SURPRISE BECAUSE SCIENCE CHANNEL! Subscribe now and click the shiny notifications bell so you don’t miss out on all things science and pop culture.
Get a 30-day free trial and watch Because Science episodes early on Alpha: https://goo.gl/QPP3AU
SURPRISE LIGHTSABER shirts now available! https://shop.nerdist.com/products/because-science-surprise-t-shirt
Game of Thrones has many signature aspects, but dragons and the giant wall are the most iconic of the fire and ice of the story, but which one is stronger? Kyle melts it down on this week's Because Science!
Subscribe for more Because Science: http://nerdi.st/subscribe
More science: http://nerdist.com/tag/science/
Watch more Because Science: http://nerdi.st/BecSci
Watch the last episode at: http://nerdi.st/2tQdl4q
Follow Kyle Hill: https://twitter.com/Sci_Phile
Follow Us: https://twitter.com/Nerdist
Because Science every Thursday.
Artist: Andrew Bowser
• CALCULATIONS: http://bit.ly/2sQH9uA
• ENTHALPY OF FUSION: http://nerdi.st/1XyF0wS
• ENERGY DENSITY: http://bit.ly/2ueZeG2
• M1A1 FLAMETHROWER: http://bit.ly/2uSB4PG
• THE WALL DIMENSIONS: http://bit.ly/2tJ5LrS
• PEOPLE ON FIRE RECORD: http://bit.ly/2tNyJ8q
• GOT FLAME THROWER: http://bit.ly/2vdujY8
i'm a new subscriber and i really enjoy your vids BUT in this one (i know its old ) i didnt like it that much because i think there is a lot out of the picture. You used a flamethrower value for dragon's fire and (at least) some dragons in this series can vanish people into ashes and melt rock or rock based structures... so i beleave it is far more temperature than a flamethworer, also, its the amount of dragons you describe what we need to obliterate the wall in 1 second? what about 1 minute? or 10? i would love to see all this stuff incorporated into the math.
Kyle, one small correction to an otherwise awesome video. You said that ice doesn't have the compressive strength to get that thick. However, in the last ice age, didn't we have ice sheets over 2 miles thick in the Northern Hemisphere ? Aren't there ice sheets in Antarctica hundreds of feet thick ? Keep up the good work, love your vids.
But in the show the dragon does not melt the entire wall but just a very small portion of it...I assume approximately only about 500metres...Moreover the dragon only hits and melts a certain point in the wall which weakens the wall at that point and the rest of the work of the wall falling is done under it's own weight by the gravity....hence I assume it might have been possible for a single DRAGON 🐉
I pity the fool who thinks dragons mess around with flamethrower-temperature breath weapons. (of those that use fire, anyhow) Dragons, with a capital D, ARE Magic. For all intents and purposes, an ancient red giving a concentrated blast, might well be considered to be a mere conduit of fire from the Fire Realm. or whatever name you'd put on the place. quite ignoring the fact that dragons would not need to bother with the Wall at all. though I could see it be a fun little experiment for them once all the realm was ash...in any case, the Wall would not be much of a barrier once they got bored and flew away. Mind you, I speak of - Actual - Dragons. not the piddly litle wurms the bearded one plays with.
I really hate to be that person. But.
Dragonfire is much hotter in GoT. Dragons are magical creatures.
The wall was erected and held up by magic.
It's basically magic v magic. No way to science this one out.
I think the entire wall doesn't really need to be melted completely. Just a small breach will do. A tunnel or any passageway enough for the white walkers to pass through. Cuz the dead army only needs to pass through the wall, not destroy it completely. So maybe focusing all their dragon firepower on one spot and melt that spot enough for a breach. Sure, it may come crumbling down and block the breach but it maybe enough for the white walkers to scale it cuz it wouldn't be that steep to climb. I'm picturing a mound of ice and structure debris. Hehehehe Just out of the top of my head. I'm not using any math here.
What would happen if someone (or something) went super sonic under water...
Because water is incompressible what would happen, would the "shockwave" be seen, would be shown above water?
We know the sea life would die or some of it would die, near the sonic-boom(MythBusters Episode 91: Shooting Fish in a Barrel).
I’m sad to say, but Ancalogon from Tolkien’s books would just step on it. Boom one crunch brake through. With ease... I’ll give more information about this (TitanWing)’s size in one of my more advanced videos. (It will be sciency I promise! 🧐)
Anybody who tried to melt ice into water (like on a winter camping), knows how much energy it requires. In the same time, they didnt need to melt the whole wall,but just enough of it to get through. Additionally dragon fire seems to be way hotter than the gasoline fire. We also cannot assume,that whole the heat would be transferred into ice, a lot would heat up the air around... what I mean,tough calculation,bud. Could be revisited though :)
This actually made me think the entire time about the biology of dragons I always thought that their fire would be gas based but what if it was liquid based and their throats could be rough and hard so that when breathing fire they could convert the gas like bile that they could store in a stomach like sack and start grinding their throats to make sparks and make a flame thrower like effect.
But kyle, the dragons would not need to melt the whole wall. Only a portion of a wall is breached in any castle or wall in most history and fiction. So then my question is how big a hole could they make feasibly with 3 dragons, and how long would it take them?
The dragons on GoT can melt steel (the iron throne), stone (Harrenhal), and reduce soldiers in armor to ash (The Spoils of War). I would love to hear how hot that would need to be, and if that would melt the Wall.. or at least blow open a section that the army of the dead could get through.
at about 3000 c, water begins to decompose breaking down into hydrogen and oxygen... as the hydrogen moves away from the heat and cools at the edge of the fire, it can recombine with oxygen again.... IF a dragons fire were hot enough, it is possible that the water itself could add to the fuel. umm, yeh i'm gonna go home before i start thinking bout the math invovled in that mess.
There is one dragon that technically is bigger then a a few kilometers - Super Shenron from DBS.
BTW, love your show, i keep bench watching it while i draw XD. Its a very interesting idea of explaining fiction and fantasy via science, and i really like that kind of concept!
Keep up the great work! :D
Never watched game of thrones but historically speaking dragons use hydrogen gas as a means for both fire breathing and flight. So the calculations using the "natural equivalent" of gasoline in incorrect.
Balerion the Black Dread might've been able to take down more of the wall than Viserion did. Captivity kept Viserion rather small - I mean, look at Drogon who was not in captivity at all - and you have the size that Viserion and Rhaegal should be - and Balerion was the biggest dragon in history.
"bigger than any dragon in fiction"
super shenron kinda eats galaxies and a full grown size were immeasurable,its nucleus were as big as normal shenron who was enormous. Make a video bout that, why can it even live
Thing is, you might not need to melt the whole wall to ‘defeat’ it. The wall (disclaimer: I have never seen the show or read the books) exists to work as a defensible barrier, so to ‘defeat’ it you’d just need prevent it from fulfilling that purpose, so either you could melt a portion wide enough to allow whoever it is it’s keeping out to pass through it, or melt the defensive features at the top or just burn all of the defenders, in order to facilitate people just building ladders or some sort of ramp over it, or just do enough damage to get thedefenders to surrender and just let people through
Learning how to draw cartoon animals from the farm is not such a difficult task! Weve grown up surrounded by them! Farm animals are everywhere: In blockbuster movies, childs books, greeting cards. their shapes and images are printed in our minds!
In this section, I will show you how to determine what are the physical uniqueness of each animal and how to work with them. Then, you can practice drawing each cartoon character using basic shapes.
You will have the opportunity to make nice illustrations, practice sketching and cartooning using short easy lessons and complete your creation using a drawing software to create vector art if you want to! Cartoon drawing is really fun once you get into it!
Dont be afraid to try until you get it right. This method is really simple, but requires practice and observation. So, sit back and relax. Learn how to draw animals from the farm and start your journey on a good note!
Lets try s few basic characters to get started! :)
A cute turkey to begin with.
In this first tutorial, you can learn how to draw a fun turkey mostly made from small rectangles and large circular shapes. The posture of the character is really interesting. Not only is it easier to draw than a front version, but its also easier to add some perspective (as we can see with the legs). The fact that we just need to draw one wing is also interesting.
Most of these cartoon animals are not filled with complex textures or digital effects. In this case, the subject is filled with plain colors and only a few basic details (inside the tail) were added.
A nice turtle also from a side view.