or representations as to the accuracy or completeness of this recording, demonstration, and/or written materials (the “Materials”). The Materials are provided “as is” without any warranty of any kind, either express or implied, including without limitation warranties or merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, and non-infringement.
Views: 3048 The Magic of SQL
09 06 Monitoring Index Usage
 
04:27
ORACLE
Views: 96 oracle ocm
Oracle Performance - Indexes
 
28:28
Oracle Performance - Indexes
Views: 256 The Silent DBA
07 04 Index Column Order Matters
 
04:53
ORACLE
Views: 61 oracle ocm
Clustered vs. Nonclustered Index Structures in SQL Server
 
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Clustered and nonclustered indexes share many of the same internal structures, but they're fundamentally different in nature. Watch Microsoft Certified IT Professional Jon Seigel explain the similarities and differences of clustered and nonclustered indexes, using a real-world example to show how these structures work to improve the performance of SQL queries. Blog post on primary key vs. the clustered index: http://voluntarydba.com/post/2012/10/02/The-Primary-Key-vs-The-Clustered-Index.aspx CREATE INDEX statement reference: http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ms188783.aspx ALTER INDEX statement reference: http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ms188388.aspx Index navigation internals by example: http://sqlblog.com/blogs/paul_white/archive/2011/08/09/sql-server-seeks-and-binary-search.aspx Sample index data is from the AdventureWorksLT2008R2 sample database: http://awlt2008dbscript.codeplex.com/releases/view/46169 Visit my channel for more database administration videos: https://www.youtube.com/voluntarydba Subscribe to get notified about my latest videos: https://www.youtube.com/voluntarydba?sub_confirmation=1 Read additional content on my blog: http://voluntarydba.com Follow on Twitter: https://twitter.com/voluntarydba Like on Facebook: https://facebook.com/voluntarydba
Views: 274594 Voluntary DBA
07 03 Bitmap Indexes
 
06:43
ORACLE
Views: 7660 oracle ocm
Reverse Key Index :Types of Btree Index in Oracle
 
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Please subscribe to my new channel. https://www.youtube.com/c/AnIndianAbroadd The Videos explains how Reverse Btree Index works and in what condition they shall be used. Reverse Btree index are used to solve index block contention. You can't perform range scans in reverse btree Index.
Views: 1527 Tech Coach
A Story of Index Only Scans: Finding all the Red Sweets Part 3
 
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So far in the red candy series, Chris has compared using an index to a full table scan to access sweets from his table. In this video he asks a different question: What if you just want to count how many sweets are red? In this case the index holds all the information Oracle needs to answer the query. He shows how the optimizer is able to process this via an index only scan. Chris goes on to investigate index only scans further. He discusses how theses can provide better performance than queries accessing the table itself. He finishes by looking at the conditions necessary to enable these. ============================ The Magic of SQL with Chris Saxon Copyright © 2015 Oracle and/or its affiliates. Oracle is a registered trademark of Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Other names may be registered trademarks of their respective owners. Oracle disclaims any warranties or representations as to the accuracy or completeness of this recording, demonstration, and/or written materials (the “Materials”). The Materials are provided “as is” without any warranty of any kind, either express or implied, including without limitation warranties or merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, and non-infringement.
Views: 1657 The Magic of SQL
Global Index rebuild scenario in Oracle Database 11g
 
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Why and How we need to rebuild global Index in Oracle 11g
Views: 2802 Athar Fahad
B-Tree Indexes
 
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In this video, I'd like to take a look at B-tree indexes and show how knowing them can help design better database tables and queries.
Why Isn't My Query Using an Index?
 
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“Why isn’t my query using an index?” is a common question people have when tuning SQL. This session explores the factors that influence the optimizer’s decision to answer this question. It does so by comparing fetching rows from a database table to finding all the red M&Ms a packet, and contrasts using an index range scan and a full table scan. It also introduces the concepts of blocks and the clustering factor. The session offers a discussion of how these affect the optimizer's calculations, and includes a demo of how these concepts work in practice using real SQL queries. This session is intended for developers who want to learn the basics of how the optimizer chooses between an index range or full table scan. Speaker: Chris Saxon
Views: 262 Oracle Developers
BitMap Indexes & Examples
 
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BitMap Indexes & Examples watch more videos at https://www.tutorialspoint.com/videotutorials/index.htm Lecture By: Mr. Parth Panjab, Tutorials Point India Private Limited
B*Tree Index Fundamentals(Indexes in Oracle-1)
 
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Part -1 : Introduction to Indexes, B*Tree Indexes, Index scan methods. Part -2 : B*Tree Index Types(different types of B*Tree indexes) Part -3: Using B*Tree Indexes(When use B*Tree indexes, factors related to B*Tree Access) Part -4 : Index Organized Table Part -5 : Bitmap Indexes Part -6: Partitioned Indexes Part- 7: Other type of Indexes based on characteristics & use. Part -8: Managing Indexes
Views: 48653 Anindya Das
What do you mean the Oracle Optimizer won't use my Index
 
47:15
Learn some details about how the Oracle optimizer works with Themis instructor John Mullins.
Views: 548 Themis Education
Which Order Should Columns Go in an Index?: Finding All the Red Sweets Part 4
 
06:19
When you create an index on multiple columns there's an important question you need to answer: In which order should you list the columns? This video looks at some of the factors you should consider to help answer this question. ============================ The Magic of SQL with Chris Saxon Copyright © 2015 Oracle and/or its affiliates. Oracle is a registered trademark of Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Other names may be registered trademarks of their respective owners. Oracle disclaims any warranties or representations as to the accuracy or completeness of this recording, demonstration, and/or written materials (the “Materials”). The Materials are provided “as is” without any warranty of any kind, either express or implied, including without limitation warranties or merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, and non-infringement.
Views: 3777 The Magic of SQL
07 02 B Tree Indexes
 
04:55
ORACLE
Views: 1874 oracle ocm
PLS-16: PL/SQL Index By Table
 
29:26
PL/SQL Tutorials For Full Course Experience Please Go To http://mentorsnet.org/course_preview?course_id=5 Full Course Experience Includes 1. Access to course videos and exercises 2. View & manage your progress/pace 3. In-class projects and code reviews 4. Personal guidance from your Mentors
Views: 55283 Oresoft LWC
Oracle Exadata Smart Scan - Limitations and Best Practices
 
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Smart Scan is a wonderful capability, but you don't always get it. It's impossible for many execution plans, and this is a major restriction. If you think about what a Smart Scan actually does, it delivers individual columns, individual rows back to the instance. Now, a buffer cache can accept only blocks. Therefore, Smart Scan cannot possibly put those columns of rows into the buffer cache. It's simply not formatted appropriately. So, a Smart Scan has to return values directly into the session's PGA or, to put it another way, the only access method that can use Smart Scan is direct read. Well, what access methods can use direct read? There are only two, which are table full scan and index fast full scan. Any other access method, typically index range scan, table access by row ID, cannot use a Smart Scan. The second major issue, there are strict limitations of the type of objects that can be accessed through Smart Scan. It really is only heap tables. You can't use indexes. You can't use clusters. You can't use IOTs. Heap tables only. Perhaps hardest to track down and giving sometimes very erratic results is that Smart Scan can be interrupted by various conditions. You've met all the requirements for Smart Scan, directory and so on, got the right execution plan. The Smart Scan starts and then hits something that causes a problem. Issues that we know cause problems are, for instance, read consistency, also delayed block cleanout, change rows. Any of those issues and a few others mean that the storage tier will have to interrupt its Smart Scan, deliver complete blocks into that buffer cache, let your session then do what is necessary to the block, and only then can the Smart Scan proceed. Now, in order to maximize the use of Smart Scan, there may be quite a lot of work. Very often, you'll have to adjust your index structures. Making them invisible is a nice technique there. There are many, many, many parameters that can influence the likelihood of achieving a Smart Scan, and almost inevitably you're going to be rewriting a lot of hint SQL and putting hints in it to get the correct execution plans that can enable a Smart Scan to occur. This is all because of one fundamental problem; the optimizer is not in any way aware of the Exadata. The optimizer develops an execution plan in exactly the way it would without the Exadata storage. The use of Smart Scan, the awareness of Exadata comes at the next level down. The optimizer develops the plan through a normal pass and then passes it through to the SQL execution engine, and it's the SQL execution engine that determines, on a case-by-case basis, whether to use the Smart Scan. This means that you might develop a plan and execute the statement 50 times. Forty-nine times, you get a Smart Scan. The 50th time, for whatever reason, the SQL execution engine decides not to. This can result in somewhat erratic performance.
Views: 1623 SkillBuilders
When to use Oracle Database Bitmap Indexes Lesson 1
 
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This tutorial will identify some use cases for Oracle bitmap indexes, including some of the more advanced capabilities. See all lessons, free, at http://www.skillbuilders.com/when-to-use-oracle-bitmap-indexes. Indexing your Oracle Database for best performance? There are cases, depending on data structures and queries, where b-tree indexes are not useful (e.g. scan access paths perform inadequately). In these cases, bitmap indexes may be a better solution. Bitmap indexes are a powerful tool, but they need to be used with care. Inappropriate use may cause problems worse than those they solve. The tutorial covers somewhat more advanced cases such as using bitmap join indexes to denormalize a snowflake schema, and to enable star transformations in queries that join fact tables to several dimension tables. This training will benefit any Oracle DBA administering a Data Warehouse or VLDB and "power" developers working in same. Instructor: Oracle Certified Master DBA John Watson, SkillBuilders
Views: 472 SkillBuilders
When to use Oracle Database Bitmap Indexes Lesson 2
 
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This lesson demonstrates cases where a *B-Tree* index cannot be used AND shows how Oracle will use a *bitmap* index. See all lessons, free, at http://www.skillbuilders.com/when-to-use-oracle-bitmap-indexes.
Views: 617 SkillBuilders
SQL: Indexes - Bit Map & B-trees
 
09:16
In this tutorial, you'll learn when to use b-tree and bitmap index
Views: 52349 radhikaravikumar
Oracle SQL Tutorial 8 - Indexes - Database Design Primer 5
 
11:06
The concept of an index is extremely important when managing a database. An index has the power of making your database very quick or it has the power to bog down your update, delete, and insert statements. The trick is to find a good balance. You will want to index any columns that are used continually in a select or a join. By default, all primary keys are indexed as well as any columns with the UNIQUE column attribute. I suggest you consider adding an index to your foreign keys as these will often be used in joins as well. You can actually create an index on a group of columns. This will allow you to search for data and return multiple columns. This is known as a composite index. There are many other things to database design...much more than we have covered. I have decided I will cover these as we go so that we can start applying what we learn practically. Support me: http://www.patreon.com/calebcurry Subscribe to my newsletter: http://bit.ly/JoinCCNewsletter Donate!: http://bit.ly/DonateCTVM2. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~Additional Links~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ More content: http://CalebCurry.com Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/CalebTheVideoMaker Google+: https://plus.google.com/+CalebTheVideoMaker2 Twitter: http://twitter.com/calebCurry Amazing Web Hosting - http://bit.ly/ccbluehost (The best web hosting for a cheap price!)
Views: 15324 Caleb Curry
26/125 Oracle PLSQL: Index by Tables-Associative Arrays 2
 
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تعلم اوراكل حتى الاحتراف Learn Oracle PLSQL
Views: 816 khaled alkhudari
Calculate query performance with Explain Plan in Oracle PLSQL.
 
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Explain plan is a wonderful utility in Oracle PL SQL. It helps you to understand how much cost a query takes to perform based on indexed table or table without index. In this oracle tutorial a full description is given on a table containing huge number of rows first based on index on a column and then without index.
Views: 3599 Subhroneel Ganguly
Oracle || Oracle Index by  Siva
 
17:55
DURGASOFT is INDIA's No.1 Software Training Center offers online training on various technologies like JAVA, .NET , ANDROID,HADOOP,TESTING TOOLS , ADF, INFORMATICA,TABLEAU,IPHONE,OBIEE,ANJULAR JS, SAP... courses from Hyderabad & Bangalore -India with Real Time Experts. Mail us your requirements to [email protected] so that our Supporting Team will arrange Demo Sessions. Ph:Call +91-8885252627,+91-7207212428,+91-7207212427,+91-8096969696. http://durgasoft.com http://durgasoftonlinetraining.com https://www.facebook.com/durgasoftware http://durgajobs.com https://www.facebook.com/durgajobsinfo............
Oracle Database Indexes: Myths, Tips and Tricks
 
09:04
In this tutorial, OCM John Watson will - via demonstrations - debunk these myths: Myth #1: Oracle Database does not index NULL Myth #2: A search that includes wildcards can't use an index if the wildcard precedes the string. Myth #3: Oracle will not use a function-based index unless the FBI is coded in the predicate. Myth #4: Indexes always help. The more indexes the better. See http://skillbuilders.com/free-oracle-tutorials for gigabytes of free Oracle video tutorials.
Views: 16073 SkillBuilders
Oracle Exadata SmartScan
 
03:06
Are you a believer? You will be. This three minute video explains how Oracle Exadata Smart Scan offloads query processing to the storage layer to deliver extreme performance for data warehousing applications.
Views: 14907 Oracle Video
Oracle Tuning Tutorial - Long Full Table Scans Part 2 of 5
 
06:33
See all 5 tutorials, free, at SkillBuilders.com/OracleTuningFullTableScans Number Eight in the "Performance tuning Guide, Top Ten Mistakes Found in Oracle Systems" Long Full Table Scans is described as follows: "Long full table scans for high-volume or interactive online operations could indicate poor transaction design, missing indexes, or poor SQL optimization. Long table scans, by nature, are I/O intensive and unscalable." Actually, there are many cases where the full table scan is your friend. But whether they are good or bad for the performance of the SQL that invokes them, there may be implications (for better or for worse) for performance of other statements. This is particularly true in 11.2.x, where direct reads are possible for serial scans, and indirect reads are possible for parallel scans. Do you trust the optimizer? The change in behaviour in recent releases may need some investigation, and revisiting older code. As always with a SkillBuilders Tutorial, we shall illustrate the issues and solutions with live demonstrations using release 11g (11.2.0.3). Audience: Operating System Administrators, Storage Administrators, Oracle Administrators and Management responsible for Storage and / or Oracle Databases.
Views: 4510 SkillBuilders
What is Oracle Exadata Smart Scan (Demonstration)
 
03:47
How does Oracle Exadata Smart Scan work? What is Smart Scan. How to insure Oracle is offloading work to the Storage Tier? Learn this and more in this demonstration by OC Master John Watson of SkillBuilders. See all 11 lessons in this tutorial at http://skillbuilders.com/exadata-tutorials. John Watson: I want to show you very briefly how offload Smart Scan or flow processing can actually function. I'm working here just in the little demonstration Scott schema. I'll enable auto tracing so that we can see the effect on execution plans, which will also show me whether offload processing is indeed possible. So it's a simple query. I'll use a function here to check that to get offloaded as well as the column selection and the row selection and column projection. We'll have a predicate. Right. So there is the statement. It returned these three scalar values, as you would expect. How was this actually executed? There was a select statement, then it was executed, table access full. That's the only way to run that statement given the index on that table because in the middle of this, we see the key word, "storage." That key word tells me that this statement could indeed be offloaded to the storage tier. Furthermore, we see down here in the predicate information, "storage." That key word again tells me that the row filtering could have been done by the storage tier. So what happened is that the storage tier did not return every block of the empty* table to the database buffer cache, where my session would then have had to extract these values. All it returned to the instance was these three scalar values directly into the PGA of my server process. Now, there's also the initcap function there. Was that offloadable or not? There is a view "Read our SQL fm letter data," and that will tell us for each function whether or not it can be offloaded. So, just select its name, whether it's offloadable. Declare offloadable as yes and put in a sort order as well, and we see that in the current release, there are 393 functions that can be offloaded. Which ones? All the typecasting functions, truncations, trims. These are functions that get executed millions of times an hour in many, many environments. Note here two particularly important ones, balloon filters. The offload capability for balloon filters allows us to offload joins or facts to dimension tables. Those two in star schemas can be offloaded. The function I used was, in fact, initcap. Just for completeness, we'll scroll through all of these and we'll see that initcap itself is an offloadable function, and there it is along with many others. There are two classes of function that cannot be offloaded, and those are the aggregation functions and the analytic functions. I mention them just for completeness. There's an architectural issue there because aggregations and analytics potentially require access to all rows in the table. The row might be distributed across a cell. So it's a technical issue why they can't be offloaded, but virtually, all other functions can be offloaded with terrific drops in CPU usage, and combining that with the reduction of data traffic into the instances will give us vast performance improvements.
Views: 3721 SkillBuilders
01 Overview of table Partition in oracle
 
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Partitioning enhances the performance, manageability, and availability of a wide variety of applications and helps reduce the total cost of ownership for storing large amounts of data. Partitioning allows tables, indexes, and index-organized tables to be subdivided into smaller pieces, enabling these database objects to be managed and accessed at a finer level of granularity. Oracle provides a rich variety of partitioning strategies and extensions to address every business requirement. Moreover, since it is entirely transparent, partitioning can be applied to almost any application without the need for potentially expensive and time consuming application changes. Partitioning allows a table, index, or index-organized table to be subdivided into smaller pieces, where each piece of such a database object is called a partition. Each partition has its own name, and may optionally have its own storage characteristics. From the perspective of a database administrator, a partitioned object has multiple pieces that can be managed either collectively or individually. This gives the administrator considerable flexibility in managing partitioned objects. However, from the perspective of the application, a partitioned table is identical to a non-partitioned table; no modifications are necessary when accessing a partitioned table using SQL queries and DML statements. Partitioning Key ======================== Each row in a partitioned table is unambiguously assigned to a single partition. The partitioning key is comprised of one or more columns that determine the partition where each row will be stored. Oracle automatically directs insert, update, and delete operations to the appropriate partition through the use of the partitioning key. When to Partition a Table ========================== Here are some suggestions for when to partition a table: Tables greater than 2 GB should always be considered as candidates for partitioning. Tables containing historical data, in which new data is added into the newest partition. A typical example is a historical table where only the current month's data is updatable and the other 11 months are read only. When the contents of a table need to be distributed across different types of storage devices. When to Partition an Index ============================= Here are some suggestions for when to consider partitioning an index: Avoid rebuilding the entire index when data is removed. Perform maintenance on parts of the data without invalidating the entire index. Reduce the impact of index skew caused by an index on a column with a monotonically increasing value. Partitioned Index-Organized Tables =================================== Partitioned index-organized tables are very useful for providing improved performance, manageability, and availability for index-organized tables. For partitioning an index-organized table: ============================================ Partition columns must be a subset of the primary key columns Secondary indexes can be partitioned (both locally and globally) OVERFLOW data segments are always equi-partitioned with the table partitions See Also: Oracle Database Concepts for more information about index-organized tables System Partitioning System partitioning enables application-controlled partitioning without having the database controlling the data placement. The database simply provides the ability to break down a table into partitions without knowing what the individual partitions are going to be used for. All aspects of partitioning have to be controlled by the application. For example, an insertion into a system partitioned table without the explicit specification of a partition will fail. System partitioning provides the well-known benefits of partitioning (scalability, availability, and manageability), but the partitioning and actual data placement are controlled by the application. See Also: Oracle Database Data Cartridge Developer's Guide for more information about system partitioning Partitioning for Information Lifecycle Management Information Lifecycle Management (ILM) is concerned with managing data during its lifetime. Partitioning plays a key role in ILM because it enables groups of data (that is, partitions) to be distributed across different types of storage devices and managed individually.
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